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Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Hindemith
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 17, Zeilen: 17-23
Quelle: Gorji 2001
Seite(n): 38, Zeilen: l.col: 20ff
It was postulated that the excitatory amino acid glutamate plays a role in the chain of events triggering SD (Bures et al., 1974). The neocortex releases excitatory amino acids including glutamate and aspartate, to the extracellular space during CSD (Van Harreveld and Kooiman, 1965). Subsequently it has been shown that the triggering of SD requires activation of the NMDA subtype of glutamate receptor in rat cerebral cortex (Bures et al., 1974), in chick retina (Seeling, 1993) and in human neocortical tissues (Gorji et al., 2001). Other glutamate subreceptor (AMPA, kainate and quisqualate) can induce SD but their initiation inhibited by [NMDA receptor antagonist (Lauritzen et al., 1988).]

Bures J., Buresova O., Krivanek J. In: The Mechanisms and Applications of Leao’s Spreading Depression of Electroencephalographic Activity, Academic Press, New York (1974).

Gorji A, Scheller D, Straub H, Tegtmeier F, Köhling R, Höhling JM, Tuxhorn I, Ebner A, Wolf P, Werner Panneck H, Oppel F, Speckmann EJ. Spreading depression in human neocortical slices. Brain Res. 2001;906:74-83.

Lauritzen M, Rice ME, Okada Y, Nicholson C. Quisqualate, kainate and NMDA can initiate spreading depression in the turtle cerebellum. Brain Res. 1988; 475:317–327.

Seelig MS, Interrelationship of magnesium and estrogen in cardiovascular and bone disorders, eclampsia, migraine and premenstrual syndrome. J. Am. Coll. Nutr. 1993;12:442–458.

Van Harreveld A, Kooiman M. Amino acid release from the cerebral cortex during spreading depression and asphyxiation. J. Neurochem. 1965;12:431–439.

It was postulated that the excitatory amino acid glutamate plays a role in the chain of events triggering SD [442,443]. The brain cortex releases excitatory amino acids including glutamate and aspartate, to the extracellular space during CSD [447]. Subsequently it has been shown that the triggering of SD requires activation of the NMDA subtype of glutamate receptor in rat cerebral cortex [147,261], in chick retina [380] and in human neocortical tissues [149]. Other glutamate receptor subtypes (AMPA, kainate and quisqualate) can induce SD but their effects inhibited by NMDA receptor antagonist [241,383].

[147] N.A. Gorelova, V.I. Koroleva, T. Amemori, V. Pavlik, J. Bures, Ketamine blockade of cortical spreading depression in rats, Electroencephalogr. Clin. Neurophysiol. 66 (1987) 440-447.

[149] A. Gorji, D. Scheller, H. Straub, F. Tegtmeier, A. Ebnen, P. Wolf, H.W. Panneck, F. Oppel, E.-J. Speckmann, R. Kohling, J. Hohling, I. Tuxhorn, Spreading depression in neocortical human slices, Brain Res. 906 (2001) 74-83.

[241] M. Lauritzen, M.E. Rice, Y. Okada, C. Nicholson, Quisqualate, kainate and NMDA can initiate spreading depression in the turtle cerebellum, Brain Res. 475 (1988) 317-327.

[261] R. Marrannes, R. Willems, E. De Prins, A. Wauquier, Evidence for a role of the N-metPyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor in cortical spreading depression in the rat, Brain Res. 457 (1988) 226-240.

[380] M.S. Seelig, Interrelationship of magnesium and estrogen in cardiovascular and bone disorders, eclampsia, migraine and premenstrual syndrome, J. Am. Coll. Nutr. 12 (1993) 442-458.

[383] M.J. Sheardown, The triggering of spreading depression in the chicken retina: a pharmacological study, Brain Res. 607 (1993) 189-194.

[442] A. Van Harreveld, Compounds in brain extracts causing spreading depression of cerebral cortical activity and contraction of crustacean muscle, J. Neurochem. 3 (1959) 300-315.

[443] A. Van Harreveld, E. Fifkova, Glutamate release from the retina during spreading depression, J. Neurobiol. 2 (1970) 13-29.

[447] A. Van Harreveld, M. Kooiman, Amino acid release from the cerebral cortex during spreading depression and asphyxiation, J. Neurochem. 12 (1965) 431-439.

Anmerkungen

The source is not mentioned.

The correct Gorji et al. paper appears to have the title: "Spreading depression in human neocortical slices"; the other seems not to exist.

Sichter
(Hindemith) Singulus

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