FANDOM


European Integration and the Western Balkans

von Prof. Dr. Avni Mazrreku

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[1.] Ama/Fragment 112 03 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2017-11-09 17:44:52 Schumann
Ama, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Toal et al 2006, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Hindemith
Gesichtet
Yes
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 112, Zeilen: 3-14, 101-109
Quelle: Toal et al 2006
Seite(n): 61, 62, Zeilen: 61: last lines; 62: 1 ff.
The agreement established what has been described as one of the most complicated and wasteful systems of government ever devised, namely a weak and meagre central government (the BiH State), two state-like ethno-nationalist entities (Republica Srpska and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina)378, 10 cantons within the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (three dominated by Bosnian Croats, five by Bosniaks, and two contested) and 142 local municipalities. In 1991, BiH had a population of 4.37 million people, 43.5 % of whom declared themselves "Muslims" (now termed Bosniaks), 31.2 % Serbs, and 17.4 % Croats, which comprised the Republic's three "constituent peoples". Before the war, the Yugoslav Republic of BiH had a central governance structure in Sarajevo and local ones encompassing 109 municipalities. After Dayton, instead of having one constitution, the new BiH had 13.379

378 The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina was founded in Washington 1994. While it reflected the goals of moderate Croats, it was a bitter disappointment to hard-line Croat nationalists, in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina, who wanted a separate Bosnia Croat homeland of Herzeg Bosna. Creating three cantons that were Croat dominated reflected an effort to place this group, but most were unhappy that Dayton did not establish a third Croat entity.

379 In addition to the Constitution for the State of BiH and its two entities, each of the 10 cantons drafted its own Constitution, and soon thereafter there were 13 "Ministries" in charge of similar portfolios.

The agreement established what has been described as “one of the most complicated and wasteful systems of government ever devised,”3 namely a weak and meager central

[page 62]

government (the BiH state), two state-like ethnonationalist entities (Republika Srpska and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina4), 10 cantons within the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (three dominated by Bosnian Croats, five by Bosniaks, and two contested), and 142 local municipalities (općine/opštine; Fig. 1). In 1991, BiH had a population of 4.37 million, 43.5 percent of whom declared themselves “Muslims” (now termed Bosniaks), 31.2 percent Serbs, and 17.4 percent Croats, who comprised the republic’s three “constituent peoples.” Before the war, the Yugoslav Republic of BiH had a central governance structure

[page 63]

in Sarajevo and a local one encompassing 109 municipalities. After Dayton, instead of having one constitution, the new BiH had 13.5


3 The description is that of Traynor (2005).

4 The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina was founded in Washington in 1994. While it reflected the goals of moderate Croats, it was a bitter disappointment to hardline Croat nationalists, in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina, who wanted a separate Bosnian Croat homeland of Herzeg Bosna. Creating three cantons that were Croat dominated reflected an effort to placate this group, but most were unhappy that Dayton did not establish a third, Croat entity.

5 In addition to the constitutions for the state of BiH and its two entities, each of the 10 cantons drafted its own constitution, and soon thereafter there were 13 “ministers” in charge of similar portfolios

Anmerkungen

The source not mentioned anywhere.

Sichter
(Hindemith), SleepyHollow02, WiseWoman

[2.] Ama/Fragment 112 14 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2017-08-25 19:50:41 Hindemith
Ama, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Toal et al 2006, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Hindemith
Gesichtet
Yes
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 112, Zeilen: 14-21
Quelle: Toal et al 2006
Seite(n): 63, Zeilen: 2 ff.
Administratively weak at the centre and politically polarized by ethno-territorial governance, the Dayton Agreement ended the Bosnian War, but at the price of systematic dysfunctionality and incoherence. Written in English by American lawyers seeking agreement among the warring parties and signed abroad by international and regional powers, the Dayton Agreement was an imposed and bitter peace to most Bosnians and Herzegovinians, one with little local ownership and no democratic mandate. Administratively weak at the center and politically polarized by ethnoterritorial governance, the DPA ended the Bosnian war but at the price of systemic dysfunctionality and incoherence. Written in English by American lawyers seeking agreement among the warring parties and signed abroad by international and regional powers, the DPA was an imposed and bitter peace to most Bosnians and Herzegovinians, one with little local ownership and no democratic mandate.6

6 [...]

Anmerkungen

The source has not been mentioned anywhere.

Sichter
(Hindemith), SleepyHollow02, (Hindemith)


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