FANDOM


Social Status of Rural and Urban Working Women in Pakistan

von Prof. Dr. Amber Ferdoos

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[1.] Af/Fragment 029 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2017-03-10 23:25:57 WiseWoman
Af, Engineer 2002, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 29, Zeilen: 1-24, 101-108
Quelle: Engineer 2002
Seite(n): 1 (Internetversion), Zeilen: -
Thus it is not Islam, which comes in the way but man’s attitude which determine the laws of Muslim countries regarding women. But these men in various Muslim countries invoke name of Islam to stem the tide of women’s movement for better rights. For example, in Pakistan when Fatima Jinnah tried to contest for the office of President (in early sixties against Ayuub Khan), the latter wangled a fatwa from the conservative ulama that a woman cannot become head of the state.22

All these political games are unfortunately played in the name of Islam rather than giving women rights due to them in a modern democratic society and which are not contrary to the teachings of the Qur’an. Most of the Muslim women in Islamic countries are agitating for their Islamic rights and status. The Taliban regime was the worst offenders in this respect. They not only followed the rigid Saudi laws but put more restriction than the Saudis do. The Taliban who were essentially following tribal norms justified all that in the name of Islam. They did not even allow women to go out for schools and madrassas totally ignoring the famous hadith of the Prophet of Islam that seeking knowledge is obligatory both for Muslim men and Muslim women. The Prophet used the word ilm which includes both religious as well as secular knowledge and as pointed out by some learned ulema that right to education is a religious duty spelled out in the Qur’an for men and women alike (Wadud 1999).

There is hardly any Muslim country, which has democratic governance. Either there is monarchy or military dictatorship or controlled democracy. However, modernization is also going on rapidly and it is difficult for the rulers in Muslim countries to resist spread of modern education among women. More modern education among women and society becomes increasingly democratized, awareness for rights grows among them and they demand their rights and actual status either on Islamic or secular grounds.


22 The ulema at that time quoted a hadith from the Holy Prophet that if a woman becomes head of a nation that nation will face disaster. However, the supporters of Fatima Jinnah which included head of Jamaat-e-Islami, Maulana Maududi (see previous pages for the role of JI in Pakistani politics) approved of her contesting the President’s election. They also managed to obtain a fatwa to this effect from a prominent alim who justified on grounds that in democracy the head of a state does not have absolute powers but depends on votes of members of parliament whose majority is of men.

(also seehttp://www.storyofpakistan.com/articletext.asp?artid=A106)


Wadud, A., 1999: Qur'an and women. New York: Oxford University Press.

Thus it is not Islam, which comes in the way but man's attitude which determine the laws of Muslim countries regarding women. But these men in various Muslim countries invoke name of Islam to stem the tide of women's movement for better rights dubbing it as western feminism.

[...]

When Fatima Jinnah tried to contest for the office of President in early sixties against Ayuub Khan, the latter wangled a fatwa from the conservative 'ulama that a woman cannot become head of the state. They quoted a hadith from the Holy Prophet that if a woman becomes head of a nation that nation will face disaster. However, the supporters of Fatima Jinnah which included head of Jama'at-e-Islami Maulana Maududi approved of her contesting the President's election. They also managed to obtain a fatwa to this effect from a prominent 'alim like Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi who justified on grounds that in democracy the head of a state does not have absolute powers but depends on votes of members of parliament whose majority is of men.

All these political games are unfortunately played in the name of Islam rather than giving women rights due to them in a modern democratic society and which are not contrary to the teachings of the Qur'an. Most of the Muslim women in Islamic countries are not guilty of following 'western feminism' but are agitating for their Islamic rights. The Taliban regime was the worst offenders in this respect. They not only followed the rigid Saudi laws but put more restriction than the Saudis do.

The Taliban who were essentially following tribal norms justified all that in the name of Islam. They did not even allow women to go out for schools and madrasas totally ignoring the famous hadith of the Prophet that seeking knowledge is obligatory both for Muslim men and Muslim women (muslimah). The prophet separately mentioned Muslimah keeping in mind that soon after him the Muslim men would restrict women from acquiring knowledge. The Prophet used the word 'ilm which includes both religious as well as secular knowledge.

[...]

[...] There is hardly any Muslim country, which has democratic governance. Either there is monarchy or military dictatorship or controlled democracy.

However, modernisation is also going apace and it is difficult for the rulers in Muslim countries to resist spread of modern education among women. More modern education spread among women and society becomes increasingly democratised, awareness for rights grows among them and they demand their rights either on Islamic or secular grounds.

Anmerkungen

Nothing has been marked as a citation.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan), WiseWoman


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