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|Quelle: Benfenati 2007|
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|Implicit memory refers to information storage to perform various reflexive or perceptual tasks and is recalled unconsciously. The implicit memory is more robust and may last for all our life even in the absence of further practice (Squire, 2004). Implicit memory involves a heterogeneous collection of memory functions and types of learned behaviors such as reflexive conditioning, fear conditioning and priming. The explicit memory is concerned with the factual knowledge of persons, things, notions and is recalled by a deliberate and conscious effort.
Explicit memory can be further classified as episodic and semantic memory. Episodic memory allows us to remember personal events and experience, on the other hand semantic memory is a sort of public memory for facts and notions.
Squire LR (2004) Memory systems of the brain: a brief history and current perspective. Neurobiol Learn Mem 82:171-177.
The first one refers to information storage to perform various reflexive or perceptual tasks is also referred to as non-declarative or implicit memory because it is recalled unconsciously. [...] Implicit memory is a heterogeneous collection of memory functions and types of learned behaviours such as reflexive learning (sensitization, habituation), classical conditioning, fear conditioning, procedural memory (for skills and habits) and priming [(the recall of words or objects from a previous unconscious exposure to them).]
The second form of memory, called declarative or explicit memory because it is recalled by a deliberate and conscious effort, concerns factual knowledge of persons, things, notions and places. Declarative memory can be further classified as episodic or autobiographic memory and semantic memory. Episodic memory allows us to remember personal events and experience and, being a link between what we are and what we have been, gives us the sense of our individuality. On the other hand, semantic memory is a sort of public memory for facts and notions[, be they general or autobiographical (Fig. 4).]
However, while explicit memory fades relatively rapidly in the absence of recall and refreshing, implicit memory is much more robust and may last for all our life even in the absence of further practice (4, 5).
4. Blackemore C. Mechanics of the mind. Cambridge; Cambridge University Press, 1977.
5. Kandel ER, Pittenger C. The past, the future and the biology of memory storage. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 1999; 354: 2027-52.
Zwar zusammengeschnitten, doch bleibt das Original unverkennbar. Dennoch ohne jeden Hinweis auf eine Übernahme.