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European Integration and the Western Balkans

von Prof. Dr. Avni Mazrreku

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[1.] Ama/Fragment 015 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2017-11-21 08:10:51 SleepyHollow02
Ama, Euractiv 2002, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
SleepyHollow02
Gesichtet
Yes
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 15, Zeilen: 1-6
Quelle: Euractiv 2002
Seite(n): 1 (online source), Zeilen: 0
It can, however, also be the founding text of an international organization. The Universal Postal Union, one of the oldest international organizations created in 1865, also has a Constitution.53 The International Labour Organization is another example.54 In itself, giving a Constitution to the European Union consequently implies nothing about the nature of the European Union.

53 See the Constitution and General Regulation of the Universal Postal Union, Bern 2005 International Bureau of the Postal Union, available also on: http://www.upu.int/acts/en/1_constitution_en.pdf, last visited on 24 December 2008.

54 See The Constitution of the International Labour Organization, it has 40 Articles and one Annex, original text was established 1919, has been modified by amendment of 1922 which entered into force on 4 June 1934 for first, for the last the Constitution was amended on 1972 which amendment entered into force on 1 November 1974 (the Constitution was amended six times). Available also on: http://www.ilo.org/ilolex/english/constq.htm, last visited on 24 December 2008.

It can, however, also be the founding text of an international organisation. Revealingly, the Universal Postal Union, one of the oldest international organisations, created in 1865, also has a Constitution. The international Labour Organisation is another example.

In itself, giving a Constitution to the European Union consequently implies nothing about the nature of the European Union.

Anmerkungen

The source is not given.

Sichter
(SleepyHollow02) Schumann

[2.] Ama/Fragment 015 06 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2017-10-12 08:31:39 SleepyHollow02
Ama, BauernOpfer, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Weiler 1999

Typus
BauernOpfer
Bearbeiter
Hindemith
Gesichtet
Yes
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 15, Zeilen: 7-18
Quelle: Weiler 1999
Seite(n): 3, 4, Zeilen: 3: 20 ff.; 4: 1 ff.
What, then, are the great constitutional moments in the history of the European Union? There are some obvious candidates: the Schuman Declaration of May 1950; the entry into force of the Treaty of Rome in January 1958; the profoundly important decision of the European Court of July 1964 declaring the supremacy of Community law; perhaps the 1965 "Empty Chair" crisis and the subsequent Luxembourg Accord with its hugely important impact on Community decision-making; perhaps, in more recent times, the 1985 White Paper of the Commission setting the 1992 objective of completion of the single market; or indeed, the 1986 Single European Act which endorsed that plan, restored majority voting to the Council of Ministers and set a veritable Euro psychosis across the continents.55 Many argue that Maastricht Treaty, with its symbolism and pompous official name: the Treaty on European Union crossed the line first.56

55 J.H.H. Weiler, The Constitution of Europe — do the new Clothes have an Emperor, Cambridge 1999, p. 3.

56 Ibid, p. 4.

What, then, are the great constitutional moments in the history of the European Union? There are some obvious candidates. The Schuman Declaration of May 1950? The entry into force of the Treaty of Rome in January 1958? The profoundly important decision of the European Court of July 1964 declaring the supremacy of Community law? Perhaps the 1965 “empty chair” crisis and the subsequent Luxembourg Accord with its hugely important impact on Community decision-making? Perhaps, in more recent times, the 1985 White Paper of the Commission setting the 1992 objective for completion of the single market, or, indeed, the 1986 Single European Act which endorsed that plan, restored majority voting to the Council of Ministers and set a veritable Europsychosis across the continent?

All these would be in contention. But for me it is Maastricht and its

[page 4]

aftermath which cross the line first. Not the content of the Treaty, important as, say, economic and monetary' union may be. Not the symbolism (for it is no more than that) of Maastricht’s pompous official name: the Treaty on European Union.

Anmerkungen

The source is given, but it does not become clear that almost the entire paragraph is copied verbatim. There are no quotation marks.

Sichter
(Hindemith), SleepyHollow02


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