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Typus
KomplettPlagiat
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 8, Zeilen: 3ff
Quelle: Gorji 2001
Seite(n): 42, Zeilen: left col. 51-52 - right col. 1ff
Migraine and epilepsy are both disorders characterized by transient paroxysmal neurological dysfunction, usually with a normal neurological examination between attacks. The relationship between these disorders has long been suspected. The medieval Iranian practitioner, Rhazes(860–940 A.D.) defines a syndrome in which migraine headache and conjunctivitis preceding epileptic attacks in the headache section of his Al-Hawi. A number of syndromes in which migraine and epilepsy are related have been described. Headaches are observed quite frequently following epileptic attacks and seizures provoke a syndrome similar to the headache phase of migraine in 50% of epileptics. A number of anticonvulsive drugs have the capacity to stabilize migraine and some anti-migraine drugs increase the epilepsy threshold. Gabapentin is an antiepileptic drug of new generation that enhances brain GABA levels has an effective therapeutic action in the prophylactic treatment of migraine headache. First-generation antiepileptic drug, sodium valproate, is used for the treatment of pain for trigeminal neuralgia and migraine headache. Calcium channel blockers are effective drugs in prophylactic and acute treatment of migraine. Flunarizine produced significant seizure reduction in two trials in therapy-resistant patients. Aura disappeared and post-ictal headache ameliorated in refractive epileptic patients treated with flunarizine. Magnesium which ameliorates migraine headaches is an anticonvulsant compound in eclampsia. It was reported that combination therapy with anticonvulsant and anti-migraine drugs in some intractable epileptics improves seizure control.

rCBF changes in epilepsy have some similarities to those changes in migraine. The human brain frequently has been observed during convulsive seizure. An initial pallor preceding and during the early phase of epileptic attack was reported while the latter part of the fit and post[convulsive state were accompanied by widespread vasodilatation of cerebral vessels.]

Migraine and epilepsy are both disorders characterized by transient paroxysmal neurological dysfunction, usually

[right col.]

with a normal neurological examination between attacks. The relationship between these disorders has long been suspected. The medieval Iranian practitioner, Rhazes (860–940 A.D.) defines a syndrome in which migraine headache and conjunctivitis preceding epileptic attacks in the headache section of his Al-Hawi [416]. A number of syndromes in which migraine and epilepsy are related have been described [108,249,366]. Headaches are observed quite frequently following epileptic attacks and seizures provoke a syndrome similar to the headache phase of migraine in 50% of epileptics [376]. A number of anticonvulsive drugs have the capacity to stabilize migraine and some anti-migraine drugs increase the epilepsy threshold. Gabapentin is an antiepileptic drug of new generation that enhances brain GABA levels has an effective therapeutic action in the prophylactic treatment of migraine headache [102]. First-generation antiepileptic drug, sodium valproate, is used for the treatment of pain for trigeminal neuralgia and migraine headache [361]. Calcium channel blockers are an effective drugs in prophylactic and acute treatment of migraine [89,338,406]. Flunarizine produced significant seizure reduction in two trials in therapy-resistant patients [327]. Aura disappeared and post-ictal headache ameliorated in refractive epileptic patients treated with flunarizine [31]. Magnesium which ameliorates migraine headaches is an anticonvulsant compound in eclampsia [380]. It was reported that combination therapy with anticonvulsant and anti-migraine drugs in some intractable epileptics improves seizure control [448].

rCBF changes in epilepsy have some similarities to those changes in migraine. The human brain frequently has been observed during convulsive seizure. An initial pallor preceding and during the early phase of epileptic attack was reported while the latter part of the fit and postconvulsive state were accompanied by widespread vasodilatation of cerebral vessels.

Anmerkungen

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Sichter
(Graf Isolan) Singulus

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