FANDOM


European Integration and the Western Balkans

von Prof. Dr. Avni Mazrreku

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[1.] Ama/Fragment 103 12 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2017-11-09 17:22:01 Schumann
Ama, BauernOpfer, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Yoder 1997

Typus
BauernOpfer
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 103, Zeilen: 12-33
Quelle: Yoder 1997
Seite(n): 86-87, Zeilen: 86: 18 ff. - 87: 1-9
The success of democratic revolution in Eastern Europe after 1989 encouraged the constitutive federation units359 of the Former Republic of Yugoslavia, which were populated by non-Serbs, to break away from the Serbian-dominated, communist-oriented central government.360 Serious fighting broke out in the summer of 1991, as the northern republics of Slovenia and Croatia declared their independence, and the federal army, controlled and commanded by the Serbian Republic, fought to take over both republics "justifying" its brutal action by reference to "the need for protection" of Serbian minorities in the above mentioned republics.

The international community recognized Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Macedonia as independent states, which changed the nature of the conflicts from civil to international wars.

After European Community representatives failed to achieve a truce in the conflicts, the matter was addressed by the UN Security Council. Cyrus Vance, former U.S Secretary of State, was named as a UN mediator. He negotiated a cease fire and the Security Council placed peacekeeping units, 14,000 persons strong, in Slovenia and Croatia, which become recognized as independent states. Sporadic fighting continued with Serbian irregulars keeping control of some areas supported financially and with munitions by the Republic of Serbia, but effectively Slovenia and Croatia had established their independence.

The focus of fighting then shifted to Bosnia and Herzegovina. It claimed independence and was recognized by many countries, which hoped by recognition to [discourage an attack by the Serbian-dominated, truncated government of the Former Yugoslavia.]


359 Republics and provinces, see the Constitution of the Former Yugoslavia of 1974.

360 Yoder, Amos, The Evolution of the United Nations System, Washington 1996, p. 86.

[page 86]

THE WAR IN YUGOSLAVIA

The success of democratic revolutions in Eastern Europe after 1989 encouraged Yugoslavia' s republics, which were dominated by non-Serbs, to break away from the Serbian-dominated, communist-oriented central government. Serious fighting broke out in the summer of 1991 as the northern republics of Slovenia and Croatia declared their independence, and the federal army, which was dominated by the Serbian Republic, fought to take over Serbian communities in those provinces. Most of the international community, hoping to deter war, recognized Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Macedonia as independent states, so technically the conflicts as they involved these republics became international wars. However, in reality the conflicts were a civil war that arose from the breakup of Yugoslavia.

After European Community representatives failed to achieve a truce in the conflicts, the matter was tirned over to the Security Council. Cyrus Vance, former U.S secretary of state, was named as a UN mediator. He negotiated a cease-fire and the Security Council placed peacekeeping units, 14,000 strong, in the two northern provinces of Slovenia and Croatia, which became recognized as independent states. Sporadic fighting continued with Serbian irregulars keeping control of some areas, but Slovenia and Croatia established their independence.

The focus of fighting then shifted to Bosnia and Herzegovina. It claimed

[page 87]

independence and was recognized by many countries, which hoped to discourage an attack by the Serbian-dominated, truncated government of the former Yugoslavia.

Anmerkungen

Although in most places identical nothing has been marked as a citation. Thus mentioning the source in two places becomes insufficient.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan), SleepyHollow02, Hindemith


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