FANDOM


European Integration and the Western Balkans

von Prof. Dr. Avni Mazrreku

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[1.] Ama/Fragment 080 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2017-11-21 13:23:08 Schumann
Ama, Fragment, Gesichtet, Historiasiglo20 2008, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

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Verschleierung
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SleepyHollow02
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Yes
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We must build a kind of United States of Europe; (....) the first step in the recreation of the European Family must be a partnership between France and Germany".291 This speech has been considered by many people as the first step towards European integration in the post war period.

The first step in the process of the foundation of the European Community was provided by the French Foreign Minister, Robert Schuman. In a speech inspired by Jean Monnet, Schuman proposed that France and Germany — and any other European Country wishing to join them — should pool their coal and steel resources. This plan of economic integration focused on locking in the common interests of France and Germany, as the vehicle for indefinitely casting aside the spectre of further war in Europe.


291 Churchill, Winston, Speech at Zurich University in Switzerland, 19 September 1946.

We must build a kind of United States of Europe. (...) The first step in the recreation of the European Family must be a partnership between France and Germany."

Winston Churchill Speech at Zurich University 19th September 1946

[...]

The first step in the process of foundation of the European Community was given by the French Foreign Minister, Robert Schuman. In a speech inspired by Jean Monnet, Schuman proposed that France and Germany and any other European country wishing to join them pool their coal and steel resources. This plan of economic integration looked for developing the approach between France and Germany, moving definitively away the haunt of war in Europe.

Anmerkungen

The source is only given in reference 292 further down the page without indication to what extent the text overlaps.

Sichter
(SleepyHollow02), WiseWoman

[2.] Ama/Fragment 080 18 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2017-11-21 13:08:17 Schumann
Ama, BauernOpfer, Fragment, Gesichtet, Historiasiglo20 2008, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop

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Hindemith
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The American government was convinced that obstacles to free trade, spread after the 1929 slump and which rose to maximum expression in the Nazi and Fascist autarchy, had been largely responsible for the international tensions that led to the Second World War. The implementation of a free trade policy became a basic condition for any country to receive the so-desired American economic aid. Further, the world witnessed the beginning of the Cold War. The United States, applying the Truman Doctrine to curb the expansion of communism and the Soviet Union, launched the "Marshall Plan" to alleviate the difficulties of European Countries. It had a clear focus to foster economic development in a destroyed Europe with the political objective of impeding the extension of communism.292

The USA promoted the foundation of a centralized European Organization that administered and organized the delivery of the massive economic assistance of the Marshall Plan. In 1948, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) was established with this aim. This was one of first institutions that involved most of the Western European countries. OECD helped to liberalize trade amongst Member States, introduced ideas in favour of monetary agreements and enhanced economic cooperation. In 1949, following another [American initiative, most of the Western European democratic states founded — alongside the USA and Canada — NATO, the great Western military alliance to confront the Soviet Union.]


292 From the end of the war to Schuman Declaration (1945 — 1950), available on: http://www.historiasiglo20.org/europe/anteceden2.htm, last visited on 15 January 2009.

The American government was convinced that obstacles to free trade, spread after the 1929 slump and risen to its maximum expression in the Nazi and Fascist autarchy, had been largely responsible of the international tensions that led to the Second World War. The implementation of a free trade policy became a basic condition for any country to receive the so desired American economic aid.

Moreover, in that time the world witnessed the beginning of Cold War. The United States, applying the denominated Truman Doctrine to curb the expansion of communism and of the Soviet Union, launched the Marshall Plan to alleviate the difficulties of European countries. It was to foster economic development in a destroyed Europe with the political objective of impeding the extension of the communism.

The USA promoted the foundation of a centralised European organization that administered and organised the delivery of the massive economic help of the Plan Marshall. In 1948, the Organisation for European Economic Cooperation (OEEC) was established with this aim. This was one of the first institutions that involved a great part of Western European countries. OEEC helped to liberalise the trade among the member States, introduced ideas in favour of monetary agreements and enhanced economic cooperation.

In 1949, following again an American initiative, most of Western European democratic States founded, alongside the USA and Canada, the NATO, the great Western military alliance confronted with the Soviet Union.

Anmerkungen

The source is given in reference 292, but nothing has been marked as a citation, although the text is extremely close. Note that the OEEC was not renamed OECD until 1961 [1].

Sichter
(Hindemith), SleepyHollow02, WiseWoman


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