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58 gesichtete, geschützte Fragmente: Plagiat

[1.] Cs/Fragment 001 08 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 7. April 2012, 10:04 Kybot
Erstellt: 5. August 2011, 00:20 (Hindemith)
Cs, Fernandez 2006, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

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Quelle: Fernandez 2006
Seite(n): 1, Zeilen:
Does culture influence economic results? At some vague level, most economists would probably agree that preferences and beliefs, the basis of the definition culture, are endogenous and hence likely to vary across environments. Whether culture plays a quantitatively important role in explaining economic outcomes, however is another question and I think that in this point economists would tend to be sceptical. This scepticism results largely from the absence of rigorous empirical work linking culture and economics. When faced with variation in economic outcomes, across countries or individuals, the traditional strategy has been to explain this variation with differences in policies, institutions, and technology. The distribution of agents, preferences and beliefs is taken as given and invariant to the environment in this case. In fact, up until about the end of the 1990´s, the role of culture in explaining economic phenomena has been largely ignored by academics. At the end of the 1970´s the noble prize winners Stigler and Gary even claimed that “economists who argue with cultural factors are just trying to cover up the failures of their analysis”.[FN 1] To explain variation in outcomes with differences in beliefs or preferences was regarded by many academics as unscientific.

This attitude has however changed in the past decade and a new body of work has emerged that attempts to provide evidence on the effect of culture on economic outcomes.

[FN 1: Stigler/Becker (1977), pp. 76.]

Do we believe that culture matters to economic outcomes? I think that, at some vague level, most economists would probably agree that preferences and beliefs are endogenous and hence likely to vary across environments. Whether culture plays a quantitatively important role in explaining economic outcomes, however, is another question and here I think that, overall, economists would tend to be skeptical. This skepticism stems, in large part, from the absence of rigorous empirical work linking culture and economics. In fact, until fairly recently, the role of culture in explaining economic phenomena has been largely ignored by modern economics. When faced with variation in economic outcomes, across countries or individuals, the traditional strategy has been to explain this variation with differences in policies, institutions, and technology. In such an exercise, the distributions of agents’ preferences and beliefs are taken as given (except in a rational expectations sense) and invariant to the environment. To seek to explain variation in outcomes with differences in beliefs or preferences is seen as unscientific. [FN 2] [...]

Over the last few years a new body of work has emerged that has attempted to provide evidence on the effect of culture on economic outcomes.

[FN 2: The Stigler-Becker (1977) dictum—“de gustibus non est disputandum”—has in this sense cast a long shadow in economics.]

Anmerkungen

Almost literal copy from the source without referencing it. The author adapts slightly by a) changing the position of one sentence in the text, b) adding a quote of Stiegler and Gary and c) producing a mistake that distorts the original meaning ("the distributions of agents’ preferences and beliefs" --> " The distribution of agents, preferences and beliefs"). The author inserts a phrase about Stigler and Gary, calling them "noble prize winners" --> "Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences laureates" would be correct. The quotation attributed to Stigler and Gary is not found in the source given [1] (Reprint with different pagination)

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WiseWoman

[2.] Cs/Fragment 002 01 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 7. April 2012, 10:04 Kybot
Erstellt: 5. August 2011, 00:41 (Hindemith)
Cs, Fernandez 2006, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

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Quelle: Fernandez 2006
Seite(n): 2, Zeilen: 7-15
The evidence of the influence culture on economics is of varying quality and has been conducted with various methodologies, and on a diverse set of questions. It ranges from the relationship of trust with outcomes such as trade (Guiso, Sapienza and Zingales (2005) [FN 3] or trade union membership (Algan and Cahuc (2006a)) [FN 4], to the relationship of culture to effort (Ichino and Maggi (2000) [FN 5], the links between religion and growth (Barro and McCeary (2003) [FN 6], Tabellini (2005) [FN 7], as well as historical work on culture and institutions (Greif (1994, 2005)) [FN 8] or Jewish culture and occupational choice (Botticini and Eckstein (2005)) [FN 9].

[FN 3: Gusio/Sapienza/Zingales (2006), pp. 23.]

[FN 4: Algan/Cahuc (2006a), p 715.]

[FN 5: Ichino/Maggi (2000), p. 1057.]

[FN 6: Barro/McCleary (2003), p. 760.]

[FN 7: Tabellini (2005), pp. 15.]

[FN 8: Greif (1994), p. 912, Greif (2005), pp. 7.]

[FN 9: Botticini/Eckstein (2005), p. 930.]

This evidence is of varying quality, conducted with various methodologies, and on a diverse set of questions. It ranges from the relationship of trust with outcomes such as trade (Guiso, Sapienza and Zingales (2005)) or trade union membership (Algan and Cahuc (2006a)), to the relationship of culture to effort (Ichino and Maggi (2000)) and living arrangments (Giuliano (2007)), the links between religion and growth (Barro and McLeary (2003), Tabellini (2005)), as well as historical work on culture and institutions (Greif (1994, 2005)) or Jewish culture and occupational choice (Botticini and Eckstein (2005)).
Anmerkungen

The contribution of the author to this text fragment is limited to adding made-up page numbers to the referenced publications; correcting one author's name (McCleary instead of McLeary) in the footnote, but spelling it McCeary in the text; and dropping the reference about living arrangements. The plethora of references are, however, not given in the bibliography. For example, "Algan/Cahuc (2006a)" is given in Fernandez as a working paper - the reference above (Akerlof/Kranton) begins on page 715. For most of the other references, the first page given by Fernandez is the page.

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WiseWoman

[3.] Cs/Fragment 013 05 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 7. April 2012, 10:04 Kybot
Erstellt: 19. August 2011, 23:56 (Graf Isolan)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, Löhnert 1996, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, ÜbersetzungsPlagiat

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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 13, Zeilen: 5-13, 103-107
Quelle: Löhnert 1996
Seite(n): 32, Zeilen: 8-11, 14-22, 107-109
Jensen/Meckling subdivide agency costs in to monitoring costs, bonding costs and residual losses.[FN 39] Monitoring costs are created when the owners of the business attempt to control the behaviour of the management.[FN 40] Bonding costs arise for the owners if for example premiums are paid to the management that are dependent on an increase in the RoI of the shareholders. The management may have so-called imaginary costs because of their commitment to increase the wealth of the shareholders, although this is not necessarily in their own interest.[FN 41] Residual losses develop because of the divergence of interests that never completely disappears between the shareholder and agent.[FN 42]

[FN 39: Jensen/Meckling (1976), p. 308. Agency costs can only be quantified according to the model.]

[FN 40: Gerke (1995), S. 21 f. An example for this are the remuneration expenses so that the management acts in the interest of the shareholder.]

[FN 41: Löhnert (1996), p. 32. An example for this is that the management takes out a loan to give to the shareholders in the form of dividends. Cf. ibid.]

[FN 42: Gerke (1995), p. 22.]

Agency Costs setzen sich zusammen aus Monitoring Costs, Bonding Costs und Residual/Efficiency Losses[FN 2]. Monitoring Costs entstehen den Eigentümern durch den Versuch, das Management zu überwachen und zu kontrollieren. Typische Beispiele hierfür sind die Ausgaben für Wirtschaftsprüfer, Berater und Rechtsanwälte, die Verträge mit dem Management konzipieren [...], damit dieses im besten Interesse der Eigentümer handelt. Bonding Costs entstehen den Eigentümern beispielsweise durch Prämienzahlungen an das Management, die von einer Wohlstandsmehrung der Aktionäre abhängig gemacht werden. Das Management geht dabei imaginäre Kosten insofern ein, als die Verpflichtung zur Wohlstandsmehrung für die Aktionäre seinen spezifischen Interessen widerspricht[FN 3]. Ein Beispiel hierfür ist die freiwillige höhere Verschuldung des Unternehmens durch das Management und die anschließende Ausschüttung der Mittel an die Aktionäre[FN 4]. Efficiency Losses sind die Residualeinkommensverluste der Eigentümer, die aufgrund der Tatsache entstehen, daß die Interessenkonflikte niemals vollständig beseitigt werden können.

[FN 2: Vgl. Jensen, M. C. (1988), s. 28.]

[FN 3: Vgl. Jensen, M. C./Meckling, W. H. (1976), S. 308.]

[FN 4: Vgl. Graebner, U. (1991), S.46.]

Anmerkungen

After having faithfully translated the original text, Cs distributes it between the main body of "her" text and the footnotes (examples are "pushed" into the footnotes). Nothing has been marked as citation. The original source is given, but hidden among the other sources given in the footnotes, which she has also copied.

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Hindemith

[4.] Cs/Fragment 028 09 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 7. April 2012, 10:04 Kybot
Erstellt: 5. August 2011, 14:54 (Graf Isolan)
BauernOpfer, Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, The Economist 2006b

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Quelle: The Economist 2006b
Seite(n): 1 (Internetversion), Zeilen: 5-6, 7-12, 19-26
For example Mr Kobi Alexander, the founder and former boss of Comverse Technology, a well-known US software firm was in the corporate headline in the summer of 2006. Mr Alexander is the highest-profile executive to be charged so far in the scandal surrounding the backdating of executive share options at over 100 American firms. When fraud charges were filed in August against Mr Alexander and two other former executives – all three had resigned in May – it emerged that he was on the run, and had transferred USDollars 57 mil to his native Israel in what prosecutors called a “money-laundering scheme”.

Mr Alexander and his former colleagues are accused of backdating share options to value them at low points in Comverse´s share-price. They benefited personally from this and also used such options to reward employees. They are also accused of running a secret slush fund of options allocated to fictitious employees, which could later be transferred to real ones. This may sound odd, but another company, Cablevision involved in backdating their SOPs, reportedly gave options retrospectively to an executive after his death. These options were not counted as a cost when calculating profits, as they should have been – hence the fraud allegations.[FN 59]

[FN 59: The Economist, 7th October 2006, p. 70., Corporate Scandals - the Fugitive.]

[...] Kobi Alexander, the founder and former boss of Comverse Technology, a software firm [...] Mr Alexander is the highest-profile executive to be charged so far in the scandal surrounding the backdating of executive share options at over 100 American firms. When fraud charges were filed in August against Mr Alexander and two other former executives—all three had resigned in May — it emerged that he was on the run, and had transferred $57m to his native Israel in what prosecutors called a “money-laundering scheme”.

[...]

Mr Alexander and his former colleagues are accused of backdating share options to value them at low points in Comverse's share price. They benefited personally from this and also used such options to reward employees. They are also accused of running a secret slush fund of options allocated to fictitious employees, which could later be transferred to real ones. (If that sounds odd, Cablevision, another firm caught up in the scandal, reportedly gave options retrospectively to an executive after his death.) These options were not counted as a cost when calculating profits, as they should have been—hence the fraud allegations.

Anmerkungen

Indeed, a reference to the original source is given. But nowhere it is made clear that these two paragraphs form a word-for-word citation.

Sichter
WiseWoman

[5.] Cs/Fragment 057 03 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 7. April 2012, 10:04 Kybot
Erstellt: 10. August 2011, 19:34 (Graf Isolan)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, Punnett 2004, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

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Seite: 57, Zeilen: 3, 5-8, 102-103
Quelle: Punnett 2004
Seite(n): 21, Zeilen: 6-8, 9-12, 15
Values

[...] They are defined as enduring beliefs that result in specific modes of conduct.[FN 13] A value system is regarded as a relatively permanent perceptual framework, which influences an individual’s behaviour[FN 14] although it is societal. Values establish the standards by which the importance of everything in society is judged.

