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The influence of national culture on stock option programmes as motivators. The case of managers in Germany

von Prof. Dr. Cornelia Eva Scott

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[1.] Cs/Fragment 070 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2012-04-07 10:05:09 Kybot
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, Punnett 2004, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 70, Zeilen: 1-11
Quelle: Punnett 2004
Seite(n): 24, Zeilen: 14-27
Activity orientation – being, containing and controlling, doing

Societies, which are primarily „being“, are emotional and the individuals act spontaneously according to their mood. Those, which are „doing“ orientated, are constantly striving to achieve. The people are ambitious and enjoy accomplish difficult tasks. Societies that are containing and controlling focus on moderation and orderliness. People try to achieve a balance in life and in society.

Human relationships – individual, lineal, co-lineal

Societies, which are primarily individual, believe that people should be independent and are responsible for their own actions. Those that are lineal are family orientated and accept hierarchies. Those that are co-lineal are group-orientated and emphasize group interactions and actions.

Activity Orientation: Being, Doing, Containing, and Controlling

Societies that are primarily "being"-oriented are emotional; people react spontaneously based on what they feel at the time. Those that are "doing"-oriented are constantly striving to achieve; people are driven by a need to accomplish difficult tasks. Those that are concerned with containing and controlling focus on moderation and orderliness; people seek to achieve a balance in life and in society.

Human Relationships: Individualistic, Lineal, Co-Lineal

Societies that are primarily individualistic believe that individuals should be independent and take responsibility for their own actions, Those that are lineal are concerned with the family line and the power structure that underlies a hierarchy. Those that are co-lineal are group-oriented and emphasize group interactions and actions.

Anmerkungen

Continuation from the previous page. Again she introduces slight changes (to the worse).<br/> By the way: Punnett has made a counting error, because she said that she wanted to consider "five problem areas", but then went on to present six. Cs fixes this error by just leaving out the last area "Space: Private, Public". Note that a very similar text can also be found in the textbook Global management (1995) (Page 301-303), B. Punnett is a co-author of this book, which might well have been the actual source for Cs.

Sichter
Hindemith

[2.] Cs/Fragment 070 12 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2012-04-07 10:05:11 Kybot
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, Punnett 2004, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

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Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan, Hindemith
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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 70, Zeilen: 12-22
Quelle: Punnett 2004
Seite(n): 25, Zeilen: 19-30
The dimensions may have the following implications for management.

1. In a society that believes humans are subjugated by nature, planning is less effective because the future is preordained.

2. In a society that is present-orientated, rewards should be linked to present performance.

3. Societies that believe in the basic goodness of humans will generally work with the participative management approach

4. In a society that is primarily being-orientated, decisions are likely to be intuitive and less logical.

5. In a society that is hierarchical, the corporate structure might reflect this formal, authority-based hierarchy.

The following suggestions illustrate how these orientations may be related to management.

1. In a society that believes humans are subjugated by nature, planning would be futile, because the future is preordained.

2. In a society that is present-oriented, rewards would be closely tied to current performance.

3. In a society that believes in the basic goodness of human beings, participative management is likely to be the normal approach.

4. In a society that is primarily being-oriented, decisions are likely to be intuitive with less concern for logic.

5. In a society that is hierarchical, organization structures are likely to reflect this in formal, authority-based hierarchy.

Anmerkungen

The "unfriendly take-over" from Punnett continues: Cs is still showing no signs of giving away the real author.

Sichter
Hindemith


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