In particular Trompenaars examined how time is regarded and if it has its own consequences. The group was divided into two sub-groups, sequential, which regards time as a series of passing events and synchronic, where past, present and future are all interrelated so that ideas about the future and memories of the past both shape present actions.
How we think of time has its own consequences. Especially important is whether our view of time is sequential, a series of passing events, or whether it is synchronic, with past, present and future all interrelated so that ideas about the future and memories of the past both shape present action.
Most of the phrasing comes from Trompenaars - no sign of this is to be found in the text. Note, however, that the "version" of Cs is much less lucid writing. (Remark: The page and line numbers given above refer to the first edition of Trompenaars, in the second edition this is found on page 123)