[FN 13: Rokeach (1973), p. 10.] [FN 14: England (1978), p. 36.]

Values

Values have been described as enduring beliefs that specific modes of conduct [...] (Rokeach 1973); a value system is seen as a relatively permanent perceptual framework that influences an individual's behavior (England 1978). Values establish the standards by which the importance of everything in society is judged. [...]

In a general sense, values and norms are societal, [...]

Anmerkungen

Paragraph seems to be correctly collected from several sources. In truth, it has been taken completely word-for-word from one source together with footnotes.

Sichter
Drhchc

[6.] Cs/Fragment 057 08 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 7. April 2012, 10:04 Kybot
Erstellt: 10. August 2011, 20:13 (Graf Isolan)
BauernOpfer, Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, Licht et al 2002, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop

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Cultural values are the implicitly or explicitly shared, abstract ideas about what is good, right, and desirable in a society. The ways that societal organisations (e.g. the family, education, economic, political, religious systems) function, their goals and their modes of operation, express cultural value priorities.[FN 15]

[FN 15: Licht (2002), p. 5.]

The values that constitute a culture are the implicitly or explicitly shared, abstract ideas about what is good, right, and desirable in a society. [...] The ways that societal institutions (e.g., the family, education, economic, political, religious systems) function, their goals and their modes of operation, express cultural value priorities.
Anmerkungen

It does not become clear, where the citation starts. She cites more than she hints at, leaving out one sentence. The page number in the referencing footnote does not match this online version. Furthermore, in the bibliography the co-authors are not listed and there is not date given for the presenting of the lecture.

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WiseWoman

[7.] Cs/Fragment 057 20 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 7. April 2012, 10:04 Kybot
Erstellt: 5. August 2011, 16:53 (Graf Isolan)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, Punnett 2004, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

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Quelle: Punnett 2004
Seite(n): 22, Zeilen: 11-22
Attitudes

Attitudes may result in a tendency to react favourably for unfavourably to objects or situations, based on beliefs about them. Attitudes are influenced by societal values. For example in a business environment the style in dress can provoke certain attitudes depending on the societal values. If wearing a suit and tie indicates a conservative business perspective and conservatism is valued, this would result in a favourable attitude to someone dressed in this manner. Elsewhere, where innovation in business is more highly valued, and wearing a T-shirt and jeans is seen as indicating an innovative attitude and this attire may be viewed [positively.]

Attitudes

Attitudes are described as a tendency to respond favorably or unfavorably to objects or situations based on beliefs about them. Societal values influence what we respond favorably to and what we view with disfavor.

In a business setting, dress can mean quite different things depending on what the society values and how different types of dress are interpreted. If wearing a suit and tie indicates a conservative business perspective and conservatism is valued, this would result in a favorable attitude to someone in this attire. Elsewhere, if innovation in business was more highly valued, and wearing a brightly colored t-shirt and jeans was seen as indicating an innovative perspective, this might be viewed positively.

Anmerkungen

No reference for this paragraph has been given, but obviously it is from an outside source. Citations not marked as such.

Sichter
Hindemith

[8.] Cs/Fragment 058 01 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 6. April 2012, 19:46 Kybot
Erstellt: 5. August 2011, 16:58 (Graf Isolan)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, Punnett 2004, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

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Quelle: Punnett 2004
Seite(n): 22, Zeilen: 22-23
Similarly, in some societies men with long hair are regarded negatively, while in others long hair represents virtue. Similarly, in some societies males with long hair are seen negatively, while in others long hair represents virtue.
Anmerkungen

Continuation from previous page.

Sichter
Hindemith

[9.] Cs/Fragment 058 22 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 6. April 2012, 19:46 Kybot
Erstellt: 5. August 2011, 21:52 (Graf Isolan)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, Punnett 2004, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

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• Culture can be learned – this does not mean that it is innate; people are socialised from childhood to learn the rules and norms of their culture. It also means that when one leaves one culture for another it is possible to learn the new culture. • Culture is learned — this means that it is not innate; people are socialized from childhood to learn the rules and norms of their culture. It also means that when one goes to another culture, it is possible to learn the new culture.
Anmerkungen

Paragraph is not marked as a citation although again there is a very high percentage of agreement with an older text. Note that the same text as found in the source, can also be found in the textbook Global management 1995 on page 71, line 22-24. Punnett has been a Co-author of this book. Note also that the author states before the list of bullet points, on page 58 of the thesis: "Keller and Drepper have attempted to develop a systematic approach to culture and examined the literature analysis carried out by Kluckhohn and Kroeber and have derived the following characteristics: [FN 17: Keller, v. E. (1982), p. 114.]". Keller (1982) has not been checked, but as no direct quote is marked in the thesis, there is no doubt about the plagiarism-status of this text fragment.

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Hindemith

[10.] Cs/Fragment 059 01 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 7. April 2012, 10:05 Kybot
Erstellt: 9. August 2011, 00:04 (Hindemith)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, Global management 1995, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

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Seite(n): 71, Zeilen: 4
* Culture is compelling – this means that specific behaviour is determined by culture without individuals being aware of the influence of their culture; as such, it means that it is important to understand culture in order to understand behaviour.
  • Culture is interrelated – This means that while various facets of culture can be understood in context of the whole; as such, it means that a culture needs to be studied as a complete entity.
  • Culture provides orientation to people – this means that a particular group reacts in general in the same way to a given stimulus; as such, it means that understanding a culture can help in determining how group members might react in various situations.
* Culture is compelling. This means that specific behavior is determined by culture without individuals being aware of the influence of their culture. It is important to understand culture in order to understand behavior.
  • Culture is interrelated. This means that while various facets of culture can be examined in isolation, these should be understood in context of the whole. A culture must be studied as a complete entity.
  • Culture provides people with orientation. This means that a particular group generally reacts in the same way to a given stimulus; so that understanding a culture can help determine how group members might react in various situations.
Anmerkungen

Slightly adapted copy from the source. In the thesis, the meaning of the sentence following the second bullet point is unclear -- comparing this sentence with the source reveals what the (original) meaning might have been. Note that the author states before the list of bullet points, on page 58 of the thesis: "Keller and Drepper have attempted to develop a systematic approach to culture and examined the literature analysis carried out by Kluckhohn and Kroeber and have derived the following characteristics: [FN 17: Keller, v. E. (1982), p. 114.]". Keller (1982) has not been checked, but as no direct quote is marked in the thesis, there is no doubt about the plagiarism-status of this text fragment.

Sichter
Frangge

[11.] Cs/Fragment 067 18 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 7. April 2012, 10:05 Kybot
Erstellt: 9. August 2011, 11:17 (Hindemith)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, Global management 1995, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

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4.4.2 The Country Cluster Analysis

Examining clusters of countries that share similar values can be a useful approach for international managers. Extensive cluster research was carried out by Ronen and Shenkar.[FN 47] This was a synthesis of previous research and identified the following eight clusters of countries

[FN 47: Ronen/Shenker (1985), p. 435-454.]

COUNTRY CLUSTERS

In addition to the cultural models discussed so far, examining clusters of countries that share similar values can be useful for international managers. One of the most extensive studies resulting in country clusters was carried out by Ronen and Shenkar (1985). This was a synthesis of previous research and identified eight clusters of countries (see Exhibit 9.4).

Anmerkungen

Slightly adapted copy from Global Management. The reference in the footnote has been taken from there as well, (introducing a spelling error)

Sichter
Plaqueiator

[12.] Cs/Fragment 069 05 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 7. April 2012, 10:05 Kybot
Erstellt: 5. August 2011, 20:53 (Graf Isolan)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, Punnett 2004, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

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Quelle: Punnett 2004
Seite(n): 23-24, Zeilen: S.23, 16-19.20-21.24-28.29-33 - S.24, 1-
4.4.3 Kluckhohn and Strodtbeck's Value Orientation Model

Two anthropologists, Kluckholm and Strodtbeck explained cultural similarities and dissimilarities in terms of basic problems which all human societies face.[FN 49] Different ways of dealing with these problems show different cultures. Kluckhohn and Strodtbeck identified the following five problem areas:

Relationship to nature – subjugation, harmony and mastery

Societies view themselves as inferior to nature and are not masters of their own destinies; and are not able to influence it. Societies, which view themselves as living in harmony with nature, believe that people must change their behaviour according to nature. Societies that view themselves as able to master nature think in terms of the supremacy of the human race, and think that they can manipulate nature for their own purposes.

Time orientation – past, present and future

Societies, which are orientated towards the past, look for answers in the past. How would their ancestors have solved the problem they are confronted with? Societies, which are present-orientated, consider the immediate effects of their actions; what is the consequence if I do the following? Societies, which are future-orientated, look to the long-term results of events today; what will happen to future generations if we do these things today?

Basic human nature – evil, good, mixed

Societies, which believe that individuals are primarily evil, try to control behaviour by implementing specific codes of conduct. Individuals that do not comply with these rules will be punished. Societies that believe that people are essentially good show trust and generally rely on verbal agreements. Societies that see people as mixed probably also see people as changeable and would focus on means to control behaviour, encourage desired behaviour and discourage undesirable behaviour.

[FN 49: Kluckhohn/Strodtbeck, (1961), p. 20.]

Kluckhohn and Strodtbeck's Value Orientation Model

The anthropologists Kluckhohn and Strodtbeck (1961) explained cultural similarities and differences in terms of basic problems that all human societies face. [...] different societies adopt different solutions. [...]

Consider the various solutions that societies have developed for the five problem areas identified by these two anthropologists.

Relationship to Nature: Subjugation, Harmony, and Mastery

Societies that view themselves as subjugated to nature view life as essentially preordained; people are not masters of their own destinies [...]. Societies that view themselves as living in harmony with nature believe that people must alter their behavior to accommodate nature. Societies that view themselves as able to master nature think in terms of the supremacy of the human race and harnessing the forces of nature.

Time Orientation: Past, Present, and Future

Societies that are oriented toward the past look for solutions in the past: What would our forefathers have done? Societies that are present-oriented consider the immediate effects of their actions: What will happen if I do this? Societies that are future-oriented look to the long-term results of today's events: What will happen to future generations if we do these things today?

Basic Human Nature: Evil or Good, Changeable

Societies that believe that people are primarily evil focus on controlling the behavior of people through specified codes of conduct and sanctions for wrongdoing. Societies that believe that people are essentially good exhibit trust and rely on verbal agreements. Societies that see people as changeable and capable of both good and evil focus on means to modify behavior, encourage desired behavior, and discourage behaviors that are not desirable.

Anmerkungen

Slight variations from the source - which in no way enhance the original - one misleading footnote, no reference given. Note that a very similar text can also be found in the textbook Global management (1995) (Page 301-303), B. Punnett is a co-author of this book, which might well have been the actual source for Cs.

Sichter
Hindemith

[13.] Cs/Fragment 070 01 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 7. April 2012, 10:05 Kybot
Erstellt: 5. August 2011, 21:21 (Graf Isolan)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, Punnett 2004, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

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Activity orientation – being, containing and controlling, doing

Societies, which are primarily „being“, are emotional and the individuals act spontaneously according to their mood. Those, which are „doing“ orientated, are constantly striving to achieve. The people are ambitious and enjoy accomplish difficult tasks. Societies that are containing and controlling focus on moderation and orderliness. People try to achieve a balance in life and in society.

