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Analyse:Aal

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Fragmente (Plagiat, gesichtet)

7 Fragmente

[1.] Analyse:Aal/Fragment 007 07 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 27. October 2013, 20:03 Schumann
Erstellt: 18. October 2013, 10:39 (Graf Isolan)
Aal, BauernOpfer, Fragment, Gesichtet, ICIMOD 1998, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel

Typus
BauernOpfer
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 7, Zeilen: 7-16
Quelle: ICIMOD 1998
Seite(n): 1,2, Zeilen: 1:17-18 - 2:1-9
The geography of Pakistan is a profound blend of landscapes varying from plains to deserts, forests, hills and plateaus ranging from the coastal areas of the Arabian sea in the South to high mountain ranges of the sub-continental North: the Himalayas, the Karakorams and the Hindu Kush. The vast and rich irrigated plains of the Indus basin covering vast tracts of the Punjab and Sindh, the deserts of Cholistan (Punjab) and Thar (Sindh), the inter-mountain valleys of the North West Frontier Province (NWFP)1 and the awe-inspiring rugged plateaus of Balochistan and the meeting point of the Himalayas, the Hindu Kush and the Karakoram in the Northern Areas (NA) are some of the most varied features of the country‟s landscape (ICIMOD, 1998).

Geographically, Pakistan lies between 24° and 37° N latitude and 61° and 75° E longitude. It is bordered by China in the North, Arabian sea in the South, Iran in the West, Afghanistan in the North-West and India in the East (ICIMOD, 1998).

[Seite 1]

Pakistan has a great variety of landscapes with a diversified relief. It has all the majestic high mountain ranges of the sub-Continental north: the Himalayas, the

[Seite 2]

Karakorams and the Hindu Kush. The vast and rich irrigated plains of the Indus Basin covering vast tracts of the Panjab and Sindh, the stark deserts of Cholistan (Punjab!) and Thar (Sindh!), the inter-montane valleys of NWFP (North West Frontier Province) and the awe-inspiring rugged plateaus of Balochistan and the meeting point of the Himalayas, the Hindu Kush, and the Karakorams in the Northern areas are some of the most varied features of the country’s landscape.

Geographically, Pakistan lies between 24° and 37° N latitude and 61° and 75° E longitude. It is bordered by China in the north, Arabian Sea in the south, Iran in the west, Afghanistan in the north-west and India in the east (Fig. 1).

Anmerkungen

Art und Umfang der Übernahme bleiben ungekennzeichnet.

Der erste Halbsatz stammt aus der Wikipedia (vgl. Aal/Fragment_007_05).

Sichter
(Graf Isolan) Schumann

[2.] Analyse:Aal/Fragment 009 04 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 27. October 2013, 16:56 Schumann
Erstellt: 18. October 2013, 20:12 (Graf Isolan)
Aal, BauernOpfer, Farooq 2009, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel

Typus
BauernOpfer
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 9, Zeilen: 4-9
Quelle: Farooq 2009
Seite(n): 18, Zeilen: li.Sp. 12-15 - re.Sp. 1-5
There are two principal crop seasons in Pakistan, namely “Kharif”, sowing season of which begins in April-June and harvesting during October-December; and the “Rabi” which begins in October-December and ends in April-May. Rice, sugarcane, cotton, maize, mong, mash, pigeon pea and sorghum are “Kharif” crops while wheat, gram, lentil (masoor), tobacco, rapeseed, barely [sic] and mustard are “Rabi” crops (Economic Survey of Pakistan, 2008-09). There are two principal crop seasons in Pakistan, namely the "Kharif", the sowing season of which begins in April-June and harvesting during October-December; and the "Rabi", which begins in October-December and ends in April-May. Rice, sugarcane, cotton, maize, mong, mash, bajra and jowar are “Kharif" crops while wheat, gram, lentil (masoor), tobacco, rapeseed, barley and mustard are "Rabi" crops.
Anmerkungen

Art und Umfang der Übernahme bleiben ungekennzeichnet.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan) Schumann

[3.] Analyse:Aal/Fragment 009 17 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 27. October 2013, 17:00 Schumann
Erstellt: 18. October 2013, 20:23 (Graf Isolan)
Aal, BauernOpfer, Farooq 2009, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel

Typus
BauernOpfer
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 9, Zeilen: 17-25
Quelle: Farooq 2009
Seite(n): 19, Zeilen: li.Sp. 28ff
The world cotton production is projected to decline by about 10% in 2008-09, to 108.8 million bales2, mainly due to the decline in world cotton areas caused by increased competition from alternative crops. Significant portions of cotton area were diverted to grains and oilseed production due to more attractive prices than cotton. The world yield is also estimated slightly lower mainly due to unfavorable weather. The world yield is projected down to 763 kg per hectare from the record of 788 kg per hectare reached in 2007-08, and this is the second consecutive season of decline in world cotton yield (Economic Survey of Pakistan, 2008-09).

