FANDOM


Social Status of Rural and Urban Working Women in Pakistan

von Prof. Dr. Amber Ferdoos

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[1.] Af/Fragment 047 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2017-03-20 00:36:02 Graf Isolan
Af, Fragment, Gesichtet, Mirza 1999, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

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Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 47, Zeilen: 1-3
Quelle: Mirza 1999
Seite(n): 190, Zeilen: 3-6
It has been pointed out by feminist economists that gender relations (and gender inequalities) are reflected in the market and influences the way economic processes take place (Cagatay 1995:1827f; Elson 1993a:545; Elson 1995:1864).

Cagatay, Nillüfer [sic] et.al. (eds.), 1995: Gender adjustment and macroeconomics, World Development (special issue), vol. 23 No 11.

Cagatay, Nillüfer [sic] et.al, 1995: Introduction in ibid. (eds.), pp.1827-1838.

Elson, D., 1993a: Feministische Ansätze in der Entwicklungsökomomie [sic], in: Prokla, Zeitschrift für kritische Sozialwissenschaft, vol. 23, No 4, pp. 529-550.

Elson, D., 1995: Gender awareness in modelling structure [sic] adjustment, in: Nilfür [sic] Cagatay et.al. (eds.), pp. 1851-1868.

It has, for instance, been pointed out by feminist economists that gender relations (and gender inequalities) are reflected in the market and influence the way economic processes take place [Cagatay (1995:1827f); Elson (1993:545); Elson (1995:1864)].

Cagatay, Nilüfer et al. (1995) Introduction. In Nilüfer Cagatay et al. (eds) Gender, Adjustment and Macroeconomics. World Development (Special Issue) 23:11 1827–1838.

Elson, Diane (1993) Feministische Ansätze in der Entwicklungsökonomie. Prokla, Zeitschrift für kritische Sozialwissenschaft 23:4 529–550.

Elson, Diane (1995) Gender Awareness in Modelling Structural Adjustment. In Nilüfer Cagatay et al. (eds) Gender, Adjustment and Macroeconomics. World Development (Special Issue) 23:11 1851–1868.

Anmerkungen

No source given. Nothing has been marked as a citation.

Every reference given here by Af contains an error.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan) Schumann

[2.] Af/Fragment 047 19 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2017-04-01 12:26:14 Schumann
Af, BauernOpfer, Fragment, Gesichtet, Pakistan Economic Survey 2004-2005, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop

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BauernOpfer
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
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Yes
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 47, Zeilen: 19-30
Quelle: Pakistan Economic Survey 2004-2005
Seite(n): 141, 142, Zeilen: 141: 4.6.10-11.12-13.18-19; 142: 16-19
5.1 The structure of the female employment in Pakistan

Pakistan’s population has grown at an average rate of 3 percent per annum since 1951 and until the mid 1980’s. Since 2000-01 Pakistan’s population is growing at an average rate of almost 2 percent per annum only. Had Pakistan’s population grown at an average rate of 2 percent per annum since 1959-60, Pakistan’s per capita income would have been $ 1083 rather than $ 736. During the last 50 years, Pakistan’s population has increased from 33 million to 152.53 million in 2004-05; thus making Pakistan the 7th most populous country in the world (LFS 2003-04). Since, Pakistan is on the favourable end of the population spectrum. Thus, an increase in population consequently leads to an increase in labour force as well. This is evident from Pakistan’s labour force figure of 45.76 million in 2004 as compared to total labour force figure of 40.49 million in 2000; there is an increase of 5.27 million working hands in Pakistan.


Government of Pakistan 2005: Labour force survey 2003-04, Federal Bureau of Statistics, Statistics Division, Islamabad.

[page 141]

POPULATION, LABOUR FORCE & EMPLOYMENT

Pakistan’s population has grown at an average rate of 3 percent per annum since 1951 and until mid 1980’s. [...] However, since 2000-01 Pakistan’s population is growing at an average rate of almost 2 percent per annum. [...] Had Pakistan’s population grown at an average rate of 2 percent per annum since 1959-60, Pakistan’s per capita income would have been Rs. 64366 today as against Rs. 43748. [...] Furthermore, Pakistan’s per capita income in dollar term would have been $ 1083 rather than $ 736.

[...] During the last 50 years, Pakistan’s population has increased from 33 million to 152.53 million in 2004-05. Thus making Pakistan the 7th most populous country in the world.

[page 142]

Since, Pakistan is on the favorable end of the population spectrum. Thus, an increase in population consequently leads to an increase in labour force as well. This is evident from Pakistan’s labour force figure of 45.76 million in 2004 as compared to total labour force figure of 40.49 million in 2000; there is an increase of 5.27 million working hands in Pakistan.

Anmerkungen

Af kind of names her source (cp. comments on this reference in source: Pakistan Economic Survey 2004-2005). Nevertheless, nothing has been marked as a citation, and it is not clear, that after the reference the text still stems from the same source (and not from Af).

Sichter
(Graf Isolan) Schumann


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