Human relationships – individual, lineal, co-lineal

Societies, which are primarily individual, believe that people should be independent and are responsible for their own actions. Those that are lineal are family orientated and accept hierarchies. Those that are co-lineal are group-orientated and emphasize group interactions and actions.

Activity Orientation: Being, Doing, Containing, and Controlling

Societies that are primarily "being"-oriented are emotional; people react spontaneously based on what they feel at the time. Those that are "doing"-oriented are constantly striving to achieve; people are driven by a need to accomplish difficult tasks. Those that are concerned with containing and controlling focus on moderation and orderliness; people seek to achieve a balance in life and in society.

Human Relationships: Individualistic, Lineal, Co-Lineal

Societies that are primarily individualistic believe that individuals should be independent and take responsibility for their own actions, Those that are lineal are concerned with the family line and the power structure that underlies a hierarchy. Those that are co-lineal are group-oriented and emphasize group interactions and actions.

Anmerkungen

Continuation from the previous page. Again she introduces slight changes (to the worse).<br/> By the way: Punnett has made a counting error, because she said that she wanted to consider "five problem areas", but then went on to present six. Cs fixes this error by just leaving out the last area "Space: Private, Public". Note that a very similar text can also be found in the textbook Global management (1995) (Page 301-303), B. Punnett is a co-author of this book, which might well have been the actual source for Cs.

Sichter
Hindemith

[14.] Cs/Fragment 070 12 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 7. April 2012, 10:05 Kybot
Erstellt: 5. August 2011, 21:37 (Graf Isolan)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, Punnett 2004, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

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Quelle: Punnett 2004
Seite(n): 25, Zeilen: 19-30
The dimensions may have the following implications for management.

1. In a society that believes humans are subjugated by nature, planning is less effective because the future is preordained.

2. In a society that is present-orientated, rewards should be linked to present performance.

3. Societies that believe in the basic goodness of humans will generally work with the participative management approach

4. In a society that is primarily being-orientated, decisions are likely to be intuitive and less logical.

5. In a society that is hierarchical, the corporate structure might reflect this formal, authority-based hierarchy.

The following suggestions illustrate how these orientations may be related to management.

1. In a society that believes humans are subjugated by nature, planning would be futile, because the future is preordained.

2. In a society that is present-oriented, rewards would be closely tied to current performance.

3. In a society that believes in the basic goodness of human beings, participative management is likely to be the normal approach.

4. In a society that is primarily being-oriented, decisions are likely to be intuitive with less concern for logic.

5. In a society that is hierarchical, organization structures are likely to reflect this in formal, authority-based hierarchy.

Anmerkungen

The "unfriendly take-over" from Punnett continues: Cs is still showing no signs of giving away the real author.

Sichter
Hindemith

[15.] Cs/Fragment 078 06 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 6. April 2012, 19:46 Kybot
Erstellt: 5. August 2011, 23:50 (Hindemith)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, Global management 1995, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

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Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Hindemith, WiseWoman
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Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 78, Zeilen: 3-10
Quelle: Global management 1995
Seite(n): 300, Zeilen: Punkt 8
In feminine societies management will consider the environment, the quality of working life, and concern for the less fortunate. For example profitability and market share will be defined within this context. Operational decisions will consider work satisfaction and the development of a congenial and nurturing work environment. Work is generally regarded as suitable for either sex, with more consideration given to assigning work according to individual abilities and preferences. Decision-making responsibility will depend on ability and will be shared between the sexes. Male values of achievement, money and performance will rank equally with female values of nurturing, quality of life and caring for the less fortunate. Where traditional feminine values predominate, strategic plans will take into account the environment, the quality of working life, and concern for the less fortunate. Factors such as profitability and market share will be defined within this context. Operational decisions will focus on satisfaction with work and development of a congenial and nurturing work environment. [...] Work will be seen as generally suitable for either sex with more concern for assigning work according to individual abilities and preferences. Decision making will be shared between the sexes. Decision-making responsibility will depend on ability and preferences rather than on gender. The "male" values of achievement, money, and performance will rank equally with the "female" values of nurturance, quality of life, and caring for the less fortunate.
Anmerkungen

The source is not referenced, the text is copied almost literally with only slight adaptations.

Sichter
WiseWoman

[16.] Cs/Fragment 080 04 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 6. April 2012, 19:46 Kybot
Erstellt: 6. August 2011, 02:16 (Hindemith)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, Global management 1995, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

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Bearbeiter
Hindemith, WiseWoman
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Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 80, Zeilen: 4-11
Quelle: Global management 1995
Seite(n): 299, Zeilen: Punkt 4
Planning is flexible and relatively short-term. Uncertainty is seen as inevitable, and therefore the organization must be able to change direction quickly. Planning is accepted as provided guidance but not constraints. Formal planning is most likely to take place at top level and be, at least partially, based on a subjective evaluation of opportunities. Personal preferences are likely to be evident in strategic directions. A certain degree of risk taking will be encouraged. Individuals are likely to accept the risk of individual decision-making, and the need for making decisions quickly is emphasized. [...], planning is flexible and relatively short term. Uncertainty is seen as inevitable, and therefore the organization must be able to change direction quickly. Planning is accepted as providing guidance but not constraints. Formal planning is most likely to take place at top levels and be, at least partially, based on a subjective evaluation of opportunities. Personal preferences are likely to be evident in strategic directions. A certain amount of risk taking will be encouraged. Individuals are likely to accept the risk of decision making, and the need for making quick decisions will be stressed.
Anmerkungen

Slight adaptations, text has been copied almost literally. There is no reference to the source.

Sichter
WiseWoman

[17.] Cs/Fragment 080 13 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 6. April 2012, 19:46 Kybot
Erstellt: 6. August 2011, 01:35 (Hindemith)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, Global management 1995, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

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Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Hindemith, WiseWoman
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Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 80, Zeilen: 13-20
Quelle: Global management 1995
Seite(n): 299, Zeilen: Punkt 3
Furthermore the advice of experts is likely to be important in formulating plans and making decisions. Planning provides security and is well accepted. Plans are likely to be detailed and complex, including priorities and contingencies. Strategic planning is as long-term as it is practical. Checks and balances ensure that performance is at the planned level, and allow for correction before a major departure occurs. Decisions are made carefully and slowly. If responsibility is shared, then group consensus is important for the planning process. In the case that a powerful individual make the decisions, then these are imparted to subordinates as absolutes. Disagreement is discouraged. [...] The advice of experts is likely to be important in formulating plans and making decisions. Planning provides security and is well accepted. Plans are likely to be detailed and complex, incorporating priorities and contingencies. [...] Strategic planning is as long-term in scope as practical. Checks and balances ensure that performance is at the planned level and allow for correction before a major departure occurs. Decisions are reached slowly. If responsibility is shared, then group agreement is important to the planning process. If a powerful individual makes the decisions, then these are imparted to subordinates as absolutes. In both cases, disagreement is discouraged.
Anmerkungen

Source is not referenced, the text is copied and slight changes made.

Sichter
WiseWoman

[18.] Cs/Fragment 082 02 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 6. April 2012, 19:46 Kybot
Erstellt: 6. August 2011, 01:01 (Hindemith)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, Global management 1995, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

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Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Hindemith, WiseWoman
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 82, Zeilen: 2-9
Quelle: Global management 1995
Seite(n): 299-300, Zeilen: Punkt 5
Planning and decision-making is done at the top. Input is accepted from those in powerful positions, but is not expected from those at lower levels. Long-term plans are treated confidentially. Operational decisions are made on a daily basis by superiors, and work assigned to subordinates. All decisions are referred to the superior, and subordinates are discouraged from taking the initiative and making decisions. Subordinates accept assigned work and carry out tasks as instructed. Those in positions of power are respected; those in inferior positions expect that more powerful individuals will take the responsibility for decision-making. [...], planning and decision making are done at the top. Input is accepted from those in power, but no input is expected from those at lower levels. Long-term plans are kept secret. Operational decisions are made on a daily basis by superiors, and work is assigned to subordinates. All decisions are referred to the superior, and subordinates are discouraged from taking the initiative and making decisions. Subordinates accept assigned work and carry out tasks as instructed. Those in positions of power are respected, and those in inferior positions expect that more powerful individuals will take responsibility for decision making.
Anmerkungen

Almost literal copy, the source (a textbook) is not referenced.

Sichter
WiseWoman

[19.] Cs/Fragment 082 15 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 6. April 2012, 19:46 Kybot
Erstellt: 6. August 2011, 01:57 (Hindemith)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, Global management 1995, KomplettPlagiat, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop

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KomplettPlagiat
Bearbeiter
Hindemith, Frangge, WiseWoman
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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 82, Zeilen: 14-21
Quelle: Global management 1995
Seite(n): 300, Zeilen: 4
Everyone is seen as being capable of contributing to the planning process, and input from a variety of organizational levels is sought in developing strategic plans. Decision- making in general is participative, and long-term plans are likely to be shared among organizational members. Operational decisions incorporate the views of those who must carry them out. The people involved in particular tasks are expected to make the routine decisions necessary to complete the task, and decisions are only referred to the superior when they involve unusual circumstances. Power differences exist, but are minimized, and friendly relationships between superiors and subordinates are normal. [...], everyone is seen as capable of contributing to the planning process, and input from a variety of organizational levels is sought in developing strategic plans. Decision making in general is participative, and long-term plans are likely to be shared among organizational members. Operational decisions incorporate the views of those who must carry them out. The people involved in particular tasks are expected to make the routine decisions necessary to complete the task, and decisions are only referred to the superior when they involve unusual circumstances. Power differences exist but are minimized, and friendly relationships be tween superiors and subordinates are normal.
Anmerkungen

The text has been copied literally, only the first half sentence is slightly adapted. There is no reference to the source (which is a student textbook). Some modifications: "everyone is seen as capable of" -> "Everyone is seen as being capable of"; "Decision making" -> "Decision- making"

Sichter
Frangge

[20.] Cs/Fragment 085 03 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 7. April 2012, 10:05 Kybot
Erstellt: 9. August 2011, 20:25 (Hindemith)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, IMO 2007a, KomplettPlagiat, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop

Typus
KomplettPlagiat
Bearbeiter
Hindemith, WiseWoman
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 85, Zeilen: 3-8
Quelle: IMO 2007a
Seite(n): 1, Zeilen:
The study can be regarded as a crucial further development and extension of previous approaches to comparative inter-cultural research with respect to methodology and theory. Schwartz Value Survey (SVS) contains 57 items, which represent 10 value types on an individual level and 7 value orientation on the cultural level. The survey involved more than 60 000 individuals in 64 nations on all continents. [The work of Schwartz] can be regarded as a crucial further development and extension of previous approaches to comparative intercultural research with respect to the methodology and theory. The Schwartz Value Survey (SVS), contains 57 Items [sic] which represent 10 value types on a [sic] individual level and 7 value orientations on the cultural level. [...] The survey involved more than 60000 individuals in 64 nations on all continents
Anmerkungen

Literal copy from the IMO website with a minor adaptation at the beginning and two corrections in English.

