FANDOM


European Integration and the Western Balkans

von Prof. Dr. Avni Mazrreku

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[1.] Ama/Fragment 064 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2017-11-21 13:22:45 Schumann
Ama, Economist 2008, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
SleepyHollow02
Gesichtet
Yes
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 64, Zeilen: 1-3
Quelle: Economist 2008
Seite(n): 1 (online source), Zeilen: 0
[Many] politicians and commentators, notably in Germany, have demanded that a second Irish referendum on Lisbon Treaty must ask voters a tough question, namely: Do you want the Treaty of Lisbon, or do you want to leave the EU? Many politicians and commentators, notably in Germany, have demanded that a second Irish referendum on Lisbon must ask voters a tough question, namely: do you want Lisbon, or do you want to leave the EU?
Anmerkungen

The source is not given. Continuation from previous page.

Sichter
(SleepyHollow02), WiseWoman

[2.] Ama/Fragment 064 03 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2017-11-21 13:09:23 Schumann
Ama, Chopin Jamet 2008, Fragment, Gesichtet, KomplettPlagiat, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop

Typus
KomplettPlagiat
Bearbeiter
Hindemith
Gesichtet
Yes
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 64, Zeilen: 3-20
Quelle: Chopin Jamet 2008
Seite(n): 1 (online source), Zeilen: -
The Irish referendum's NO to the Lisbon Treaty has been a forceful reminder on how the EU is perpetually threatened with paralysis whenever a unanimous decision is needed. Institutional reform is among the most striking examples of this, not least because it would have the effect of expanding Union's decision-making powers by introducing more qualified majority voting. The Unanimity problem also applies to areas like defence, immigration, energy, taxation, the protection of intellectual property, foreign policy and police and judicial cooperation. In all these cases, it can often be very hard to reach a consensus between 27 Member States and that inevitably impedes the whole process of European Integration. The logical conclusion of all this is that while it is essential to recognize the individual circumstances of any one Member State, the time has come to establish a decision-making framework that will allow progress to be made by those EU states that are able to agree on common actions.

The EU's history clearly shows that differentiated integration — both within and outside the framework of Treaties — is a practical proposition. The Euro, Schengen, Space Policy, and inter-governmental cooperation on industrial policy matters, are just e [sic] few examples of this.

The Irish referendum’s “no” to the Lisbon treaty has been a forceful reminder of how the EU is perpetually threatened with paralysis whenever a unanimous decision is needed. Institutional reform is among the most striking examples of this, not least because it would have the effect of expanding the Union’s decision-making powers by introducing more qualified majority voting.

The unanimity problem also applies to areas like defence, immigration, energy, taxation, the protection of intellectual property, foreign policy and police and judicial cooperation. In all of these cases, it can often be very hard to reach a consensus between 27 member states, and that inevitably impedes the whole process of European integration. The logical conclusion of all this is that while it is essential to recognise the individual circumstances of any one member state, the time has come to establish a decision-making framework that will allow progress to be made by those EU states that are able to agree on common actions.

The EU’s history clearly shows that differentiated integration – both within and outside the framework of treaties – is a practical proposition. The euro, Schengen, space policy, and inter-governmental cooperation on industrial policy matters, are just a few examples of this.

Anmerkungen

The source is not given.

Sichter
(Hindemith), SleepyHollow02, WiseWoman

[3.] Ama/Fragment 064 22 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2017-11-21 13:06:39 Schumann
Ama, Boka 2008, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Hindemith
Gesichtet
Yes
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 64, Zeilen: 22-41
Quelle: Boka 2008
Seite(n): 1 (online source), Zeilen: -
Supra-nationalism is the main achievement of the European integration process since 1950. Theoretically, it is based on the personal principle as well as the principle of autonomy and decentralization. States are built bottom up based on the approach of transferring competences when needed (principle of subsidiarity). Supra-nationalism represents an organized cooperation among states under independent supra-national institutions, with states losing their sovereignty in areas they choose to transfer.

In reality the EU is a new type of inter-governmental/supra-national union state, characterized by the dichotomies arising from both being supra-national and inter-governmental. How to safeguard supra-nationalism represents a challenge for the supporters of the European Union. There is a lack of strong and efficient European supra-national governance responsible to the European citizens. Citizens cannot think in terms of a larger EU, and therefore they cannot express their European interests.

Recently, the Treaty of Lisbon reinforced the values and objectives of the European Union. It took forward a number of constitutional innovations. The most important of those were:

- a permanent president,

- greater powers to the European Parliament,

- a legally binding citizens rights charter,

Supranationalism is the main achievement of the European integration process from 1950. Theoretically, it is based on the personal principle as well as the principle of autonomy and decentralization. States are built bottom up based on the approach of transferring competences when needed (principle of subsidiarity).

Supranationalism represents an organised cooperation among states under independent supranational institutions, loosing their sovereignty in the areas they choose to transfer.

[...]

In reality the EU is a new type of an intergovernmental-supranational union of states, characterised by the dichotomy of supranational versus intergovernmental. How to safeguard supranationalism represents a challenge for the supporters of the European Union.

[...]

Recently the heads of states or governments of the European Union could find an agreement in the form of the Treaty of Lisbon. The Treaty of Lisbon reinforces the values and objectives of the European Union. It takes over most of the constitutional innovations. The most important of those are:

  • a permanent president
  • a foreign minister
  • greater powers to the EP
  • a legally binding citizens rights charter

[...]

There is a lack of strong and efficient European supranational governance, responsible to the European citizens. Citizens cannot think in terms of a larger EU, and therefore they cannot express their European interests.

Anmerkungen

The source is not given.

Sichter
(Hindemith), SleepyHollow02, WiseWoman


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