FANDOM


Social Status of Rural and Urban Working Women in Pakistan

von Prof. Dr. Amber Ferdoos

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[1.] Af/Fragment 053 13 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2017-04-09 15:30:37 Schumann
Af, BauernOpfer, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, World Bank 1990

Typus
BauernOpfer
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 53, Zeilen: 13-18, (19-28)
Quelle: World Bank 1990
Seite(n): 92-93, Zeilen: 92: 26-32.(38-45-93: 1-2)
5.3 The gendered structure of the informal sector

There is a distant [sic] difference between male and female informal labour markets. The male labour market spectrum includes, at one end, unskilled, marginal workers subsisting in such casual jobs as hawking and car washing and, at the other end, small-scale, family owned enterprises that are visible, efficient, and labour intensive. The informal labour market is organized along different lines, because women’s choice of activity is determined by the norms of female seclusion.

Work in which contact with males cannot be avoided is associated with loss of respect and diminished marriage prospects for single girls. Thus Pakistan’s informal urban labour market is highly segregated, even for a Muslim country. The workers, street vendors, market sellers, carpenters, mechanics, and barbers are almost exclusively male. Women are confined to being domestic servants (who work in a home when the master of the house is away at work and have dealings only with the mistress) or home-based workers (who stitch clothes, make lace, weave baskets, embroider, make food products and “bidis”; home made cigarettes, for sales by male family members or middleman) (World Bank 1989:55f)
[page 92]

10.12 There is a distinct difference between male and female informal labor markets. The male labor market spectrum includes, at one end, unskilled marginal workers subsisting in such casual jobs as hawking and car washing and, at the other end, small-scale, family owned enterprises that are viable, efficient, and labor-intensive. The informal female labor market is organized along different lines, because women's choice of activity is determined by the norms of female seclusion.

[...] Work in which contact with males cannot be avoided is associated with loss of respect and diminished marriage prospects for single girls. Thus Pakistan's urban informal labor market is highly segregated, even for a Muslim country. The workers, street vendors, market sellers, carpenters, mechanics, and barbers are almost exclusively male. Women are confined to being domestic servants (who work in a home mostly when the master of the house is away at work and have dealings only with the mistress) or home-based workers (who

[page 93]

stitch clothes, make lace, weave baskets, embroider, make food products and home-made cigarettes, etc., for sale by male family members or middlemen).

Anmerkungen

One part has been clearly marked as a citation (and is not counted) - although the page number is wrong - but another one, which has been taken verbatim, too, is not marked as a citation at all.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan) Schumann


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