Sichter
WiseWoman

[21.] Cs/Fragment 085 09 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 7. April 2012, 10:05 Kybot
Erstellt: 9. August 2011, 20:15 (Hindemith)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, IMO 2007b, KomplettPlagiat, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop

Typus
KomplettPlagiat
Bearbeiter
Hindemith, WiseWoman
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Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 85, Zeilen: 9-28
Quelle: IMO 2007b
Seite(n): 1, Zeilen:
Conservatism

The person is viewed as embedded in a collectivity, finding meaning in life largely through social relationships and identifying with the group. A cultural emphasis on maintenance of the status quo, propriety, and restraint of actions or inclinations that might disrupt the solidarity group or the traditional order. (social order, respect for tradition, family security, wisdom)

Intellectual Autonomy

The person is an autonomous, bounded entity and finds meaning in his/her own uniqueness, seeking to express own internal attributes (preferences, traits, feelings) and is encouraged to do so. Intellectual autonomy has a cultural emphasis on the desirability of individuals independently pursuing their own ideas and intellectual directions (curiosity, broadmindedness, creativity)

Affective autonomy

The person is an autonomous, bounded entity and finds meaning in his/her own uniqueness, seeking to express own internal attributes (preferences, traits, feelings) and is encouraged to do so. Affective autonomy promotes and protects the individual’s independent pursuit of own affectively positive experience (pleasure, exciting life, varied life).

Hierarchy

A hierarchical, differential allocation of fixed roles and of resources is the legitimate, desirable way to regulate [interdependencies. People are socialised to comply with the obligations and rules and sanctioned if they do not. A cultural emphasis on the legitimacy of an unequal distribution of power, roles and resources (social power, authority, humility, wealth).]

Conservatism

The person is viewed as embedded in a collectivity, finding meaning in life largely through social relationships and identifying with the group. A cultural emphasis on maintenance of the status quo, propriety, and restraint of actions or inclinations that might disrupt the solidarity group or the traditional order. (social order, respect for tradition, family security, wisdom).

Intellectual Autonomy

The person is an autonomous, bounded entity and finds meaning in his / her own uniqueness, seeking to express own internal attributes (preferences, traits, feelings) and is encouraged to do so.Intellectual Autonomy has a cultural emphasis on the desirability of individuals independently pursuing their own ideas and intellectual directions (curiosity, broadmindedness, creativity).

Affective Autonomy

The person is an autonomous, bounded entity and finds meaning in his / her own uniqueness, seeking to express own internal attributes (preferences, traits, feelings) and is encouraged to do so. Affective Autonomy promote and protect the individual's independent pursuit of own affectively positive experience (pleasure, exciting life, varied life).

Hierarchy

A hierarchical, differential allocation of fixed roles and of resources is the legitimate, desirable way to regulate interdependencies. People are socialised to comply with the obligations and rules and sanctioned if they do not. A cultural emphasis on the legitimacy of an unequal distribution of power, roles and resources (social power, authority, humility, wealth).

Anmerkungen

The table 4.10 is identical word-by-word to the table found on the IMO website, which has been in this form at least since 2007. In the given reference (next page) (Schwartz (1999)) one can find the content, even some phrases of the table, but not the entire table compiled in this form. Note also: a) Also the introduction to the table 4.10 is taken from the IMO website: see Fragment_085_03 b) Cs gives for reference Schwartz 1999 the pages "pp. 23". This indicates that Cs probably never had a look at the source, as the relevant bits are found on page 27 and after. The reference to page 23 probably stems from the reference on the IMO website, which gives the pages 23-47 for the whole paper.

Sichter
WiseWoman

[22.] Cs/Fragment 086 01 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 7. April 2012, 10:05 Kybot
Erstellt: 9. August 2011, 19:54 (Hindemith)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, IMO 2007b, KomplettPlagiat, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop

Typus
KomplettPlagiat
Bearbeiter
Hindemith, WiseWoman
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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 86, Zeilen: 1-20
Quelle: IMO 2007b
Seite(n): 1, Zeilen:
[Hierarchy

A hierarchical, differential allocation of fixed roles and of resources is the legitimate, desirable way to regulate] interdependencies. People are socialised to comply with the obligations and rules and sanctioned if they do not. A cultural emphasis on the legitimacy of an unequal distribution of power, roles and resources (social power, authority, humility, wealth).

Egalitarianism

Individuals are portrayed as moral equals, who share basic interests and who are socialized to transcend selfish interests, cooperate voluntarily with others, and show concern for everyone’s welfare (equality, social justice, freedom, responsibility, honesty). People are socialized to as autonomous rather than interdependent because autonomous persons have no natural commitment to others (equality, social justice, freedom, responsibility, honesty).

Mastery

Groups and individuals should master, control and change the social and natural environment through assertive action in order to further personal or group interests. A cultural emphasis on getting ahead through active self-assertion (ambition, success, daring, competence).

Harmony

The world is accepted as it is. Groups and individuals should fit harmoniously into the natural and social world, avoiding change and self-ascertain to modify them (unity with nature, protecting the environment, world of beauty).

[Table 4.10: Categories of Value According to Schwartz. Source: Schwartz, S. H: (1999) pp. 23.]

Hierarchy

A hierarchical, differential allocation of fixed roles and of resources is the legitimate, desirable way to regulate interdependencies. People are socialised to comply with the obligations and rules and sanctioned if they do not. A cultural emphasis on the legitimacy of an unequal distribution of power, roles and resources (social power, authority, humility, wealth).

Egalitarianism

Individuals are portrayed as moral equals, who share basic interests and who are socialized to transcend selfish interests, cooperate voluntarily with others, and show concern for everyone's welfare (equality, social justice, freedom, responsibility, honesty). People are socialized to as autonomous rather than interdependent because autonomous persons have no natural commitment to others (equality, social justice, freedom, responsibility, honesty).

Mastery

Groups and individuals should master, control, and change the social and natural environment through assertive action in order to further personal or group interests. A cultural emphasis on getting ahead through active self-assertion (ambition, success, daring, competence).

Harmony

The world is accepted as it is. Groups and individuals should fit harmoniously into the natural and social world, avoiding change and self-assertion to modify them. (unity with nature, protecting the environment, world of beauty).

[Following: Schwartz, S.H. (1999): A Theory of Cultural Values and Some Implications for Work, in: Applied Psychology: An International Review, 1999, 48 (1), 23-47

Smith, P.B., Schwartz, S.H.: Values (1997), in: Berry, M.H., et al. (eds.): Handbook of Cross-Cultural Psychology, Vol.3, 2nd. Ed., pp. 77-118, Bosten [sic] 1997]

Anmerkungen

The table 4.10 is identical word-by-word to the table found on the IMO website, which has been in this form at least since 2007. In the given reference ( Schwartz (1999)) one can find the content, even some phrases of the table, but not the entire table compiled in this form. Note also: a) Also the introduction to the table 4.10 is taken from the IMO website: see Fragment_085_03 b) Cs gives for the reference Schwartz 1999 the pages "pp. 23". This indicates that Cs probably never had a look at the source, as the relevant bits are found on page 27 and after. The reference to page 23 probably stems from the reference on the IMO website, which gives the pages 23-47 for the whole paper.

Sichter
WiseWoman

[23.] Cs/Fragment 086 26 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 7. April 2012, 10:05 Kybot
Erstellt: 6. August 2011, 12:15 (Graf Isolan)
BauernOpfer, Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Trompenaars 1998

Typus
BauernOpfer
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan, Hindemith
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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 86, Zeilen: 26-28, 102-104
Quelle: Trompenaars 1998
Seite(n): 1, Zeilen: 25-33
His research database is made up of 15 years of “training program material, and 30[FN 68] companies, with subsidiaries in 50 different countries.” In order to gather comparable samples, a minimum of 100 people with [similar backgrounds and occupations were taken in each of the countries in which the companies operated.]

[FN 68: E.g. AKZO, AMD, AT&T, Baan, Software, Elf Aquitaine, SGS/Thomson, CRA, Glaxo, Heineken, ICI, Applied Materials, Mars, Motorola, Philips, Royal Dutch Airlines KLM; the Royal Dutch/Shell Group, Sematech, TRW, Van Leer, Volvo and Novartis to name a few.]

Apart from the training program material, 30 companies, with departments spanning 50 different countries. have contributed to the research. These include AKZO, AMD, AT&T, Baan Software, Elf Aquitaine, SGS/Thomson, CRA, Glaxo, Heineken, ICI, Applied Materials, Mars, Motorola, Philips, Royal Dutch Airlines KLM; the Royal Dutch/Shell Group, Sematech, TRW, Van Leer, Volvo and Novartis, to name a few. In order to gather comparable samples, a minimum of 100 people with similar backgrounds and occupations were taken in each of the countries in which the companies operated.
Anmerkungen

Even though quotation marks are used for some part, the rest is also an exact copy of the original, which has been distributed between the main text and the footnote. By the way: what's the use of this list of firms, if the aim is to give a summary of Trompenaars' results.<br/> And on another note: CS seems not to be able to cite correctly, even if she tries to do so. In the citation it should be "departments" instead of "subsidiaries".

Sichter
Hindemith

[24.] Cs/Fragment 087 01 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 6. April 2012, 19:47 Kybot
Erstellt: 6. August 2011, 00:00 (Graf Isolan)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, KomplettPlagiat, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Trompenaars 1998

Typus
KomplettPlagiat
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan, Hindemith
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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 87, Zeilen: 1-5
Quelle: Trompenaars 1998
Seite(n): 1-2, Zeilen: p. 1, 30-34 - p. 2, 1-3
[In order to gather comparable samples, a minimum of 100 people with] similar backgrounds and occupations were taken in each of the countries in which the companies operated. Approximately 75 percent of the participants were in the management (managers in operations, marketing, sales and so on), while the remaining 25 percent were general administrative staff (typists, stenographers, secretaries). The database is permanently being up-dated and expanded and presently includes approximately 30000 participants. In order to gather comparable samples, a minimum of 100 people with similar backgrounds and occupations were taken in each of the countries in which the companies operated. Approximately 75% of the participants belong to management (managers in operations, marketing, sales, and so on), while the remaining 25% were general administrative staff (typists, stenographers, secretaries). The database now numbers 30.000 participants. This is twice as much as four years ago, when the first edition was published.
Anmerkungen

Word for word, until the final sentence is reached. Not marked as a citation. Only exception: "belong to management" --> "were in the management"

Sichter
Hindemith

[25.] Cs/Fragment 087 08 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 7. April 2012, 10:05 Kybot
Erstellt: 6. August 2011, 12:48 (Graf Isolan)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Trompenaars 1998, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan, Hindemith, WiseWoman
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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 87, Zeilen: 8-12
Quelle: Trompenaars 1998
Seite(n): 31, Zeilen: 12, 15, 16-18, 24-27
Universalism versus Particularism

This first dimension describes the forms of relating to other people. The Universalist complies with standards that are universally agreed to by the culture in which the individual lives. “What is good and right can be defined and always applies.”[FN 69] For example, crossing the street when the light is red in a very rule-based society e.g. Switzerland or Germany. Even if [there is no traffic, you will still be frowned at.]

[FN 69: Trompenaars (1998), p. 8.]

The universal versus the particular

[...] This first dimension defines how we judge other people's behaviour. [...] At one extreme we encounter an obligation to adhere to standards which are universally agreed to by the culture in which we live. [...] Universalist, or rule-based, behaviour tends to be abstract. Try crossing the street when the light is red in a very rule-based society like Switzerland or Germany. Even if there is no traffic, you will still be frowned at.

Anmerkungen

The footnote is extremely misleading: although there is a paragraph, titled "Universalism versus particularism" on page 8, and although there you will find the phrase "What is good and right can be defined and always applies.", the wording of the surrounding text is quite different. <br/>Just read on in Trompenaars book and you will find everything else that Cs has written here (including the example of red traffic lights) in the exact same words that Trompenaars used. (Remark: The page and line numbers given above refer to the corrected second edition of Trompenaars from 1998.)

