FANDOM


Social Status of Rural and Urban Working Women in Pakistan

von Prof. Dr. Amber Ferdoos

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[1.] Af/Fragment 073 02 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2017-03-22 20:10:52 Graf Isolan
Af, BauernOpfer, Fragment, Gesichtet, Naqvi and Shahnaz 2002, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop

Typus
BauernOpfer
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 73, Zeilen: 2-9
Quelle: Naqvi and Shahnaz 2002
Seite(n): 495, Zeilen: 4-11
As discussed earlier, the incidence of women labor force participation is very low in Pakistan. According to the Labor Force Survey, 1999-2000 female participation rate was merely 14% of the total labor force (for recent data, see chapter 4). Even though average annual growth rate of female labor force participation has been increasing slightly in Pakistan; it was 4% in 1980-99 and has gone up to 5.1% during 1995-98 (Labor Force Survey, 1997-98), however, this rate is still very low as compared to the other South Asian countries -- 42 % in Bangladesh, 41% in Nepal, 32 % in India and Bhutan, 37% in Sri Lanka. (World Bank, 2002).

Government of Pakistan, 1998b: Economic survey 1997-98, Finance division, Advisor’s wing, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Government of Pakistan 1998d: Labour force survey 1996-97, Federal Bureau of Statistics, Statistics Division Karachi: The Manager of Publications.

Naqvi, Z. F. / Shahnaz, L., 2002: How do women decide to work in Pakistan, The World Bank, World Development Indicators, Washington D.C.

1. INTRODUCTION

The incidence of women labor force participation is very low in Pakistan. According to the Labour Force Survey, 1999-2000 female participation rate was merely 14% of the total labor force. Even though average annual growth rate of female labor force participation has been increasing slightly in Pakistan; it was 4% in 1980-99 and has gone up to 5.1% during 1995-98,2 however, this rate is still very low as compared to the other South Asian countries -- 42 % in Bangladesh, 41% in Nepal, 32 % in India and Bhutan, 37% in Sri Lanka [World Bank (2002)].


2 See Labour Force Survey 1997-98 for detail.


The World Bank, 2002, World Development Indicators, Washington, D. C.

Anmerkungen

Nothing has been marked as a citation.

Neither of the surveys given in the references fits the description in the text. This is understandable because Naqvi and Shahnaz have forgotten to give the corresponding reference.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan) Schumann

[2.] Af/Fragment 073 10 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2017-03-29 13:56:14 Schumann
Af, Blood 1995, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 73, Zeilen: 10-12
Quelle: Blood 1995
Seite(n): 123, Zeilen: 19-23
The integration of Pakistani women into the labor force is of great concern. Because of economic pressures and the dissolution of extended families in urban areas, many more women are working for wages than in the past. Another of the challenges faced by Pakistani women concerns their integration into the labor force. Because of economic pressures and the dissolution of extended families in urban areas, many more women are working for wages than in the past.
Anmerkungen

Nothing has been marked as a citation.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan) Schumann

[3.] Af/Fragment 073 12 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2017-03-10 14:41:31 Graf Isolan
Af, Alavi 1991, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 73, Zeilen: 12-16
Quelle: Alavi 1991
Seite(n): 1 (Internetversion), Zeilen: -
Women’s contribution to the family economy has changed beyond recognition, as compared to conditions forty years ago. These changes seem to be having a greater impact on lower middle class families with monthly income ranges from Rs. 3000 to Rs. 5000 than either working class families or upper class ones. It is in the urban context that women's contribution to the family economy has changed beyond recognition, as compared to conditions forty years ago. These changes seem to be having a greater impact on lower middle class families than either working class families or upper class ones.
Anmerkungen

No source given. Nothing has been marked as a citation.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan), SleepyHollow02

[4.] Af/Fragment 073 19 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2017-03-10 20:52:08 WiseWoman
Af, Alavi 1991, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 73, Zeilen: 19-21
Quelle: Alavi 1991
Seite(n): 1 (Internetversion), Zeilen: -
In the big cities like Karachi and Lahore, working class consists of workers from the north of the country whose women either do unskilled work in factories or operate in the so-called 'informal economy' or are engaged in domestic employment. In the case of workers whose families live with them in the cities, many of the women either do unskilled work in factories or operate in the so-called 'informal economy' or are engaged in domestic employment.
Anmerkungen

No source given. Nothing has been marked as a citation.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan), SleepyHollow02


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