FANDOM


European Integration and the Western Balkans

von Prof. Dr. Avni Mazrreku

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[1.] Ama/Fragment 104 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2017-11-09 17:23:44 Schumann
Ama, BauernOpfer, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Yoder 1997

Typus
BauernOpfer
Bearbeiter
SleepyHollow02
Gesichtet
Yes
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 104, Zeilen: 1-13
Quelle: Yoder 1997
Seite(n): 86, 87, Zeilen: 86: last line; 87: 1 ff.
[It claimed independence and was recognized by many countries, which hoped by recognition to] discourage an attack by the Serbian-dominated, truncated government of the Former Yugoslavia. The State of Bosnia and Herzegovina consisted of three major ethnic groups: Muslims 40 %, Serbs 33 % and Croats 18 %. In a referendum boycotted by the Serbs, an overwhelming majority voted for independence, but military units of Serbs attacked, aiming to absorb Bosnia and Herzegovina or at least its Serbian communities, into a greater Serbia. The Serbian military units were supported by the remaining part of Yugoslavia, although that government disclaimed responsibility.361 Serbs used the term "ethnic cleansing" to describe their ruthless policy of attacking civilians and forcing them to flee from homes in areas claimed by the Serbs. The Muslims and Croats controlling Bosnian government fought back. In places Croats, supported by the Republic of Croatia, and Muslims attacked each other as they pursued competing claims to areas of Bosnian.362

360 Yoder, Amos, The Evolution of the United Nations System, Washington 1996, p. 86.

361 Ibid., p.87.

362 See more about Bosnia and Herzegovina in subchapter 5 and 6 of this part.

It claimed

[page 87]

independence and was recognized by many countries, which hoped to discourage an attack by the Serbian-dominated, truncated government of the former Yugoslavia. The new state of Bosnia and Herzegovina consisted of three major ethnic groups -- Moslems 40 percent; Serbs, 33 percent; and Croats, 18 percent. In a referendum boycotted by the Serbs, an overwhelming majority voted for independence, but military units of Serbs attacked, aiming to absorb Bosnia and Herzegovina, or at least its Serbian communities, into a greater Serbia. The Serbian military units were supported by the truncated Yugoslavia, although that government disclaimed responsibility. Serbs used the term "ethnic cleansing" to describe their ruthless policy of attacking civilians and forcing them to flee from homes in areas claimed by the Serbs. The Moslems and Croats controlling the Bosnian government fought back. In places Croats, supported by the Republic of Croatia, and Moslems attacked each other as they staked claims to Bosnian areas.

Anmerkungen

The source is given, but nothing has been marked as a citation -- the extent of the copying does not become clear to the reader.

Sichter
(SleepyHollow02), Hindemith

[2.] Ama/Fragment 104 16 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2017-11-09 17:27:20 Schumann
Ama, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung, Xhaferaj 2002

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 104, Zeilen: 16-33
Quelle: Xhaferaj 2002
Seite(n): 42, 43, Zeilen: 42:9-10.13-16.107-109; 43:17-20
II. The Role of the EU and the EU Member States in the Wars in the Territory of Former Yugoslavia

During the Cold War era, the Balkans became a sort of a buffer zone in relations between the two major power blocks. Although present in the Balkans throughout the era, the two leading powers — the United States and the Soviet Union — determined that held the most important line of confrontation was that dividing the two German States. This so-called central front was the priority, whilst the Balkans were left to a controlled development within the two blocks, with two non-block states.

Maintenance of the balance in overall relations in European space implied the requirement for stability in the Balkans. Yugoslavia was left with a leading role in the non-alignment policy, and Albania, after its friendship with China ended, entered a grey zone of minor interest.

The end of the Cold War clearly showed that this region was filled with crisis, with no mechanism that could act in the direction of resolving conflicts. The Cold War era, with relatively minimal security-political forms of overall cooperation in the Balkans, had left all the Balkan states standing alone in search of stabilising their positions.

[page 42]

A. THE IMPACT OF THE COLLAPSE OF BIPOLARITY ON THE DISINTEGRATION OF YUGOSLAVIA

During the Cold War era, the Balkans became a sort of tampon zone in relations between the two blocks.122 [...] Maintenance of balance in overall relations in European space implied the stability in Balkans, where each of the two great powers provided security for their own allies while Yugoslavia was left with a leading role in the non-alignment policy.

[page 43]

Thus, the end of the Cold War clearly showed that the region was unsuplied with mechanisms of crisis prevention or resolution, and all the Balkan states were left standing alone in search for their new security umbrella.


122 The most important line of confrontation between the two leading powers – USA and USSR — was that dividing the two German states. Thus, the central front was a priority, while the Balkans was left to a controlled development between the two great powers, with two non -block states, Albania and Yugoslavia.

Anmerkungen

No source given; nothing has been marked as a citation.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan), SleepyHollow02, Hindemith


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