Sichter
WIseWoman

[26.] Cs/Fragment 088 01 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 7. April 2012, 10:05 Kybot
Erstellt: 6. August 2011, 13:13 (Graf Isolan)
BauernOpfer, Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Trompenaars 1998

Typus
BauernOpfer
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan, Hindemith, WiseWoman
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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 88, Zeilen: 1-3
Quelle: Trompenaars 1998
Seite(n): 8 and 31, Zeilen: p. 31, 26-27; p. 8, 34-35; p.31, 21-23
[Even if] there is no traffic, you will still be frowned at. Particularist cultures pay far more attention to the relationships and unique circumstances. “X is my dear friend, so obviously I would not lie to him or steal from him. It would hurt us both to show less than kindness to one another”.[FN 70]

[FN 70: Trompenaars (1998), p. 31.]

[p. 31]<br/>Even if there is no traffic, you will still be frowned at.

[p. 8]<br/>In particularist cultures far greater attention is given to the obligations of relationships and unique circumstances.

[p. 31]<br/>"X is my dear friend, so obviously I would not lie to him or steal from him. It would hurt us both to show less than kindness to one another."

Anmerkungen

A patchwork of original phrases found scattered in two different places in Trompenaars (1998). Only for one of these a reference is given.

Sichter
WiseWoman

[27.] Cs/Fragment 089 02 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 6. April 2012, 19:47 Kybot
Erstellt: 5. August 2011, 15:38 (Graf Isolan)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Trompenaars 1998, Verschleierung

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Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan, Hindemith
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Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 89, Zeilen: 2-6
Quelle: Trompenaars 1998
Seite(n): 50, Zeilen: 3-5, 6-9
Whereas Calvinists had contracts or covenants with God and with one another for which they were personally responsible, Roman Catholics approach God as a community of the faithful. Thus research has found that Catholics score higher on group choices and Protestants significantly lower. Hofstede´s research also confirms this. Calvinists had contracts or covenants with God and with one another for which they were personally responsible. [...] Roman Catholics have always approached God as a community of the faithful. Research has found that Catholics score higher on group choices and Protestants significantly lower. Geert Hofstede's research[FN 2] confirms this: [...]
Anmerkungen

Even though the author states that the findings are from Trompenaars, the words she uses to describe these are exactly the same as in the source without this being made visible. <br/>(CS uses another edition of Trompenaars book (one from 1998) than the one which we cite from, thus page and line numbers might differ.)

Sichter
Hindemith

[28.] Cs/Fragment 090 16 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 7. April 2012, 10:05 Kybot
Erstellt: 7. August 2011, 00:23 (Graf Isolan)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Trompenaars 1998, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan, Hindemith
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 90, Zeilen: 16-20
Quelle: Trompenaars 1998
Seite(n): 83, Zeilen: 7, 3-4, 8-11
Specific versus Diffuse

The fourth dimension analyses to what degree individuals get involved in areas of life with other people. Do people strive for a specific relationship, for example segregate out the task relationship and insolate this from other dealings, or is the culture more diffusely orientated and every level of life space and every level of personality tend to permeate all others.

[l. 7]<br/>Specific versus diffuse cultures

[l. 3-4]<br/>Closely related to whether we show emotions in dealing with other people is the degree to which we engage others in specific areas of life [...]

[l. 8-11]<br/>In specific-oriented cultures a manager segregates out the task relationship she or he has with a subordinate [and insulates this] from other dealings. But in some cultures every life space and every level of personality tend to permeate all others.

Anmerkungen

Cs once again takes over large parts of sentences from the second edition of Trompenaars. This time a remnant of the first edition (the bracketed phrase "and insulates this" from Trompenaars (1995), p. 73, l.9) can also be found, though Cs introduces a spelling mistake. No citation marked.

Sichter
Hindemith

[29.] Cs/Fragment 092 23 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 6. April 2012, 19:47 Kybot
Erstellt: 7. August 2011, 18:47 (Graf Isolan)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Trompenaars 1998, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan, Hindemith
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 92, Zeilen: 23-27
Quelle: Trompenaars 1998
Seite(n): 107, Zeilen: 12-16
In particular Trompenaars examined how time is regarded and if it has its own consequences. The group was divided into two sub-groups, sequential, which regards time as a series of passing events and synchronic, where past, present and future are all interrelated so that ideas about the future and memories of the past both shape present actions. How we think of time has its own consequences. Especially important is whether our view of time is sequential, a series of passing events, or whether it is synchronic, with past, present and future all interrelated so that ideas about the future and memories of the past both shape present action.
Anmerkungen

Most of the phrasing comes from Trompenaars - no sign of this is to be found in the text. Note, however, that the "version" of Cs is much less lucid writing. (Remark: The page and line numbers given above refer to the first edition of Trompenaars, in the second edition this is found on page 123)

Sichter
Hindemith

[30.] Cs/Fragment 094 09 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 6. April 2012, 19:47 Kybot
Erstellt: 7. August 2011, 20:12 (Graf Isolan)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, KomplettPlagiat, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Trompenaars 1998

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Seite: 94, Zeilen: 9-12
Quelle: Trompenaars 1998
Seite(n): 126, Zeilen: 29-34
Most European countries score high, in fact, though not the Russians, on whom 45 years of Communism may have had some effect. Similarly the Chinese now rank much lower that the Japanese, although in Japan as in Singapore managers are far less likely to believe in internal control than they are in North America or Europe. Most European countries score high, in fact, though not the east Germans, on whom 45 years of communism may have had some effect. Similarly the Chinese now rank much lower than the Japanese, although in Japan as in Singapore managers are far less likely to believe in internal control than they are in North America or Europe.
Anmerkungen

Now it borders on the ridiculous: Cs wrote "her" thesis in 2008, but 1917+45=1962. Thus "the Russians, on whom 45 years of Communism may have had some effect" does not make any sense. In fact, the "45" - as seen above - comes from Trompenaars and refers to East Germany. Consequently, it now can be seen that the taking-over of phrases and especially the camouflage of this action - though handled amateurishly - is quite deliberate. (Note that the page and line numbers given here refer to the first edition of "Riding the Waves of Culture")

Sichter
Hindemith

[31.] Cs/Fragment 098 01 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 7. April 2012, 10:05 Kybot
Erstellt: 23. August 2011, 20:38 (WiseWoman)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung, Wikipedia social market economy 2006

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Seite: 98, Zeilen: 1-3
Quelle: Wikipedia social market economy 2006
Seite(n): 1 (Web page), Zeilen: --
The social market economy aims to maintain a balance between a high rate of economic growth, low inflation and low levels of unemployment, good working conditions, social welfare and public services, by the state intervening where necessary. [FN 4]

[FN 4] Randak, (1985), p. 30.

Social market economy [...] Its aim was to maintain a balance between a high rate of economic growth, low inflation, low levels of unemployment, good working conditions, public welfare and public services by using state intervention.
Anmerkungen

This is taken from the Wikipedia revision as of 23:10, 23 February 2006 for the lemma "Social market economy" and slightly adapted. It is possible that both are taken from Randak (a publication in German language), however the series was in the Wikipedia previously.

Sichter
Hindemith

[32.] Cs/Fragment 098 07 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 6. April 2012, 19:47 Kybot
Erstellt: 23. August 2011, 21:53 (Graf Isolan)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung, Wikipedia employers organization 2006

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Seite: 98, Zeilen: 7-11
Quelle: Wikipedia employers organization 2006
Seite(n): 1 (webpage), Zeilen: --
The tripartite exists between labour unions, employer organisations (the social partners) and the state in which they strike agreements on issues like price levels; wage increases, tax rates and pension entitlements also play an important role in this concept. Collective bargaining based on consensus is often done on a national level not between one corporation and one union, but national employer organisations and national trade unions. In tri-partite bargaining the so-called social partners strike agreements on issues like price levels, wage increases, tax rates and pension entitlements. In these countries collective bargaining is often done on a national level not between one corporation and one union, but national employers' organizations and national trade unions.
Anmerkungen

These phrases already existed as part of the Wikipedia revision as of 15:33, 25 July 2006 for the lemma "Employers' organization" and have been slightly adapted.

Sichter
Hindemith

[33.] Cs/Fragment 100 01 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 7. April 2012, 10:06 Kybot
Erstellt: 23. August 2011, 21:10 (WiseWoman)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, KomplettPlagiat, McArthur 2002, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop

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WiseWoman, Hindemith
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Seite: 100, Zeilen: 1-8 + FN 9 auf S. 101
Quelle: McArthur 2002
Seite(n): 1 (Web page), Zeilen: 20-33
However, to define the term “social” in the social market economy is challenging and has caused great debate to this present date. Originally it was understood by the ordo-liberals that a social economy did not mean income programmes. [9] They believed that instead of income subsidy programmes, a social market economy should be one in which workers are given the chance to accumulate capital, which would give them the means for improving their social status in the social structure. They presented two methods for achieving this goal:

1) To subsidize savings, for example, with incentives programmes for savings 2) To increase the access to higher education

[FN 9 auf S. 101] E.g. Rentengeld, Wohngeld, Kindergeld, Sozialhilfe.

There was a great debate at the time among the ordo-liberals about the word "social". [...]

It was generally understood by the ordo-liberals that a social economy did not mean Rentengeld, Wohngeld, Kindergeld or Socialhilfe, Mutterschutz, i.e. income subsidy programs. The ordo-liberals agreed that instead of income subsidy programs, a social market economy should be one in which workers are given the chance to accumulate capital, which would give them the means for improving their social status in the social structure. There were two methods for achieving this goal:

(1) to subsidize savings, for example, with incentives programs for savings; (2) to increase the access to higher education;

Anmerkungen

The first sentence was reworded, the series in the second sentence was demoted to a footnote on the next page (although there was enough space on this page), from there it is a copy and paste plagiarism with very minor changes.