2 One cotton bale contains 480 pounds (218 kgs) of cotton.

World cotton production is projected to decline by about 10 percent in 2008-09, to 108.8 million bales (480 lbs each), mainly due to decline in world cotton area caused by increased competition from alternative crops. Significant portions of cotton area were diverted to grains and oilseed production due to more attractive prices than cotton. The world yield is also estimated slightly down mainly due to unfavorable weather. The world yield is projected down to 763 kilograms per hectare from the record of 788 kilograms per hectare reached in 2007-08. The decline in world cotton area is registered for the second consecutive season.
Anmerkungen

Art und Umfang der Übernahme bleiben ungekennzeichnet.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan) Schumann

[4.] Analyse:Aal/Fragment 010 01 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 26. October 2013, 20:53 Schumann
Erstellt: 18. October 2013, 12:11 (Graf Isolan)
Aal, Banuri 1998, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 10, Zeilen: 1-5
Quelle: Banuri 1998
Seite(n): 9, Zeilen: 23-28
[In Pakistan about 1.3 million farmers (out of total 5 million)] cultivate cotton covering 3 million hectares and 15% of the cultivable area in the country. Cotton and cotton products contribute about 10% to GDP and 60-65% to the foreign exchange earnings of the country (Government of Pakistan, 2006). Taken as a whole, between 30-40% of the cotton ends up as domestic consumption of final products. The remaining is exported as raw cotton, yarn, cloth, and garments. 1.3 million farmers (out of a total of 5 million) cultivate cotton over 3 million hectares, covering 15 per cent of the cultivable area in the country. Cotton and cotton products contribute about 10 per cent to GDP and 55 per cent to the foreign exchange earnings of the country. Taken as a whole, between 30 and 40 per cent of the cotton ends up as domestic consumption of final products. The remaining is exported as raw cotton, yarn, cloth, and garments.
Anmerkungen

Es erfolgt ein unspezifischer Quellenverweis auf eine Internetseite ("Pakistan.com, 2007") am Ende des Absatzes. Art und Umfang der Übernahme bleiben ungekennzeichnet; Banuri (1998) wird hier (noch) nicht erwähnt.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan) Schumann

[5.] Analyse:Aal/Fragment 010 17 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 26. October 2013, 21:00 Schumann
Erstellt: 18. October 2013, 12:37 (Graf Isolan)
Aal, Banuri 1998, BauernOpfer, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel

Typus
BauernOpfer
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 10, Zeilen: 17-27
Quelle: Banuri 1998
Seite(n): 9, 10, Zeilen: 9:29-35; 10:12-13.19-24
Cotton production supports Pakistan's textile sector, comprising about 400 textile mills, 7 million spindles, 27,000 looms in the mill sector (including 15,000 shuttle looms), over 250,000 looms in the non-mill sector, 700 knitwear units, 4,000 garments units (with 200,000 sewing machines), 650 dyeing and finishing units (with finishing capacity of 1,150 million square meters per year), nearly 1,000 ginneries, 300 oil expellers, and 15,000 to 20,000 indigenous, small scale oil expellers (kohlus). Cotton by any measure is Pakistan's most important economic sector (Banuri, 1998). The rate of economic growth is quite closely correlated with the fate of the cotton crop. A bigger crop means a larger volume of exports (both raw and processed products), subsidy to the textile sector, which leads to higher aggregate demand, higher employment, larger fiscal inflows and less pressure on the balance of payment (Banuri, 1998). [Seite 9]

Cotton production supports Pakistan’s largest industrial sector, comprising some 400 textile mills, 7 million spindles, 27,000 looms in the mill sector (including 15,000 shuttleless looms), over 250,000 looms in the non-mill sector, 700 knitwear units, 4,000 garment units (with 200,000 sewing machines), 650 dyeing and finishing units (with finishing capacity of 1,150 million square meters per year), nearly 1,000 ginneries, 300 oil expellers, and 15,000 to 20,000 indigenous, small scale oil expellers (kohlus). It is by any measure Pakistan’s most important economic sector.

