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European Integration and the Western Balkans

von Prof. Dr. Avni Mazrreku

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[1.] Ama/Fragment 021 11 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2017-06-04 22:27:19 WiseWoman
Ama, BauernOpfer, Chalmers et al 2006, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop

Typus
BauernOpfer
Bearbeiter
Hindemith
Gesichtet
Yes
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 21, Zeilen: 11-30
Quelle: Chalmers et al 2006
Seite(n): 32, Zeilen: 2 ff.
2. Space of Freedom, Security and Justice

If the central monuments of the Single European Act and Treaty of European Union were the Internal Market and the European Monetary Union respectively, the Treaty of Amsterdam provided a similar role for the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice (AFSJ).95

The ASFJ was a commitment to realize, within five years of the entry into force of the Treaty of Amsterdam, an area without internal borders controls and with common external borders. This Area was to include common measures in the fields of immigration, asylum and the rights of non-EU nationals. It was also to involve judicial cooperation in civil and criminal matters and police cooperation.96

To realize the AFSJ, the Treaty of Amsterdam first integrated the Schengen Agreements into the legal framework of the TEU. These agreements, signed in 1985 and the 1990, committed all Member States — other than Ireland and United Kingdom — to realizing an area without internal border controls and with common external frontiers. A Protocol integrating the Schengen Acquis into the framework of the European Union was adopted, which made the Schengen Agreements, and the implementing decisions taken under these agreements, part of the Union law.97 The AFSJ reoriented the mission of the Union more strongly around the pursuit of certain political ideals.


95 See the Treaty of Amsterdam, available on: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/topics/treaty/pdf/amst-en.pdf last visited on 27 December 2008.

96 Dominian [sic] Chalmes [sic], Cristos Hadijemmanui [sic], Giogion [sic] Monti, Adam Tomkins, European Union Law, Cambridge 2006, p. 32.

97 Ibid, p. 32.

(a) Area of Freedom, Security and Justice

If the central monuments of the SEA and the TEU were the internal market and EMU, respectively, then the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice occupied a similar place for the Treaty of Amsterdam.86

The Area of Freedom, Security and Justice (AFSJ) was a commitment to realise, within five years of the entry into force of the Treaty of Amsterdam, an area without internal border controls and with common external borders. This area was to include common measures in the fields of immigration, asylum and the rights of non-EU nationals. It was also to involve judicial cooperation in civil and criminal matters and police cooperation.

To realise the AFSJ, the Treaty of Amsterdam, first, integrated the Schengen Agreements into the legal framework of the TEU. As mentioned earlier, these agreements, signed in 1985 and 1990, committed all Member States, other than Ireland and the United Kingdom, to realising an area without internal border controls and with common external frontiers. A Protocol integrating the Schengen Acquis into the framework of the European Union was adopted, which made the Schengen Agreements and the implementing decisions taken under these agreements, part of Union law. [...]

Finally, the AFSJ reoriented the mission of the Union more strongly around the maintenance of certain political ideals.


86 The Area of Freedom, Security and Justice has been much modified since the Treaty of Amsterdam. Its central elements are analysed further in chapter 14.

Anmerkungen

The source is given in footnotes 96 and 97, but the extent of the copied text does not become clear to the reader and neither does the literal character of the copying.

Note that the authors of the source are named Damian Chalmers, Christos Hadjiemmanuil, Giorgio Monti, and Adam Tomkins.

Sichter
(Hindemith), SleepyHollow02, WiseWoman


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