Sichter
Hindemith

[34.] Cs/Fragment 100 09 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 6. April 2012, 19:47 Kybot
Erstellt: 5. August 2011, 19:57 (Hindemith)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung, Witt 2002

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Seite: 100, Zeilen: 9-15
Quelle: Witt 2002
Seite(n): 366, Zeilen: 29-36
Today, the social ethos of the social market economy continues to be widely regarded as legitimate. Moreover, many Germans – not least, the German Constitutional Court – still believe that active pursuit of that social ethos is compatible with reaping the benefits of free markets. Thus, the government is still held responsible for providing protection against the risks of life, including the consequences of too fierce competition in free markets and as a consequence, government actions are not viewed as attenuating either the individual freedom to participate in markets or the efficiency of those markets. Today, the social ethos of the social market economy continues to be widely regarded as legitimate. Moreover, many Germans — not least, the German Constitutional Court — still believe that active pursuit of that social ethos is compatible with reaping the benefits of free markets. Thus, the government is held responsible for providing protection against the pitfalls of life, including the consequences of too fierce competition in free markets, and the consequent government actions are not viewed as attenuating either the individual freedom to participate in markets or the efficiency of those markets.
Anmerkungen

Literal copy with minimal adaptations, no reference to the source is found in the entire thesis

Sichter
WiseWoman

[35.] Cs/Fragment 101 08 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 14. December 2013, 21:26 Schumann
Erstellt: 5. August 2011, 14:03 (Graf Isolan)
.de - Magazine Deutschland 2004, Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

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Seite: 101, Zeilen: 8-20
Quelle: .de - Magazine Deutschland 2004
Seite(n): 1 (Internetversion), Zeilen: 71-83
Germany has tried to realise these objectives in the past by hedging against risks incurred from unemployment, disability or a person’s inability to work in his/her chosen profession, accident, illness, age and other social conditions. A special characteristic of the German system is the cooperation of employers and employees, which is expressed in the equal financing of contributions to pensions, medical and long-term care and unemployment insurance. Another form of consensus is the social partnership of unions and employer associations, which is subject to the institutionalised settlement of conflicts as outlined in the collective labour law. Article 9 of the German Basic Law guarantees autonomy in negotiating wages, i.e., the right of employees and employers to bear the responsibility themselves for deciding on working conditions in contracts resulting from collective bargaining. The law covering collective bargaining and the Industrial Democracy Act, both of which were influenced in their wording by industry and the trade unions, play a considerable role in determining work regulations. Over a long period, a social system has emerged in Germany which internationally is considered exemplary - it hedges against risks incurred from unemployment, disability or a person’s inability to work in his/her chosen profession, accident, illness, age and other social conditions. A special feature of the German system is the cooperation of employers and employees, expressed in the equal financing of contributions to pensions, medical and long-term care and unemployment insurance. Moreover, the social partnership of unions and employer associations is subject to the institutionalized settlement of conflicts as outlined in the collective labor law. The German Basic Law guarantees, in article 9, autonomy in negotiating wages, i.e., the right of employees and employers to bear the responsibility themselves for deciding on working conditions in contracts resulting from collective bargaining. The law covering collective bargaining and the Industrial Democracy Act, both of which were influenced in their wording by industry and the trade unions, play a considerable role in determining work regulations.
Anmerkungen

Nearly literal copy of the original text, only some words and the introductory sentence have been changed. No reference is given.

Sichter
WiseWoman

[36.] Cs/Fragment 103 05 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 7. April 2012, 10:06 Kybot
Erstellt: 8. August 2011, 08:42 (Hindemith)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung, Wikipedia Hartz concept 2008

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Seite: 103, Zeilen: 5-13
Quelle: Wikipedia Hartz concept 2008
Seite(n): 1, Zeilen:
Hartz 1
  • The establishment of “Staff Service Agencies” (Personal-Service-Agenturen)
  • Support for vocational further education from the Job Agency (Arbeitsagentur)
  • Subsistence payments by the Job Agency


Hartz II

  • New types of employment, “Minijob” and “Midijob”, with lower or gradually rising taxes and insurance payments to make the labour market more flexible
  • A grant for entrepreneurs, known as the “Ich-Company”


Hartz III

  • Aimed at restructuring and reforming the Job Centre, changing its name from the Bundesanstalt for Arbeit (BA) or Arbeitsamt (Federal Employment Agnecy) to the Bundesagentur für Arbeit or Agentur für Arbeit (Federal Labour Agency). [...]
(Hartz I)
  • The foundation of "Staff Services agencies" (Personal-Service-Agenturen or PSAs)
  • Support for vocational further education from the Job Agency (Arbeitsagentur)
  • Subsistence payments by the Job Agency


(Hartz II)

  • The new types of employment, "Minijob" and "Midijob", with lower or gradually rising taxes and insurance payments
  • A grant for entrepreneurs, known as the "Ich-AG" (Me, Inc.)
  • [...]


Hartz III came into effect on 1 January 2004. It aimed at restructuring and reforming the Job Centre, changing its name from the Bundesanstalt für Arbeit or Arbeitsamt (Federal Labour Institution) to the Bundesagentur für Arbeit or Agentur für Arbeit (Federal Labour Agency).

Anmerkungen

The content of table 5.1. stems almost entirely from the Wikipedia article on the "Hartz concept". (see also Fragment_103_19) Below the table (on page 104), Cs states: "Source: Own Compilation"

Sichter
Frangge

[37.] Cs/Fragment 103 15 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 6. April 2012, 19:47 Kybot
Erstellt: 8. August 2011, 20:53 (Hindemith)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, KomplettPlagiat, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, The Economist 2006a

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Seite: 103, Zeilen: 15-18
Quelle: The Economist 2006a
Seite(n): 1, Zeilen:
In 2001, at its peak, it spent over two-fifths of its budget of 52 billion Euros on so-called “active labour-market policies”, which included all kinds of training schemes and job creation programmes. In 2001, at its peak, it spent over two-fifths of its budget of €52 billion on so-called “active labour-market policies”, code for all kinds of training schemes and job-creation programmes.
Anmerkungen

Almost word for word copy, no reference given.

Sichter
WiseWoman

[38.] Cs/Fragment 103 19 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 7. April 2012, 10:06 Kybot
Erstellt: 8. August 2011, 20:36 (Hindemith)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung, Wikipedia Hartz concept 2008

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Seite: 103, Zeilen: 19-31
Quelle: Wikipedia Hartz concept 2008
Seite(n): 1, Zeilen:
Hartz IV
  • Brought together unemployment benefits and social security benefits.
  • Prior to 2005, depending on the claimant’s age and work history, 12 to 32 months of full employment pay (60 – 67 percent of the previous net salary) were followed by unemployment benefits (Arbeitslosenhilfe), 53 to 57 percent of the last net salary.
  • Since January 2005 full unemployment pay (renamed to Arbeitslosengeld) has been restricted to 12 months in general and 18 months for over 55 years old. This is followed by Arbeitslosengeld II which is much lower and only granted if the claimant fulfils the requirements which are calculated according to the Bedarfsgemeinschaft, which is difficult to translate but means that the household in which the unemployed lives and considers his/her savings, life insurance and the income of husband/wife: only when these reserves are used up will a claimant get money from the state.
Hartz IV

[...] This part of the reform brought together the former unemployment benefits for long term unemployed ("Arbeitslosenhilfe") and the welfare benefits ("Sozialhilfe")[...]

Prior to 2005, between 12 and 36 months (depending upon the claimant's age and work history) of full unemployment pay (60 to 67% of the previous net salary) were followed by Arbeitslosenhilfe (unemployment benefits, 53 to 57% of the last net salary). Since 2005, reception of the full unemployment pay (renamed to Arbeitslosengeld I) has been restricted to 12 months in general and 18 months for over-55-year-olds. This is now followed by the (usually much lower) Arbeitslosengeld II if the claimant fits the requirements (see next paragraph).

Whether or not a claimant is eligible for Arbeitslosengeld II depends on his or her savings, life insurance and the income of spouse or partner. Only if these assets are below a threshold level will a claimant get money from the state.

Anmerkungen

The content of table 5.1. stems almost entirely from the Wikipedia article on the "Hartz concept". (see also Fragment_103_05) Below the table (on page 104), Cs states: "Source: Own Compilation"

Sichter
Frangge

[39.] Cs/Fragment 104 01 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 6. April 2012, 19:47 Kybot
Erstellt: 8. August 2011, 19:29 (Graf Isolan)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, KomplettPlagiat, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, The Economist 2006a

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Seite: 104, Zeilen: 1-3
Quelle: The Economist 2006a
Seite(n): 1 (Internetversion), Zeilen: 157-162
[A single person in West Germany gets 345 Euros/month] (331 Euro in the East) plus health insurance, rent und utilities paid for, which makes it attractive for jobless young people, for instance, to move out of their parents’ home. A single person in west Germany gets €345 a month(€331 in the east) plus health insurance, rent and utilities paid for, which makes it attractive for jobless young people, for instance, to move out of their parents' home.
Anmerkungen

Word-for-word; no reference given.

Sichter
WiseWoman

[40.] Cs/Fragment 104 16 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 7. April 2012, 10:06 Kybot
Erstellt: 9. August 2011, 17:20 (Schuju)
BauernOpfer, Cs, DW-World.de 2007, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop

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Seite: 104, Zeilen: 16-19 + 22-26
Quelle: DW-World.de 2007
Seite(n): 1, Zeilen: 21-25 + 14-19
However, a compromise would have to be found because the CDU and its Bavarian sister party the CSU originally wanted to cap employer contributions whereas the SPD wanted a broader segment of society to be required to contribute to the system of solidarity that covers nearly 90 percent of Germany’s residents. [...] It was hoped that this would reduce the non labour wage costs, which contribute to the high price of German workers and therefore help make German labour internationally more competitive. However, the public health insurance companies have increased their premiums during the long period of discussions and both employers and employees are now forced to pay more, increasing the non-wage labour costs. [l.21-25]

Angela Merkel's CDU and its Bavarian sister party, the CSU, initially wanted to cap employers' contributions, which the Social Democrats opposed. Instead, the SPD wanted a broader segment of society to be required to contribute to the system of solidarity that covers nearly 90 percent of Germany's residents.

[l.14-19] The reform's original aim was to cut non-labor wage costs, which contribute to the high price of German workers. However, public health insurance companies raised their premiums during the long months of discussion before the reform passed. Both employers and employees were forced to pay more, jacking up non-wage labor costs.

Anmerkungen

The last paragraph on this page ends with a marked Merkel quote from this DW-World page and footnote 16 referring to dw-world [2](27.02.07).

Sichter
Graf Isolan

[41.] Cs/Fragment 105 15 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 7. April 2012, 10:06 Kybot
Erstellt: 8. August 2011, 19:55 (Graf Isolan)
Cs, DW-World.de 2007, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 105, Zeilen: 15-21
Quelle: DW-World.de 2007
Seite(n): 1 (Internetversion), Zeilen: 43-48
The heart of the reform is the so-called “health fund”. From 2009, all contributions to the public health insurance companies as well as state subsidies are supposed to be paid into this new fund. The companies will levy a standard premium for everyone, and if the money they are allocated from the health fund does not cover their costs, they will use their funds efficiently and not demand more money of their clients. Insurers who use their funds efficiently and do not demand more money off their clients will thus be more appealing to the public. The heart of the reform is the so-called "health fund." From 2009, all contributions to the public health insurance companies as well as state subsidies are supposed to be paid into this new fund. The companies will levy a standard premium for everyone, and if the money they are allocated from the health fund doesn't cover their costs, they will be able to charge the people they insure a supplement. Insurers who use their funds efficiently and don't demand more money of their clients will thus be more appealing to the public.
Anmerkungen

Although most of the paragraph is word-for-word from the WWW, nothing is marked as such. A footnote referring to the source is placed just in front of the paragraph, so to suggest that this paragraph is the author's own.

Sichter
Hindemith

[42.] Cs/Fragment 105 22 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 7. April 2012, 10:06 Kybot
Erstellt: 8. August 2011, 20:09 (Graf Isolan)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung, Wikipedia Agenda 2010 2007

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Seite: 105, Zeilen: 22-25
Quelle: Wikipedia Agenda 2010 2007
Seite(n): 1, Zeilen: -
5.2.3 German Society’s Reactions to the Agenda 2010

The Agenda 2010, in particular the Hartz IV Law, is regarded by many politicians, trade unions, media and population alike as the largest cut into the German system of social security since World War II.

Reaction to the changes

Politicians, industrial leaders, trade unions, media and population alike justifiably consider the Agenda 2010, especially the Hartz IV law, as the largest cut into the German system of social security since World War II

Anmerkungen

No reference given.