[Seite 10]

[...] The rate of economic growth is correlated quite closely with the fate of the cotton crop. [...] In other words, economic activity in the country is associated closely to the performance of the cotton crop. A bigger crop means not only a larger volume of exports (both raw and processed products), but also a subsidy to the textiles sector, leading to higher aggregate demand, higher employment, larger fiscal inflows, less pressure on the balance of payments, and thus less exposure to the dictates of international financial organizations.

Anmerkungen

Art und Umfang der Übernahme bleiben ungekennzeichnet.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan) Schumann

[6.] Analyse:Aal/Fragment 011 25 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 27. October 2013, 17:04 Schumann
Erstellt: 18. October 2013, 20:32 (Graf Isolan)
Aal, BauernOpfer, Farooq 2009, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel

Typus
BauernOpfer
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 11, Zeilen: 25-33
Quelle: Farooq 2009
Seite(n): 19, Zeilen: li.Sp. 23ff
In Pakistan, the Ministry of Food and Agriculture (MINFA) has been working on a two pronged strategy, i.e. developing the technology through indigenous capabilities as well as inviting the multi-national companies to bring in the latest cotton production and protection technologies to enhance the cotton production in the country. In this respect, a letter of intent (LoI) and memorandum of understanding (MoU) have been signed with the Monsanto company for introduction of latest technology (bollgard-II) in the country to maximize cotton production. The National Biosafety Committee (NBC) of Ministry of Environment has also authorized biosafety clearance to eight cotton varieties with bollard-1 trait (Economic Survey of Pakistan, 2008-09). In order to improve per hectare yield of cotton crop, Ministry of Food & Agriculture (MINFA) has been working on a two pronged strategy i.e., developing the technology through indigenous capabilities as well as inviting the Multi-National Companies to bring in the latest cotton production and protection technologies for enhancing cotton production in the country. In this respect, letter of intent (LOI) and memorandum of understanding has been signed with Monsanto company for introduction of latest technology (bollgard-II) in the country to maximize cotton production. National Biosafety Committee (NBC) of Ministry of Environment has also authorized biosafety clearance to eight cotton varieties with bollard-I trait.
Anmerkungen

Art und Umfang der Übernahme bleiben ungekennzeichnet.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan) Schumann

[7.] Analyse:Aal/Fragment 015 03 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 26. October 2013, 20:48 Schumann
Erstellt: 18. October 2013, 15:08 (Graf Isolan)
Aal, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel, Verschleierung, Wikipedia Punjab Pakistan 2009

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 15, Zeilen: 3-28
Quelle: Wikipedia Punjab Pakistan 2009
Seite(n): 1 (Internetquelle), Zeilen: -
The name Punjab literally translates from the Persian words Panj meaning five and Ab meaning water. Thus Punjab can be translated as five waters - and hence the land of the five rivers, referring to the Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas and Sutlej (Pakistan Encyclopedia, 2009).

The province is mainly a fertile region along the river valleys, while sparse deserts can be found near the border with Balochistan province and India. The region contains the Thal and Cholistan deserts. The landscape is amongst the most heavily irrigated on earth and canals can be found throughout the province. Weather extremes are notable from the hot and barren South to the cool hills of the North. The foothills of the Himalayas are found in the extreme North as well.

Most areas in Punjab experience fairly cool winters, often accompanied by rain. By mid-February the temperature begins to rise; spring time weather continues until mid-April, when the summer heat sets in. The onset of the Southwest monsoon is anticipated to reach Punjab by June. Despite its dry climate, extensive irrigation makes it a rich agricultural region. Its canal-irrigation system (established by the British) is the largest in the world. Wheat is the main food crop, while cotton and rice are important cash crops that contribute substantially to the national exchequer. Other crops include sugarcane, millet, corn, oilseeds, pulses, fruits and vegetables. Livestock and poultry production also contribute substantially to Pakistan agriculture.

Punjab contributes about 68% to the annual food grain production in the country, about 51 million acres (210,000 km2) are cultivated and another 9.1 million acres (36,600 km2) are lying as cultivable waste in different parts of the province. Attaining self-sufficiency in agriculture has shifted the focus of the strategies towards small and medium farming, stress on rain fed areas, farm-to-market roads, electrification for tubewells and control of water logging and salinity.

