FANDOM


Social Status of Rural and Urban Working Women in Pakistan

von Prof. Dr. Amber Ferdoos

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[1.] Af/Fragment 051 09 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2017-04-09 15:12:56 Schumann
Af, BauernOpfer, Fragment, Gesichtet, Pakistan Economic Survey 2004-2005, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop

Typus
BauernOpfer
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 51, Zeilen: 9-17, table 3
Quelle: Pakistan Economic Survey 2004-2005
Seite(n): 148-149, Zeilen: 148: 13-19, table 13.7; 149: 1-2
Substantially a large portion of the country’s economic activity is in the hands of the informal sector; they employ 70 percent of Pakistan’s total labour force. Proportion of employed persons involved in the rural informal sector (73 percent) is higher as compared to that of urban areas (67 percent). As expected informal activities are more concentrated in urban areas (33 percent) as compared to rural areas (27 percent) (see table 3). Since informal activities are predominantly non-agrarian, male workers are relatively more concentrated in the informal sector both in rural and urban areas of the country. The informal sector is, therefore, not only the main engine of growth but it is also the main source of employment generation.

Table 3

Distribution of Labour Force (%)
Sector 2001-02 2003-04
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Formal 35.4 35.3 37.0 30.0 29.6 34.3
Informal 64.6 64.7 63.0 70.0 70.4 65.7
Rural 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Formal 31.7 31.5 34.3 27.1 26.7 30.1
Informal 68.3 68.5 65.7 72.9 73.3 69.9
Urban 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Formal 38.9 38.9 39.3 32.8 32.2 38.4
Informal 61.1 61.1 60.7 67.2 67.8 61.6
Source: Labour Force Survey 2003-04

Government of Pakistan 2005: Labour force survey 2003-04, Federal Bureau of Statistics, Statistics Division, Islamabad.

[page 148]

Growth and the Informal Sector

Substantially large portion of the country’s economic activity is in the hands of the informal sector; they employ 70 percent of Pakistan’s total labour force. Proportion of employed person involved in rural informal sector (73 percent) is higher as compared to that of urban areas (67 percent). As expected informal activities are more concentrated in urban areas (33 percent) as compared to rural areas (27 percent). Since informal activities are predominantly non-agrarian, male workers are relatively more concentrated in informal sector both in rural and urban areas of the country.

Table 13.7 Distribution of Labour Force (%)
Sector 2001-02 2003-04
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Formal 35.4 35.3 37.0 30.0 29.6 34.3
Informal 64.6 64.7 63.0 70.0 70.4 65.7
Rural 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Formal 31.7 31.5 34.3 27.1 26.7 30.1
Informal 68.3 68.5 65.7 72.9 73.3 69.9
Urban 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Formal 38.9 38.9 39.3 32.8 32.2 38.4
Informal 61.1 61.1 60.7 67.2 67.8 61.6
Source: Labour Force Survey 2003-04

[page 149]

Informal sector is, therefore, not only the main engine of growth but it is also the main source of employment generation.

Anmerkungen

Af kind of names her source but only for table 3 (cp. comments on this reference in Pakistan Economic Survey 2004-2005). Nevertheless, the text which has been taken verbatim has not been marked as a citation.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan) Schumann


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