Sichter
Hindemith

[43.] Cs/Fragment 106 01 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 6. April 2012, 19:47 Kybot
Erstellt: 8. August 2011, 20:30 (Graf Isolan)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung, Wikipedia Agenda 2010 2007

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Seite: 106, Zeilen: 1-7
Quelle: Wikipedia Agenda 2010 2007
Seite(n): 1, Zeilen: -
Market liberals and conservatives e.g. members of the FDP and CDU party generally welcomed the introduction of the Agenda 2010 but there was much displeasure in Schröder´s own Social Democratic Party (SPD). After Schröder threatened to resign if the changes were blocked since they were so vital to his government, he received an inner-party 80 percent vote of approval as well as a 90 percent approval from his coalition partner, the Greens. However there followed a large exodus (approximately 100 000) of socialist party members, in a reaction to the declared reforms. While industrial leaders and both the conservative and market-liberal parliamentary parties such as the CDU and the FDP greeted Agenda 2010 as it implemented their long-time demands, there was some upheaval in Schröder's own social democratic party. After Schröder threatened to resign (with no obvious successor as Chancellor) if the changes were blocked since they were so vital to his government, he received an inner-party 80% vote of approval as well as a 90% approval from his coalition partner, the Greens. [...] In a reaction to the policies declared and the measures taken, about 100,000 members of Schröder's SPD left the party [...]
Anmerkungen

No reference given, but obviously most of it is from Wikipedia.

Sichter
WiseWoman

[44.] Cs/Fragment 106 14 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 7. April 2012, 10:06 Kybot
Erstellt: 8. August 2011, 20:38 (Graf Isolan)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung, Wikipedia Agenda 2010 2007

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Graf Isolan, Hindemith
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Seite: 106, Zeilen: 14-16
Quelle: Wikipedia Agenda 2010 2007
Seite(n): 1, Zeilen: -
The German constitution forbids politically motivated strikes and there have therefore been no strikes against Agenda 2010, but numerous demonstrations have been organised and supported by the unions. There were no strikes against Agenda 2010 as the German constitution (Grundgesetz) prohibits politically motivated strikes, but some demonstrations at least were organised and supported by the unions.
Anmerkungen

No reference to Wikipedia given.

Sichter
Hindemith

[45.] Cs/Fragment 106 20 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 6. April 2012, 19:47 Kybot
Erstellt: 8. August 2011, 20:54 (Graf Isolan)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung, Wikipedia Agenda 2010 2007

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Seite: 106, Zeilen: 20-26
Quelle: Wikipedia Agenda 2010 2007
Seite(n): 1, Zeilen: -
[...] the Agenda 2010 is still being implemented and one may conclude that it can be seen to live up to Schröder’s expectations. Average real wages were cut in 2004 in the second straight year and continue to fall and industrial profits of listed companies have been soaring to new record levels. However, unfortunately these companies are not hiring new workers from the ranks of the unemployed, but are continuing to shed workers in order to boost profits further, and invest them in low-wage countries. So far, the Agenda 2010 has lived up to Schröder's expectations: while average real wages were cut in 2004 in the second straight year and continue to fall, industrial profits of listed companies have been soaring to new record levels. Unfortunately, those companies are not only failing to hire new workers from the ranks of the unemployed, but they are also continuing to shed workers in order to boost profits further, and invest them in low-wage countries.
Anmerkungen

Again no reference is given, but the similarity of this paragraph to the corresponding Wikipedia article is obvious.

Sichter
Hindemith

[46.] Cs/Fragment 107 01 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 6. April 2012, 19:48 Kybot
Erstellt: 8. August 2011, 21:19 (Graf Isolan)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung, Wikipedia Agenda 2010 2007

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Seite: 107, Zeilen: 1-5
Quelle: Wikipedia Agenda 2010 2007
Seite(n): 1, Zeilen: -
However, despite this positive economic development, economic inequality in Germany has risen to unprecedented levels in the past years, with 13.5 percent of Germans or 11 million (2004) officially living below the poverty line. 1 in 7 children and 1 in 5 young people are said to live in poverty. The number of homeless people is expected to increase dramatically because of Hartz IV and it is feared that inequality will grow strongly. Economic inequality in Germany has risen to unprecedented levels in the past years, with 13.5% of Germans or 11 million (2004 figure) officially living below the poverty line. (1 in 7 children and 1 in 5 young people are said to live in poverty.) Due to the Agenda 2010, especially the Hartz IV law, the number of poor Germans and the number of homeless people is expected to rise further, and it is feared that inequality will grow strongly.
Anmerkungen

With a few exceptions word-for-word as in Wikipedia. No reference given.

Sichter
WiseWoman

[47.] Cs/Fragment 111 05 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 13. August 2013, 21:37 WiseWoman
Erstellt: 9. August 2011, 20:12 (Graf Isolan)
BauernOpfer, Cs, Encyclopedia of Business 2007, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop

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Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan, WiseWoman, Hindemith
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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 111, Zeilen: 5-12
Quelle: Encyclopedia of Business 2007
Seite(n): 1 (Internetversion), Zeilen: 2-6, 9-11
This term refers to a variety of efforts businesses make to encourage and utilize input from their employees in the hope of improving the product quality and achieving cost reduction, workplace efficiency, customer relationship management or working conditions. These efforts take on various forms from simply placing suggestion boxes in common areas to introducing formal programmes headed by committees to review ideas and rewards for those that are adopted.[FN 32] The activities can result in a win-win situation where the employees are more involved in the business process and the employer’s profit from improved efficiency and cost reduction.

[FN 32: http://business.enotes.com/small-business-encyclopedia/employees-suggestion-systems.]

The term "employee suggestion systems" refers to a variety of efforts businesses make to solicit and utilize input from their employees in hopes of achieving cost savings or improving product quality, workplace efficiency, customer service, or working conditions. These efforts range from simply placing suggestion boxes in common areas to implementing formal programs with committees to review ideas and rewards for those that are adopted. [...] "Suggestion programs create a win-win situation," Kate Walter wrote in HR Magazine. "More involvement and input for employees and improved efficiency and cost-savings for employers."
Anmerkungen

Although the reference is given it is nowhere made clear how much Cs has taken over from this source and that this was done word-for-word.

Sichter
WiseWoman

[48.] Cs/Fragment 111 17 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 6. April 2012, 19:48 Kybot
Erstellt: 9. August 2011, 20:31 (Graf Isolan)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Trompenaars 1998, Verschleierung

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Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 111, Zeilen: 17-19
Quelle: Trompenaars 1998
Seite(n): 50, Zeilen: 3-5, 6-7
[...] Calvinist countries had contracts or covenants with God and with one another for which they were personally responsible whereas Roman Catholics have always approached God as a community of the faithful. Calvinists had contracts or covenants with God and with one another for which they were personally responsible. [...] Roman Catholics have always approached God as a community of the faithful.
Anmerkungen

Cs correctly ascribes this assumption to Trompenaars, but she uses exactly the same words as he does in his book without making a reference to it or marking it as a quotation. (Remark: page and line numbers refer to the first edition of Trompenaars (1995))

Sichter
Hindemith

[49.] Cs/Fragment 112 23 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 7. April 2012, 10:06 Kybot
Erstellt: 15. August 2011, 20:45 (WiseWoman)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, Kamp et al 2006, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, ÜbersetzungsPlagiat

Typus
ÜbersetzungsPlagiat
Bearbeiter
WiseWoman, Hindemith
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 112, Zeilen: 23-27
Quelle: Kamp et al 2006
Seite(n): 1, Zeilen: 33-36
Christiane [sic] Henry-Huthmacher, co-ordinator for family and in particular female policy at the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung (a politically based organisation) shares this opinion and believes that “if somebody wants to have children and work then they need a lot of fantasy, creativity, management qualities and strong nerves”.[FN 35]

[FN 35: ibid] [referring to [FN 34] Nederstigt (2006) p. 34, which is not given in the bibliography]

„Wer mit Kindern in Deutschland berufstätig sein will, braucht viel Fantasie, Kreativität, Managementfähigkeiten und starke Nerven“, sagt Christine Henry-Huthmacher, Koordinatorin für Frauen und Familienpolitik der Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung.
Anmerkungen

This is a clear translation - but the footnote raises questions, as it is not given in the bibliography and the WirtschaftsWoche article is not written by a Nederstigt. The first name of Ms. Henry-Huthmacher is correct in the WirtschaftsWoche, not in the dissertation.

Sichter
Hindemith

[50.] Cs/Fragment 112 27 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 7. April 2012, 10:06 Kybot
Erstellt: 15. August 2011, 20:25 (WiseWoman)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, Kamp et al 2006, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, ÜbersetzungsPlagiat

Typus
ÜbersetzungsPlagiat
Bearbeiter
WiseWoman, Graf Isolan, Hindemith
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 112, Zeilen: 27-29
Quelle: Kamp et al 2006
Seite(n): 1, Zeilen: 1-9
Monika Heil, a young professional speaks from experience after having worked in France and Switzerland and now working in Russia when she said, “I am happy to be living outside of Germany as far as the care of my children is concerned”. [36]

[36] ibid [referring to [34] Nederstigt (2006) p. 34., there is no Nederstigt in the bibliography]

Wenn es um die Betreuung ihrer Kinder geht, ist Monika Heil froh, dass sie im Ausland lebt. Für ihren Arbeitgeber, einen internationalen Lebensmittelkonzern, arbeitete die promovierte Ernährungswissenschaftlerin bereits in Frankreich und der Schweiz – und jetzt in Moskau. Ihr Fazit: „Nirgendwo ist es so schwierig, Job und Kinder zu vereinbaren wie in Deutschland.“
Anmerkungen

This is a clear translation - but the footnote raises questions, as it is not given in the bibliography and the WirtschaftsWoche article is not written by a Nederstigt.

Sichter
Graf Isolan

[51.] Cs/Fragment 112 30 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 7. April 2012, 10:06 Kybot
Erstellt: 15. August 2011, 21:06 (WiseWoman)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, Kamp et al 2006, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, ÜbersetzungsPlagiat

Typus
ÜbersetzungsPlagiat
Bearbeiter
WiseWoman, Hindemith
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 112, Zeilen: 30-31
Quelle: Kamp et al 2006
Seite(n): 2, Zeilen: 34-38
Indeed, under these circumstances it is not surprising that Germany is bottom of the table regarding the fertility [rate at only 1.4 children per women.[FN 37] In fact 30 percent of German females from 34 - 40 have no children, and this figure is over 40 percent for academics - twice as high as in France.[FN 38]]

[FN 37: Economist, Pocket World in Figures, 2005 Edition, p. 148.]

[FN 38: Ibid..]

Deutschland wurde so mit einer Geburtenrate von 1,36 Prozent zum Schlusslicht in Europa. Von den deutschen Frauen zwischen 34 und 40 sind 30 Prozent kinderlos, von den Akademikerinnen sogar über 40 Prozent – doppelt so viel wie in Frankreich.
Anmerkungen

The source Cs refers to in the footnotes is a book that contains only lists and numbers. The text obviously is a word-for-word translation of the article in WirtschaftsWoche. Further proof is given on the following page 113, where the translation continues.

