[...] They are defined as enduring beliefs that result in specific modes of conduct.[FN 13] A value system is regarded as a relatively permanent perceptual framework, which influences an individual’s behaviour[FN 14] although it is societal. Values establish the standards by which the importance of everything in society is judged.
[FN 13: Rokeach (1973), p. 10.]
[FN 14: England (1978), p. 36.]
Values have been described as enduring beliefs that specific modes of conduct [...] (Rokeach 1973); a value system is seen as a relatively permanent perceptual framework that influences an individual's behavior (England 1978). Values establish the standards by which the importance of everything in society is judged. [...]
In a general sense, values and norms are societal, [...]
Paragraph seems to be correctly collected from several sources. In truth, it has been taken completely word-for-word from one source together with footnotes.
Cultural values are the implicitly or explicitly shared, abstract ideas about what is good, right, and desirable in a society. The ways that societal organisations (e.g. the family, education, economic, political, religious systems) function, their goals and their modes of operation, express cultural value priorities.[FN 15]
[FN 15: Licht (2002), p. 5.]
The values that constitute a culture are the implicitly or explicitly shared, abstract ideas about what is good, right, and desirable in a society. [...] The ways that societal institutions (e.g., the family, education, economic, political, religious systems) function, their goals and their modes of operation, express cultural value priorities.
It does not become clear, where the citation starts. She cites more than she hints at, leaving out one sentence. The page number in the referencing footnote does not match this online version. Furthermore, in the bibliography the co-authors are not listed and there is not date given for the presenting of the lecture.
Attitudes may result in a tendency to react favourably for unfavourably to objects or situations, based on beliefs about them. Attitudes are influenced by societal values. For example in a business environment the style in dress can provoke certain attitudes depending on the societal values. If wearing a suit and tie indicates a conservative business perspective and conservatism is valued, this would result in a favourable attitude to someone dressed in this manner. Elsewhere, where innovation in business is more highly valued, and wearing a T-shirt and jeans is seen as indicating an innovative attitude and this attire may be viewed [positively.]
Attitudes are described as a tendency to respond favorably or unfavorably to objects or situations based on beliefs about them. Societal values influence what we respond favorably to and what we view with disfavor.
In a business setting, dress can mean quite different things depending on what the society values and how different types of dress are interpreted. If wearing a suit and tie indicates a conservative business perspective and conservatism is valued, this would result in a favorable attitude to someone in this attire. Elsewhere, if innovation in business was more highly valued, and wearing a brightly colored t-shirt and jeans was seen as indicating an innovative perspective, this might be viewed positively.
No reference for this paragraph has been given, but obviously it is from an outside source. Citations not marked as such.