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European Integration and the Western Balkans

von Prof. Dr. Avni Mazrreku

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[1.] Ama/Fragment 069 09 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2017-11-02 00:43:39 Hindemith
Ama, Armstrong 2003, BauernOpfer, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop

Typus
BauernOpfer
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 69, Zeilen: 9-31
Quelle: Armstrong 2003
Seite(n): 327, 328, 335, 344, Zeilen: 327:2-3.7-17; 328:2ff.; 335:19-23; 344:6-9
3. United Kingdom

There is a clear division of views on what it meant by sovereignty in the United Kingdom. Notwithstanding the ease with which the UK courts have, by and large, adapted to the UK's membership of the European Community/Union, the interpretation offered of how constitutionally this has been achieved and whether there has been a constitutional revolution in terms of our understanding of sovereignty is still debated. An overview of this debate in UK could be drawn in four perspectives that shape understanding of sovereignty in UK — the orthodox view, the 'common law approach', pluralist approaches and sceptical approaches.260 The orthodox view puts in the centre the sovereignty of the Parliament as a centralised political power and is understood as having the following consequences:261

- Validity: Laws enacted by Parliament are due to be considered to be legally valid and enforceable.

- Priority: It is the duty of the courts to apply the latest will of the Parliament over and above any other inconsistent rule of law, including common law rules.

- Continuity: Sovereignty is continued and cannot be legally limited.

A different approach to the question of legal authority can be seen in what will be termed here as the 'common law approach'. In short, the common law approach has sought to develop a perspective in which the common law is itself a source of legal authority. The nature of the pluralist approaches consider what is said about the nature of sovereignty in general and about what is happening to sovereignty in the UK in particular.262


260 See Armstrong, Kenneth, United Kingdom — Divided on Sovereignty?, in: Neil Walker (ed.), Sovereignty in Transition, 2003, pp. 327-350.

261 Ibid., pp. 328-350.

262 Ibid., pp. 343-348.

[page 327]

14 United Kingdom - Divided on Sovereignty

[...] And yet at the same time there is a clear division of views on what it means to talk of sovereignty in the UK. Notwithstanding the ease with which the UK courts have, by and large, adapted to the UK's membership of the European Community/Union (EC/EU), the interpretations offered of how - constitutionally - this has been achieved, and, whether there has been a constitutional revolution in terms of our understanding of sovereignty, differ markedly between authors. The aim of this chapter is to provide an overview of these debates in the UK. It draws out four perspectives that shape our understanding of sovereignty in the UK — the orthodox view, the common law approach, pluralist approaches and sceptical approaches.

[page 328]

A. The Orthodox View

At the centre of British orthodox constitutionalism lies the sovereignty of the Parliament. It is a unitary concept of sovereignty: unitary legal authority premised upon centralised political authority expressed through the will of Parliament. It is understood as having the following consequences:

Validity - laws enacted by Parliament are to be considered to be legally valid and enforceable;

Priority - it is the duty of the courts to apply the latest will of the Parliament over and above any other inconsistent rule of law, including common law rules;

Continuity - sovereignty is continuous and cannot be legally limited.2

[page 335]

B. The Common Law Approach

A different approach to the question of legal authority can be seen in what will be termed here as the 'common law' approach. In short, the common law approach has sought to develop a perspective in which the common law is itself a source of legal authority.

[page 344]

In this section, we consider pluralist approaches and what they tell us about the nature of sovereignty in general and what is happening to sovereignty in the UK in particular.


2 On whether Parliament can bind itself as to the form and manner of future legislative enactment, see Bradley, ibid.

Anmerkungen

Though the source is repeatedly mentioned, each time it is only given in general. Nevertheless nothing has been marked as a citation even though the concrete take-over mostly is word for word.

The list might be considered a legitimate citation, although there are marked differences to the original text.

The take-over from page 344 becomes totally jumbled so that the meaning of the new sentence remains in the dark.

Continued on the following page.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan), SleepyHollow02


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