FANDOM


European Integration and the Western Balkans

von Prof. Dr. Avni Mazrreku

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[1.] Ama/Fragment 084 05 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2017-06-29 21:24:18 WiseWoman
Ama, BauernOpfer, Fragment, Gesichtet, Kaczorowska 2008, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop

Typus
BauernOpfer
Bearbeiter
Hindemith
Gesichtet
Yes
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 84, Zeilen: 5-26
Quelle: Kaczorowska 2008
Seite(n): 10, Zeilen: 5 ff.
The main objective of the European Atomic Energy Treaty, as indicated in Article 1, was to create "the conditions necessary for the speedy establishment and growth of nuclear energies". The tasks of the EA were laid down in Article 2 that can be summarized as following:

- promotion of research and dissemination of technical information regarding atomic energy,

- promotion of investments,

- equitable supply of ores and nuclear fuels,

- security of nuclear materials,

- international promotion of peaceful uses of nuclear energy, and

- creation of a common market in this area.

The Institutional framework set up by the EA Treaty is identical to that of the EC Treaty. Euratom's main success has been in the area of the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons. Apart from that, it has no real impact on the nuclear industry, which remains within the national domain of each Member State, or on nuclear research, with the exception of nuclear fusion. Further, the EA Treaty has not evolved in the same way as the EC Treaty. Its fundamental provisions have remained substantially unchanged. As a result, Euratom has many weaknesses.

Its objective of developing nuclear energy has become obsolete given that, of 27 Member States, 11 had never had any nuclear production, Italy has abolished it, and Belgium, Germany, Spain, and Sweden are working on phase-out.301


301 Kaczorowska, Alina, European Union Law, Philadelphia 2009, p. 10.

The main objective of the European Atomic Energy Community Treaty (EA Treaty) (as indicated in Article 1 EA) was to create “the conditions necessary for the speedy establishment and growth of nuclear industries”.19 Its tasks were laid down in Article 2 EA and encompass:

■ The promotion of research and dissemination of technical information regarding atomic energy;

■ The establishment of uniform standards for health and safety;

■ The promotion of investment;

■ The equitable supply of ores and nuclear fuels;

■ The security of nuclear materials;

■ The international promotion of peaceful uses of nuclear energy; and

■ The creation of a common market in this area.

The institutional framework set up by the EA Treaty is identical to that of the EC Treaty. The Euratom’s main success is in the area of non-proliferation of nuclear weapons. Apart from that, it has had no real impact on the nuclear industry, which remains within the national domain of each Member State, or on nuclear research, with the exception of nuclear fusion. Further, the EA Treaty has not evolved in the same way as has the EC Treaty. Its fundamental provisions have remained substantially unamended. Its fundamental provisions have remained substantially unamended. As a result, the Euratom suffers many failings:

■ Its objective of developing nuclear energy has become obsolete given that out of 27 Member States 11 never had any nuclear production at all, Italy has abolished it, and Belgium, Germany, Spain and Sweden are working on a phase-out;

Anmerkungen

The source is given, but the reader is unaware that the entire section is taken from it.

Sichter
(Hindemith), SleepyHollow02, WiseWoman

[2.] Ama/Fragment 084 28 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2017-10-12 18:41:18 Hindemith
Ama, Europedia 2007, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Hindemith, Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 84, Zeilen: (27), 28-36
Quelle: Europedia 2007
Seite(n): 1 (online source), Zeilen: -
c) The Concept of the Internal Market

The creation of a single European economic area based on a common market was the fundamental objective of the Treaty of Rome. Article 2 of that Treaty stipulated: "The Community shall have its task, by establishing a common market and progressively approximating the economic policies of Member States, to promote throughout the Community a harmonious development of economic activities, a continuous and balanced expansion, an increase in stability, an accelerated raising of the standard of living and closer relations between the States belonging to it". It is obvious that the common market was not an end in itself, but a means to achieve economic and political goals.

6. The EU common market

[...]

The creation of a single European economic area based on a common market was the fundamental objective of the Treaty of Rome [see section 2.1.]. Article 2 of that Treaty set out that objective as follows: "The Community shall have as its task, by establishing a common market and progressively approximating the economic policies of Member States, to promote throughout the Community a harmonious development of economic activities, a continuous and balanced expansion, an increase in stability, an accelerated raising of the standard of living and closer relations between the States belonging to it". It is obvious that the common market was not an end in itself, but a means to achieve economic and political goals.

Anmerkungen

The source is not given.

The literal quote in the thesis leaves out the word "as", making it grammatically incorrect.

Sichter
(Hindemith), (Graf Isolan), SleepyHollow02


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