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Reconsolidation: The effects of dopamine receptors on spreading depression in rat neocortical tissues

von Dr. Anna Maria Haarmann

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[1.] Amh/Fragment 006 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2014-05-06 21:41:59 Schumann
Amh, Fragment, Gesichtet, Gorji 2001, KomplettPlagiat, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop

Typus
KomplettPlagiat
Bearbeiter
Hindemith
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 6, Zeilen: 1-4
Quelle: Gorji 2001
Seite(n): 34, Zeilen: l.col.: 38-43
Conversely, the susceptibility of SD initiation is lowered or the occurrence of SD is prevented in previously susceptible tissue by solution with increased Mg2+ or NaCl, or with the Na+ replaced by certain other cations. SD also is triggered by various modes of mechanical, chemical and electrical stimulation. Conversely, the susceptibility of SD initiation is lowered or the occurrence of SD is prevented in previously susceptible tissue by solution with increased Mg2+ or NaCl, or with the Na+ replaced by certain other cations. SD also is triggered by various modes of mechanical, chemical and electrical stimulation [47].

[...]

Anmerkungen

The source is not mentioned.

The passage starts on the previous page: Amh/Fragment_005_25

Sichter
(Hindemith) Schumann

[2.] Amh/Fragment 006 05 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2014-05-07 17:46:23 Hindemith
Amh, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Somjen 2001, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Schumann
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 6, Zeilen: 5-15
Quelle: Somjen 2001
Seite(n): 1070, Zeilen: l.col: 15ff
The unparalleled increase in extracellular potassium concentration ([K+]o) is accompanied by a precipitous drop in extracellular chloride concentration ([Cl-]o), extracellular sodium concentration ([Na+]o), and extracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]o), suggesting that K+ leaving neurons is exchanged against Na+ and Ca2+ that are entering and increased up to 60 mM. [Ca2+]o decreases from its normal level of 1.2-1.5 mM to <0.3 mM. Cations are not exchanged one for one between intra- and extracellular solutions, for the reduction in [Na+]o is greater than the increase in [K+]o. The concomitant drop in [Cl-]o indicates that some of the Na+ entering the cells is accompanied by Cl. It has been suggested that the deficit in extracellular anions is made up by anions leaving the cytosol. Organic anions, including glutamate, have been shown to be released during SD, although some of the glutamate originates from glial cells. The unparalleled increase in [K+]o (35, 221, 232, 434) is accompanied by a precipitous drop in [Cl-]o, [Na+]o, and [Ca2+]o (78, 124, 128, 187, 281, 283, 373, 448), suggesting that K+ leaving cells is exchanged against Na+ and Ca2+ that are entering (281, 360). [Ca2+]o decreases from its normal level of 1.2-1.5 mM to ,0.3 mM. Cations are not exchanged one for one between intra- and extracellular solutions, for the reduction in [Na+]o is greater than the increase in [K+]o (267). The concomitant drop in [Cl-]o indicates that some of the Na+ entering the cells is accompanied by Cl-. Nicholson (281) suggested that the deficit in extracellular anions is made up by anions leaving the cytosol. Indeed, organic anions, including glutamate, have been shown to be released during SD (71, 81, 395, 397, 420), although some of the glutamate comes from glial cells (170, 171, 394).

[...]

Anmerkungen

No source is given.

Sichter
(Schumann), Hindemith


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