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European Integration and the Western Balkans

von Prof. Dr. Avni Mazrreku

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[1.] Ama/Fragment 097 03 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2017-07-02 13:04:29 WiseWoman
Ama, BauernOpfer, Fragment, Gesichtet, Piris 2006, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop

Typus
BauernOpfer
Bearbeiter
Hindemith
Gesichtet
Yes
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 97, Zeilen: 3-28
Quelle: Piris 2006
Seite(n): 43, Zeilen: 43: 11 ff.
During the second half of 2001, the Belgian Presidency decided to work intensively in order to answer the four questions put by the Nice Declaration on the Future of the Union, which were:

- how to establish and monitor a more precise delimitation of the competences between the European Union and its Member States, reflecting the principle of subsidiarity;

- the status to be given to the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the Union;

- a simplification of the Treaties with a view to making them clearer and better understood without changing their meaning;

- the role of the national parliaments in the European architecture.

One year after the Nice Declaration in 2000, in December 2001, the European Council adopted the Laeken Declaration.343 This Declaration was adopted against the background of decreasing interest of public opinion in the Member States for European integration. It contained a number of statements such as "the Union needs to become more democratic, more transparent and more efficient"344 and it should resolve "three basic challenges" which are:

- how to organize the European political area in an enlarged Union,

- how to develop the Union into a stabilizing factor, and

- a model in the new, multipolar world.

The declaration went on to list several questions such as: how to clarify, simplify and adjust the division of competences between the Union and the Member States, whether the Union's various instruments should not be better defined and whether their number should not be reduced, how to increase the democratic legitimacy and transparency of the institutions, how to reorganize and simplify the existing Treaties without changing their content and whether this might not lead in the long run to the adoption of a constitutional text in the Union.345


343 See Annex 1 to the Presidency Conclusions of the European Council, Laeken, 14 and 15 December 2001, Doc. SN 300/1/01 REV 1.

344 Ibid.

345 Jean-Claude Piris, The Constitution for Europe. A legal analysis, Cambridge 2006, p. 44.

Box 2.2 The four questions put by the 2000 Nice Declaration on the Future of the Union

(1) How to establish and monitor a more precise delimitation of competences between the European Union and its Member States, reflecting the principle of subsidiarity;

(2) the status to be given to the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the Union;

(3) a simplification of the Treaties with a view to making them clearer and better understood without changing their meaning;

(4) the role of national Parliaments in the European architecture.

During the second semester of 2001, the then Belgian Presidency decided to work intensively in order to materialise these four questions and to establish a formal procedure which would be innovative enough to find bold solutions to these questions. [...]

One year after the 2000 Nice Declaration, in December 2001, the European Council adopted the ‘Laeken Declaration’14 (hereafter ‘2001 Laeken Declaration’, named after the castle of the King of the Belgians where the European Council held its meeting). This Declaration was

[page 44]

adopted against the background of a decreasing interest of public opinion in the Member States for European integration. It contained a number of statements such as 'The Union needs to become more democratic, more transparent and more efficient’ and that it should resolve ‘three basic challenges’ which are ‘how to bring citizens ... closer to the European design’, ‘how to organise ... the European political area in an enlarged Union and how to develop the Union into a stabilising factor and a model in the new, multipolar world’.

The Declaration went on to list several questions such as ‘how to clarify, simplify and adjust the division of competence between the Union and the Member States’, ‘whether the Union’s various instruments should not be better defined and whether their number should not be reduced’, how to ‘increase the democratic legitimacy and transparency of the institutions’, how to simplify and reorganise the existing Treaties without changing their content and whether this ‘might not lead in the long run to the adoption of a constitutional text in the Union’.


14 See Annex 1 to Presidency Conclusions of the European Council, Laeken, 14 and 15 December 2001, doc. SN 300/1/01 REV 1 (reproduced below as Annex 1).

Anmerkungen

The source is given, but it does not become clear to the reader that the entire section is copied from it.

Sichter
(Hindemith), SleepyHollow02, WiseWoman


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