FANDOM


European Integration and the Western Balkans

von Prof. Dr. Avni Mazrreku

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[1.] Ama/Fragment 136 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2017-07-30 22:12:19 WiseWoman
Ama, Calin 2003, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
SleepyHollow02
Gesichtet
Yes
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 136, Zeilen: 1-9
Quelle: Calin 2003
Seite(n): 18; 36, Zeilen: 18: 16ff; 36: 6 ff.
[An ap-]propriate identification of the challenges to security in the region, supported by well-defined principles of cooperation, is needed to make this endeavour successful. Although the financial efforts made by the European Union in the process of stabilizing the Western Balkans have been impressive, the EU has not yet got a reliable political-military structure in order to effectively manage crisis situations. That is why the decision of the Union to have autonomous decision capability, backed up by military capabilities for action in the field of the Petersburg tasks (as defined in the Amsterdam Treaty), needs to be further developed. [page 18]

An appropriate identification of the challenges to security in the region supported by well-defined principles of cooperation is needed to make this endeavor successful.

[page 36]

Although the financial efforts made by the Union in the process of stabilizing the Balkans have been impressive, the EU has not got yet a reliable political-military structure in order to manage effectively crisis situations. That is why, the decision of the Union to have an autonomous decision capability, backed up by military capabilities for action in the field of the Petersberg tasks (as defined in the Amsterdam Treaty) has to be further supported.

Anmerkungen

The source is not given.

Sichter
(SleepyHollow02), WiseWoman

[2.] Ama/Fragment 136 11 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2017-06-24 20:50:47 WiseWoman
Ama, Fragment, Gesichtet, Medved 2001, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Hindemith
Gesichtet
Yes
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 136, Zeilen: 11-34
Quelle: Medved 2001
Seite(n): 23, 24, 35, 36, Zeilen: 23: 6 ff.; 24: 7 ff.; 35: 30 ff.; 36: 1
The current trends mark an era of globalisation where states are fixed in territory and where membership in societies is becoming increasingly mobile, reaching beyond the boundaries of territory, nationality and citizenship. Additional dimensions to the geography of social relations, that globalisation has brought about, have contributed to an era obsessed with questions of individual and collective identity. In most European societies the treatment of the celebrated "other", the other in us, in our midst and the other clamouring at our doors and shores is an issue extremely high on the political and public agenda. It has often been claimed that there is a need for the development of international standards in the field of nationality, and the need for changes in citizenship rules and practices.

Knowledge on nationality and specifically on laws relating to nationality is generally regarded as specialist. Yet, the legal definition of who belongs, on what terms, to political units — most commonly called nation-states — have inevitably, consciously or not, in combination with various other policies and laws, influenced the sense of national identity. But what is "nationality" and what does the "right to" mean? According to the Council of Europe's definition "nationality" means the legal relationship between a person and a State does not indicate the person's ethnic origin".435 Though terms in which policy objectives are cast differ from country to country, as well areas it targets, policy debates and changes are taking place almost everywhere. In the European Union "fair treatment of third country nationals" has been outlined as one of the essential elements of common migration and asylum policy and further elaborated upon in the communication on Community immigration policy.436


435 European Convention on Nationality, 1997: ETS No. 166, Article 2 (a).

436 Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament on a Community Immigration Policy, COM(2000) 757 final, 22.11.2000.

We live in an era of globalisation where states are fixed in territory and where membership in societies is becoming increasingly mobile, reaching beyond the boundaries of territory, nationality and citizenship. Additional dimensions to the geography of social relations that globalisation has brought about contributed to an era obsessed with questions of individual and collective identity. In most European societies the treatment of the celebrated ‘other’, the other in ourselves, the other in our midst and the other clamouring at our doors and shores is an issue extremely high on the political and public agenda. As indicated in the invitation to the Second European Conference on Nationality, there is a need for the development of international standards in the field of nationality and the need for changes in citizenship rules and practices. [...]

Knowledge on nationality and specifically on laws on nationality is generally regarded as a specialist one. Yet legal definitions of who belongs, and on what terms, to political units most commonly called nation-states have inevitably, consciously or not, in combination with various other policies and laws, influenced the sense of national identity.

[page 24]

Everyone has the right to a nationality. But what is ‘nationality’? And what means the ‘right to’? According to the Council of Europe’s definition “ “nationality” means the legal bond between a person and a State and does not indicate the person’s ethnic origin.”4

[page 35]

Though terms in which policy objectives are cast differ from country to country, as well as areas it targets, policy debates and changes are taking place almost everywhere. In the European Union “fair treatment of third country nationals” has been outlined as one of the essential elements of common migration and asylum policy and further elaborated

[page 36]

upon in the communication on Community immigration policy.55


4 European Convention on Nationality, 1997: ETS no.166, Article 2(a).

55 Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament on a Community Immigration Policy, Brussels, 22. November 2000 COM (2000) 757 final (…)

Anmerkungen

The source is not mentioned.

Note that this passage can be found in the chapter: "Conclusions and Perspectives"

Sichter
(Hindemith), SleepyHollow02, WiseWoman

[3.] Ama/Fragment 136 35 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2017-11-21 13:28:38 Schumann
Ama, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung, Wikipedia Citizenship 2008

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
SleepyHollow02, Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 136, Zeilen: 35-37
Quelle: Wikipedia Citizenship 2008
Seite(n): 1 (online source), Zeilen: 0
Citizenship of the European Union was introduced by the Maastricht Treaty, signed in 1992. It exists alongside national citizenship and provides additional rights to nationals of Member States of the European Union. The Maastricht Treaty introduced new phenomena into community primary law — the citizen[ship of the European Union. Article 17 (ex-article 8) TEC says: "Citizenship of the Union is hereby established. Every citizen holding the nationality of a Member State shall be a citizen of the Union" (Maastricht version); "citizenship of the Union shall complement and not replace national citizenship" (Amsterdam amendment).] Citizenship of the European Union was introduced by the Maastricht Treaty signed in 1992. It exists alongside national citizenship and provides additional rights to nationals of Member States of the European Union.

[...]

Article 17 (1) of the amended Treaties of Rome[11] states that

Citizenship of the Union is hereby established. Every person holding the nationality of a Member State shall be a citizen of the Union. Citizenship of the Union shall complement and not replace national citizenship.
Anmerkungen

The source is not given.

Sichter
(SleepyHollow02), (Graf Isolan), Hindemith


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