FANDOM


Social Status of Rural and Urban Working Women in Pakistan

von Prof. Dr. Amber Ferdoos

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[1.] Af/Fragment 086 04 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2017-03-22 20:09:28 Graf Isolan
Af, BauernOpfer, Fragment, Gesichtet, Khan and Qureshi 1996, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop

Typus
BauernOpfer
Bearbeiter
SleepyHollow02
Gesichtet
Yes
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 86, Zeilen: 4-27
Quelle: Khan and Qureshi 1996
Seite(n): 4, 5, 8, 19, Zeilen: 4: last 3 lines; 5: 1 ff:, 8: 4 ff.; 19: 1 ff.
Understanding a woman’s involvement in household decision making in a patriarchal society like Pakistan is a complex phenomenon. A woman’s involvement in household decision making in poor Pakistani households can be explained partially by her incomeearning status, which in turn is dependent on a multitude of factors. These factors include individual characteristics (such as her age, duration of marriage, literacy and number of living children), socioeconomic status, attitude of family members about women working outside the home, and availability and accessibility to financial support systems. The ability to make decisions, particularly health-related decisions, within the household is important for the survival of poor Pakistani women. A study investigating the cause of delay in 118 pregnant women brought dead to the maternity unit of public hospital in Karachi revealed that social and economic barriers including waiting to seek permission from the husband, were the important reasons cited for not being able to bring these women to the hospital earlier (Jafarey 1993).

A study conducted by Khan and Qureshi (2002) suggests that compared with housewives, a significantly larger proportion of working women reported having greater autonomy as measured either by involvement in or independent domestic decision making as well as in freedom of movement.

Employment of women thus seems to be an enabling process helps to break down the patriarchal system and promote egalitarian relationships within households. Paid work for women is likely to bring internal change within the family by transforming power relationships between men and women (Mhloyi 1994).

The ability to make decisions, particularly health-related decisions, within the household is important for the survival of poor Pakistani women. A study investigating the cause of delay in 118 pregnant women brought dead to the maternity unit of public hospital in

[page 5]

Karachi revealed that social and economic barriers including waiting to seek permission from the husband, were the important reasons cited for not being able to bring these women to the hospital earlier (Jafarey 1991).

[page 8]

Understanding a woman’s involvement in household decision making in a patriarchal society is a complex phenomenon. [...] From these interviews and literature review we also postulated that a woman’s involvement in household decision making in poor Pakistani households can be explained partially by her income-earning status, which in turn is dependent on a multitude of factors. These factors include individual characteristics (such as her age, duration of marriage, literacy and number of living children), socioeconomic status, attitude of family members about women working for cash and outside the home, and availability and accessibility to financial support systems.

[page 19]

Our study also suggests that compared with housewives, a significantly larger proportion of working women reported having greater autonomy as measured either by involvement in or independent domestic decision making as well as in freedom of movement. [...] A study investigating the cause of delay in 118 pregnant women or recently delivered women brought dead to a public hospital in Karachi revealed that economic (36%) and social barriers (33%) including waiting to seek permission from the husband, were the reasons cited (Jafarey 1993).

Employment of women thus seems to be an enabling process helps to break down the patriarchal system and promote egalitarian relationships within households. Paid work for women is likely to bring internal change within the family by transforming power relationships between men and women (Mhloyi 1994).

Anmerkungen

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Sichter
(SleepyHollow02) Schumann


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