FANDOM


Social Status of Rural and Urban Working Women in Pakistan

von Prof. Dr. Amber Ferdoos

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[1.] Af/Fragment 048 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2017-03-20 00:37:29 Graf Isolan
Af, Fragment, Gesichtet, Mirza 1999, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 48, Zeilen: 1-6, 101-104
Quelle: Mirza 1999
Seite(n): 187, Zeilen: 19-22
Through systematically analyzing the earlier labour force surveys, it is evident that the female participation rate in the labour force in Pakistan is one of the lowest worldwide. In the labour force survey 1996-97 informal sector activities had been included for the first time, the crude labour force participation rate for women in urban areas was only 59%,30 with 53.3% of the urban female workforce being engaged in the formal sector activities (Government of Pakistan 1998d).31

30 The crude labour force participation rate is defined as the percentage of the persons in labour force in respect to the total population. The refined labour force participation rate, which is 8.4% for women in Pakistan, is defined as the percentage of persons in the labour force in respect to the population 10 years of age and above.

31 In the Labour Force survey 1994-95, which does not include informal activities, the labour force participation rate for women was 4.97 % (Government of Pakistan 1998b).


Government of Pakistan, 1998b: Economic survey 1997-98, Finance division, Advisor’s wing, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Government of Pakistan 1998d: Labour force survey 1996-97, Federal Bureau of Statistics, Statistics Division Karachi: The Manager of Publications.

INTRODUCTION

The participation rate of women in the labour force of Pakistan is one of the lowest worldwide. The crude labour force participation rate for women in urban areas is only 5.9 percent,1 with 55.3 percent of their urban workforce engaged in informal sector activities [Pakistan (1998)].


1 The crude labour force participation rate is defined as the percentage of persons in the labour force in respect to the total population. The refined labour force participation rate, which is 8.4 percent for women in urban Pakistan, is defined as the percentage of persons in the labour force in respect to the population 10 years of age and above.


Pakistan, Government of (1998) Labour Force Survey 1996-97. Karachi: Federal Bureau of Statistics, Statistics Division, The Manager of Publications.

Anmerkungen

The wording is as in Mirza (1999), but nothing has been marked as a citation.

"only 5.9%" in the original text becomes "only 59%" in Af. The other number given by Af does not match either - however it is to be interpreted.

Neither is there a "Government of Pakistan, 1998a" nor a "Government of Pakistan, 1998c" in Af's references.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan) Schumann

[2.] Af/Fragment 048 21 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2017-04-01 12:44:19 Schumann
Af, BauernOpfer, Fragment, Gesichtet, Pakistan Economic Survey 2004-2005, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop

Typus
BauernOpfer
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 48, Zeilen: 21-31
Quelle: Pakistan Economic Survey 2004-2005
Seite(n): 146, Zeilen: 27-34, 38-41
From the table 1 we can decipher that Pakistan’s total labour force has increased by 4.38 million in 2004-05 as compared to 2001-02. Similarly, the number of people employed has also registered an increase of 2.87 million (7.4 percent), whereas unemployment has only increased by 0.3 million. This in fact points towards the successful employment generation policies of the present government of General Musharraf.

According to the to date Labour Force Survey (LFS 2003-04), the overall labour force participation rate (CAR) is 30.41 percent (48.74 percent of males and 11.16 percent of females). CAR was 28.7 percent in 1996-97 increased to 29.4 percent in 1997-98 but later declined to 29 percent in 1999-00. It has increased to 29.61 percent in 2001-02 and finally to 30.4 percent in 2003-04.


Government of Pakistan 2005: Labour force survey 2003-04, Federal Bureau of Statistics, Statistics Division, Islamabad.

[page 146]

From the table 13.3 we can decipher that Pakistan’s total labour force has increased by 4.38 million in 2004-05 as compared to 2001-02. Similarly, the number of people employed has also registered an increased [sic] of 2.87 million (7.4 percent). Whereas unemployment has only increased by 0.3 million. This in fact points towards the successful employment generation policies of the government.

Labour Force Participation Rate

[...] According to the Labour Force Survey 2003-04 the overall labour force participation rate (CAR) is 30.41 percent (48.74 percent of males and 11.16 percent of females). CAR was 28.7 percent in 1996-97 increased to 29.4 percent in 1997-98 but later declined to 29 percent in 1999-00. It has increased to 29.61 percent in 2001-02 and finally to 30.4 percent in 2003-04.

Anmerkungen

Af kind of names her source (cp. comments on this reference in Pakistan Economic Survey 2004-2005). Nevertheless, nothing has been marked as a citation.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan) Schumann


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