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European Integration and the Western Balkans

von Prof. Dr. Avni Mazrreku

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[1.] Ama/Fragment 079 04 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2017-11-08 23:03:29 Schumann
Ama, BauernOpfer, Fragment, Gesichtet, Piris 2006, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop

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BauernOpfer
Bearbeiter
Hindemith
Gesichtet
Yes
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 79, Zeilen: 4-9
Quelle: Piris 2006
Seite(n): 1, Zeilen: 2 ff.
Sixty years is a very short time in history. For thousands of years in Europe, through the Greeks and Romans, the Normans and the Germans, never mind the British and the French, the peoples of Europe have constantly waged war on each other. During the last century alone, from 1914 until 1918 and from 1939 until 1945, merciless wars inflamed the European continent causing hatred and massive destruction, leaving its people bled dry and prey to starvation.289

289 Jean-Claude Piris, The Constitution for Europe. A legal analysis, Cambridge 2006, p. 1.

In the time-scale of history, sixty years is very short. For centuries, ever since the Greeks and the Romans, since the Normans and the Germans, not to mention the British and the French, the peoples of Europe have constantly waged war on each other. During the last century alone, from 1914 until 1918 and from 1939 until 1945, merciless wars inflamed the European continent causing hatred and massive destruction, leaving its peoples bled white and prey to starvation.
Anmerkungen

The source is given at the end of one sentence, but it is not made clear how close these three sentences are to the source. Note that "centuries" become "thousands of years".

Sichter
(Hindemith), SleepyHollow02, WiseWoman

[2.] Ama/Fragment 079 18 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2017-11-21 13:07:52 Schumann
Ama, Fragment, Gesichtet, Historiasiglo20 2008, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

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Verschleierung
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Hindemith
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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 79, Zeilen: 18-32 (-38)
Quelle: Historiasiglo20 2008
Seite(n): 1 (online source), Zeilen: -
— Firstly, the European's awareness of their weakness. Second World War had put a definitive end to traditional European hegemony in the world. The two new superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union had hugely superior economic, political and military might than the heterogeneous group of European States.

— Secondly, the conviction that it was necessary to avoid, by all possible means, further confrontation between European States. The two world wars had begun as European civil wars and Europe had been the main battlefield in both. The European Integration would pave the way to guarantee the peace.

— Thirdly, the increased desire among many Europeans to create a freer, fairer and more prosperous continent in which the international relationships were developed in a framework of concord.

As mentioned on the first chapter of this paper, it was the former British Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, in 1946 at Zurich University (Switzerland), who said: "I wish to speak to you today about the tragedy of Europe, (...) yet all the while there is a remedy which, if it were generally and spontaneously adopted by the great majority of people in many lands, would, as if by a miracle, transform the whole scene, and would in a few years make all Europe, or the greater part of it, as free and as happy as Switzerland today. What is this sovereign remedy? It is to recreate the European Family, or as much of it as we can, and to provide it with a structure under which it can dwell in peace, in safety and [in freedom].

Firstly, the Europeans' awareness of their own weakness. Second World War had put a definitive end to the traditional European hegemony in the world. The two new superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union, had a very superior economic, political and military might than the heterogeneous group of European States.

Secondly, the conviction that it was necessary to avoid, by all possible means, coming back to a confrontation among European States. The two world wars had begun as European civil wars and our continent had been the main battle field in both. Essentially, it was a question of searching an accommodation between France and Germany. A compromise that would be endorsed by the USA. The European integration will paved the way to guarantee peace.

Thirdly, the extended desire among many Europeans to create a freer, fairer and more prosperous continent in which the international relationships were developed in a framework of concord.

In 1946, the former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill pronounced a celebrated speech at Zurich University (Switzerland). It was considered by many people as the first step towards European integration in the postwar period.

Winston Churchill

"I wish to speak to you today about the tragedy of Europe. (...) Yet all the while there is a remedy which, if it were generally and spontaneously adopted by the great majority of people in many lands, would as if by a miracle transform the whole scene, and would in a few years make all Europe, or the greater part of it, as free and as happy as Switzerland is today. What is this sovereign remedy? It is to recreate the European Family, or as much of it as we can, and to provide it with a structure under which it can dwell in peace, in safety and in freedom.

Anmerkungen

The source is only given on the next page without indication as to how close the text overlap is.

Sichter
(Hindemith), SleepyHollow02, WiseWoman


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