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Typus
KomplettPlagiat
Bearbeiter
Hindemith
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 80, Zeilen: 3-21
Quelle: MoRD 2006
Seite(n): 44, 45, Zeilen: 44: 10-13, 24-31 ; 45: 1-7
A comparative study of 16 villages in the drought-affected districts of Gujarat showed that the watershed villages were better placed compared to non-watershed villages in terms of water and biomass availability, employment opportunities and out-migration (Shah, 2000). MoRD conducted a comprehensive evaluation of watershed programs in 16 states covering 221 districts in 2001. A compilation of the results of this study (TERI, 2004) reports overall improvement in land use, increase in net sown and gross cropped area, expansion in irrigated area, greater fuel-wood and fodder availability, higher incomes and employment opportunities from the majority of states. Perhaps the most comprehensive summary of the benefits of watershed programs in India is provided by ICRISAT‟s (International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics) „meta-analysis‟ of the impact of watershed programs (Joshi et al, 2005). It is based on an exhaustive review of 311 case studies.

The study found that in treated watersheds:

  • soil loss (51 studies) reduced by 0.82 tonnes/ha/year;
  • rate of runoff (36 studies) reduced by 13%;
  • irrigated area (97 studies) increased by 34%;
  • cropping intensity (115 studies) went up by 64%; and
  • Additional employment (39 studies) of 182 person-days/ha/year has been created and in some cases, it went up to 900 person-days/ha/year.
An initial survey of 16 villages (8 watershed and 8 non-watershed) in drought-affected districts of Gujarat showed that the watershed villages were better placed compared to non-watershed villages in terms of water and biomass availability, employment opportunities and out-migration (Anil Shah, 2000). [...]

MoRD conducted a comprehensive evaluation of watershed programmes in 16 states covering 221 districts in 2001. A compilation of the results of this study (TERI, 2004) reports overall improvement in land use, increase in net sown and gross cropped area, expansion in irrigated area, greater fuelwood and fodder availability, higher incomes and employment opportunities from the majority of states. Perhaps the most comprehensive summary of the benefits of watershed programmes in India is provided by ICRISAT’s (International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics) ‘meta-analysis’ of the impact of watershed programmes (Joshi et al, 2005). It is based on an exhaustive review of 311 case studies.

[Seite 45]

The study found that in treated watersheds:

  • soil loss (51 studies) reduced by 0.82 tonnes/ha/year;
  • rate of runoff (36 studies) reduced by 13%;
  • irrigated area (97 studies) increased by 34%;
  • cropping intensity (115 studies) went up by 64%; and
  • additional employment (39 studies) of 182 persondays/ha/year has been created

and in some cases, it went up to 900 persondays/ha/year.

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Sichter
(Hindemith) Schumann

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