FANDOM


Social Status of Rural and Urban Working Women in Pakistan

von Prof. Dr. Amber Ferdoos

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[1.] Af/Fragment 062 12 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2017-03-11 22:56:46 WiseWoman
Af, Asian Development Bank 2000, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 62, Zeilen: 12-26
Quelle: Asian Development Bank 2000
Seite(n): 2, Zeilen: 2-6, 8-9, 18-24
The social and cultural context of Pakistani society is predominantly patriarchal. Men and women are conceptually divided into two separate worlds. The false ideological demarcation between the public and private inside and outside world is maintained through the notion of honour and purdah. In Pakistani society, women’s mobility is strictly restricted and controlled through the system of sex segregation and violence against them.

However, the spread of patriarchy in Pakistani society is not even. The nature and degree of women’s oppression/subordination vary across classes, regions, and the rural/urban divide. Patriarchal structures are relatively stronger in the rural and tribal setting where local customs establish male authority and power over women’s lives. Women are exchanged, sold, and bought in marriages. They are given limited opportunities to create choices for themselves in order to change the realities of their lives. However, women belonging to the upper and middle classes have increasingly greater access to education and employment opportunities and can assume greater control over their lives.

[page 2]

The Social and Cultural Context

The social and cultural context of Pakistani society is predominantly patriarchal. Men and women are conceptually divided into two separate worlds. Home is defined as a woman’s legitimate ideological and physical space, while a man dominates the world outside the home. The false ideological demarcation between public and private, inside and outside worlds is maintained through the notion of honor and institution of purdah in Pakistan. Since the notion of male honor and izzat (honor)1 is linked with women's sexual behavior, their sexuality is considered a potential threat to the honor of the family. Therefore, women’s mobility is strictly restricted and controlled through the system of purdah, sex segregation, and violence against them.

[...]

However, the spread of patriarchy is not even. The nature and degree of women’s oppression/subordination vary across classes, regions, and the rural/urban divide. Patriarchal structures are relatively stronger in the rural and tribal setting where local customs establish male authority and power over women’s lives. Women are exchanged, sold, and bought in marriages. They are given limited opportunities to create choices for themselves in order to change the realities of their lives. On the other hand, women belonging to the upper and middle classes have increasingly greater access to education and employment opportunities and can assume greater control over their lives.


1 “Honor” can be interpreted in various ways but generally refers to women’s purity and modesty.

Anmerkungen

No source given. Nothing has been marked as a citation.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan), WiseWoman


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