The name Punjab literally translates from the Persian[2] words Pañj (پنج), meaning Five, and Āb (آب) meaning Water. Thus Punjab can be translated as (the) Five Waters - and hence the Land of the Five Rivers, referring to the Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas and Sutlej these five rivers are all the tributaries of the Indus River. [...]

Geography

[...]

The province is a mainly a fertile region along the river valleys, while sparse deserts can be found near the border with India and Balochistan. The region contains the Thar and Cholistan deserts. The Indus River and its many tributaries traverse the Punjab from north to south. The landscape is amongst the most heavily irrigated on earth and canals can be found throughout the province. Weather extremes are notable from the hot and barren south to the cool hills of the north. The foothills of the Himalayas are found in the extreme north as well.

Climate

Most areas in Punjab experience fairly cool winters, often accompanied by rain. By mid-February the temperature begins to rise; springtime weather continues until mid-April, when the summer heat sets in.

The onset of the southwest monsoon is anticipated to reach Punjab by May, but since the early 1970s the weather pattern has been irregular. [...]

[...]

Economy

[...]

Despite its dry climate, extensive irrigation makes it a rich agricultural region. Its canal-irrigation system established by the British is the largest in the world. Wheat and cotton are the largest crops. Other crops include rice, sugarcane, millet, corn, oilseeds, pulses, vegetables, and fruits such as kinoo. Livestock and poultry production are also important. [...]

Punjab contributes about 68% to annual food grain production in the country. 51 million acres (210,000 km2) is cultivated and another 9.05 million acres (36,600 km2) are lying as cultivable waste in different parts of the province.

Cotton and rice are important crops. They are the cash crops that contribute substantially to the national exchequer. Attaining self-sufficiency in agriculture has shifted the focus of the strategies towards small and medium farming, stress on barani areas, farms-to-market roads, electrification for tube-wells and control of water logging and salinity.

Anmerkungen

Art und Umfang der Übernahme bleiben ungekennzeichnet.

Der Verweis auf das Lemma "Pakistan" der Wikipedia ist falsch, es handelt sich hier um das Lemma "Punjab, Pakistan". Folglich sind die angegebenen Information an der genannten Stelle nicht auffindbar, das Fragment somit als "Verschleierung" einzustufen.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan) Schumann


Fragmente (Plagiat, ungesichtet)

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Fragmente (Verdächtig / Keine Wertung)

1 Fragment

[1.] Analyse:Aal/Fragment 039 03 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 18. October 2013, 21:09 Graf Isolan
Erstellt: 18. October 2013, 21:06 (Graf Isolan)
Aal, Adams 2006, Fragment, KeineWertung, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel, ZuSichten

Typus
KeineWertung
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
No.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 39, Zeilen: 3-10
Quelle: Adams 2006
Seite(n): 1 (Internetversion), Zeilen: -
The headcount index is the percentage of the population living in households with income per capita below the poverty line. However, the headcount index ignores the amount by which the expenditures of the poor fall short of the poverty line. Hence, the poverty gap index which gives the mean distance below the poverty line as a proportion of the poverty line is also computed. The squared poverty gap index which indicates the severity of poverty is computed by weighting the individual poverty gaps by the gaps themselves, so as to reflect inequality amongst the poor. The first measure -- the poverty headcount -- shows the percent of the population living beneath the poverty line. However, this headcount index ignores the "depth of poverty," that is, the amount by which the average expenditure of the poor fall short of the poverty line. The table therefore also reports a second measure, the poverty gap index. This index measures in percentage terms how far the average expenditures of the poor fall short of the national poverty line. The third poverty measure -- the squared poverty gap index ­ shows the "severity of poverty." The squared poverty gap index possesses useful analytical properties, because it is sensitive to changes in distribution among the poor.
Anmerkungen

Kein Hinweis auf eine Übernahme.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan)


Fragmente (Kein Plagiat)

Kein Fragment



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Quellen

Quelle Autor Titel Verlag Jahr Lit.-V. FN
Aal/Ahsan und Altaf 2009 Raania Ahsan und Zafar Altaf** Development, Adoption and Performance of Bt Cotton in Pakistan: A Review 2009 nein nein
Aal/Banuri 1998 Tariq Banuri Pakistan: Environmental Impact of Cotton Production and Trade 1998 ja ja
Aal/Farooq 2009 Omer Farooq Agriculture 2009 ja ja
Aal/ICIMOD 1998 International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) Land Cover Assessment and Monitoring. Pakistan 1998 ja ja
Aal/Wikipedia Punjab Pakistan 2009 Punjab, Pakistan 2009 nein nein


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