Sichter
Hindemith

[52.] Cs/Fragment 113 01 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 7. April 2012, 10:06 Kybot
Erstellt: 10. August 2011, 22:18 (Graf Isolan)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, Kamp et al 2006, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, ÜbersetzungsPlagiat

Typus
ÜbersetzungsPlagiat
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan, Hindemith, WiseWoman
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 113, Zeilen: 1-8
Quelle: Kamp et al 2006
Seite(n): 2 (Internetversion), Zeilen: 30-40
[Indeed, under these circumstances it is not surprising that Germany is bottom of the table regarding the fertility] rate at only 1.4 children per women.[FN 37] In fact 30 percent of German females from 34 - 40 have no children, and this figure is over 40 percent for academics - twice as high as in France.[FN 38]

[Graph 5.6 left out]

A large percentage of those women who do decide to have children decide to stay at home. In half of the families with children under six years old, only the partner works and in the cases where the mothers are employed and the children are still at a pre-school age, employment is primarily part-time (80 percent). In total only 66 percent of women work in Germany – significantly less than in Sweden or the USA, where approximately 77 percent and 69 percent of the mothers work respectively.[FN 39]

[FN 37: Economist, Pocket World in Figures, 2005 Edition, p. 148.] [FN 38: Ibid..] [FN 39: Ibid.]

Deutschland wurde so mit einer Geburtenrate von 1,36 Prozent zum Schlusslicht in Europa. Von den deutschen Frauen zwischen 34 und 40 sind 30 Prozent kinderlos, von den Akademikerinnen sogar über 40 Prozent – doppelt so viel wie in Frankreich. Noch immer bleibt ein Großteil der Frauen, werden sie Mütter, notgedrungen zu Hause. In rund der Hälfte aller Familien mit Kindern unter sechs Jahren verdient allein der Mann. Und wenn sie doch mit Kindern im Vorschulalter einen Job ausüben, dann zu knapp 80 Prozent in Teilzeit (siehe Tabelle des Artikels). Insgesamt arbeiten in Deutschland nur 66 Prozent aller Frauen – deutlich weniger als in Schweden oder in den USA, wo der Anteil der berufstätigen Frauen bei 77 beziehungsweise 69 Prozent liegt.
Anmerkungen

The source Cs refers to in the footnotes is a book which contains only lists and numbers. The text obviously is a word-for-word translation of the article in WirtschaftsWoche. Further proof is given on the previous page 112, where some of the cases, which are presented in the article, can also be found.

Sichter
Hindemith

[53.] Cs/Fragment 118 18 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 7. April 2012, 10:06 Kybot
Erstellt: 6. August 2011, 11:33 (Hindemith)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, Pollklas 1998, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Hindemith, WiseWoman
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 118, Zeilen: 18-25
Quelle: Pollklas 1998
Seite(n): 1, Zeilen:
Modern co-determination was initially established in the coal and steel industries with over 1000 employees in 1951 with the Iron and Steel Co-determination Act of 1951 (Montan-Mitbestimmungsgesetz). This law was implemented when the German government was facing threats of severe strikes by the two unions in the iron and steel industries. It obliges the supervisory boards of companies (Aufsichtsräte) to be made up equally of representatives of the employers and the workers side, plus one neutral member. Concessions were made to the unions in turn for political support on their part for the federal economic, foreign, and defence policies. Modern codetermination was first established in the coal and steel industries in 1951 with the Iron and Steel Codetermination Act of 1951 (Montan- Mitbestimmungsgesetz). This law was implemented when German government was facing threats of severe strikes by the two unions in the iron and steel industries. Concessions were made to the unions in turn for political support on their part for the federal economic, foreign, and defense policies.

[...]. It obliges the supervisory boards of companies (Aufsichtsräte) to be made up equally of representatives of the employers' and the workers' side, plus one neutral member.

Anmerkungen

This is largely literal copy from the source: one sentence has been left out and the position of two sentences has been exchanged. There is a reference to the source on the same page of the thesis, but above this text fragment with no apparent relation to it. Also, it is not clear to the reader that he is faced with a direct quote, as it is not identified as such by quotation marks or otherwise.

Sichter
WiseWoman

[54.] Cs/Fragment 119 01 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 7. April 2012, 10:06 Kybot
Erstellt: 6. August 2011, 11:49 (Hindemith)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, Pollklas 1998, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Hindemith, WiseWoman
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 119, Zeilen: 1-21
Quelle: Pollklas 1998
Seite(n): 1, Zeilen:
In 1972 and 1976 the laws were extended to include all large companies, increasing the influence that workers have on internal management matters and in particular employment structural questions. The general Co-determination Act of 1976 is applicable to all companies with more than 2 000 employees. Although the basic provision regarding the make-up of the supervisory boards remains equal to that of the Iron and Steel Co-determination Act, details limit the influence of labour in this law. First, one of the representatives of the workers' side has to be an employee of the management level, who does not necessarily represent the interests of the employed. Furthermore, the chairperson of the supervisory board cannot be nominated without consent of the employer. The chair can cast the decisive vote in tied situations in the board.

Workers representation for small and medium-sized companies is regulated in the Works Constitution Act of 1972 (Betriebsverfassungsgesetz). In joint stock companies with up to 2 000 employees, and in any other type of companies with 500 – 2 000 employees, the share of workers' representatives on the supervisory boards is one third. In smaller companies, employees do not have any extended influence on management. However, they can form workers’ councils (Betriebsräte) that have a say in social and personnel matters in companies with five or more employees. The law commits workers' councils to compromise with companies rather than seeking confrontation. It explicitly forbids exertion of pressure on companies. The Works Constitution Act ensures representation of both unionized and nonunion workers however because of high levels of unionisation in Germany, union members dominate most council.

The laws were extended in 1972 and 1976 to all large corporations, increasing the rights of workers to influence in plant management and job structuring. The general Codetermination Act of 1976 affects all corporations with more than 2,000 employees. Although the basic provision regarding the composition of the supervisory boards remains equal to that of the Iron and Steel Codetermination Act, decisive details restrict the influence of labor in this law. First, one of the representatives of the workers' side has to be an employee of the management level, who does not necessarily represent the interests of the employed. Furthermore, the chairperson of the supervisory board cannot be nominated without consent of the employer. The chair can cast the decisive vote in tied situations in the board.

The Works Constitution Act of 1972 (Betriebsverfassungsgesetz) regulates workers' representation in small and medium-sized companies. In joint stock companies with up to 2,000 employees, and in any other type of enterprise with 500 - 2,000 employees, the share of workers' representatives on the supervisory boards is one third. In smaller corporations, employees do not have any extended influence on management. However, they can form workers' councils (Betriebsräte) in any enterprise with more than five employees. These councils have a voice in social and personnel matters. The law commits workers' councils to cooperate with with companies rather than seeking confrontation. It explicitly forbids exertion of pressure on companies. The Works Constitution Act ensures representation of both unionized and non-union workers, but because of high levels of unionization in Germany, union members dominate most councils.

Anmerkungen

Source is mentioned on the previous page, but without relation to this text fragment. There have been minor adaptations to the copied text, and the last word is missing the plural.

Sichter
WiseWoman

[55.] Cs/Fragment 119 26 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 6. April 2012, 19:48 Kybot
Erstellt: 6. August 2011, 02:07 (Hindemith)
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, Global management 1995, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Hindemith, WiseWoman
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 119, Zeilen: 26-31
Quelle: Global management 1995
Seite(n): 300, Zeilen: Punkt 6
Decision-making is participative, and long-term plans are likely to be shared among organizational members. Operational decisions consider the views of those who must carry them out. The people involved in particular tasks are expected to make the routine decisions necessary to complete the task, and decisions are only referred to the superior when they involve unusual circumstances. Power differences between the different levels of hierarchy exist, but are minimized. [...] Decision making in general is participative, and long-term plans are likely to be shared among organizational members. Operational decisions incorporate the views of those who must carry them out. The people involved in particular tasks are expected to make the routine decisions necessary to complete the task, and decisions are only referred to the superior when they involve unusual circumstances. Power differences exist but are minimized, [...]
Anmerkungen

The text has been copied almost literally, the adaptations are minimal. There is no reference to the source.

Sichter
WiseWoman

[56.] Cs/Fragment 122 07 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 7. April 2012, 10:06 Kybot
Erstellt: 5. August 2011, 01:02 (Hindemith)
BauernOpfer, Cs, Fernandez 2006, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop

Typus
BauernOpfer
Bearbeiter
Hindemith, WiseWoman
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 122, Zeilen: 7-14
Quelle: Fernandez 2006
Seite(n): 4, Zeilen: 16-18, 21-27
One of the main problems when analysing culture and its effects on business outcomes is to isolate its influence from those due to purely economic variables for example the economic position, capital markets, investment etc. The new literature, referred to in Chapter 1 has tried to solve this problem in different ways. For example Botticini and Eckstein (2005)[FN 113 [sic!]] have used case studies. Another approach is to use attitudinal surveys to explain cross-country outcomes. However, the problem here is that variation in how individuals across countries answer these survey questions may reflect as much economic factors as they do cultural differences. [FN 2]

[FN 1: cf. Botticini/Eckstein (2005), pp. 922]

[FN 2: cf. Fernandez (2006) p.4.]

The main problem faced in any analysis of culture and its effects on economic

outcomes is to isolate its influence from those due to purely economic variables (prices, income, etc.). [...] The new literature in this field has met this challenge in different ways. Case studies (e.g. Botticini and Eckstein (2005)) are one direction. Using answers to attitudinal surveys to explain cross-country outcomes is another approach. In that case, however, the problem is that variation in how individuals across countries answer these survey questions may reflect as much economic factors as they do cultural differences.

Anmerkungen

The source is referenced, but quotation marks are missing such that the reader is left in the dark as to how much text has been copied and how little it has been adapted.

Sichter
WiseWoman

[57.] Cs/Fragment 176 08 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 7. April 2012, 10:06 Kybot
Erstellt: 5. August 2011, 19:38 (Hindemith)
Cs, Fernandez 2006, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Hindemith, WiseWoman
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 176, Zeilen: 8-15
Quelle: Fernandez 2006
Seite(n): 5, Zeilen: 13-19, 21-23
However the epidemiological strategy chosen does have some limitations, which may influence the quality of the results. Non-German managers may be subject to shocks (language, discrimination), which could make them deviate from their traditional behaviour. Furthermore, culture is socially constructed: to be replicated, the behaviour may require the incentives provided by larger social body such as their corporate environment. Furthermore, expatriates working abroad may not necessarily be a representative sample of their homecountry’s population. Finally, as time passes the non-German managers will assimilate to the German culture and the force of the original culture will be weakened. The epidemiological strategy has its own set of problems. Immigrants may be subject to many shocks (language, discrimination, greater uncertainty, etc.) which could cause them to deviate from their traditional behavior. Culture, furthermore, is socially constructed: to be replicated, the behavior may require the incentives provided by a larger social body such as a neighborhood, school, or ethnic network. Furthermore, immigrants are unlikely to be a representative sample of their home-country’s population. [...] Lastly, over time, assimilation to the dominant culture will presumably weaken the force of the original culture.
Anmerkungen

The text fragment has been adapted: The more general theory found in the source is made specific to the case of expatriate workers working in Germany. The source is not referenced. Since this is a half page, it is more than 50%.

Sichter
WiseWoman

[58.] Cs/Fragment 179 04 - Diskussion
Bearbeitet: 7. April 2012, 10:06 Kybot
Erstellt: 5. August 2011, 14:22 (Graf Isolan)
.de - Magazine Deutschland 2004, Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan, Hindemith
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 179, Zeilen: 4-7
Quelle: .de - Magazine Deutschland 2004
Seite(n): 1 (Internetversion), Zeilen: 74-76
One special characteristic, which is a result of this model, is the co-operation of employers and employees which is expressed in the equal financing of contributions to pensions, medical and long-term care and unemployment insurance [...] A special feature of the German system is the cooperation of employers and employees, expressed in the equal financing of contributions to pensions, medical and long-term care and unemployment insurance.
Anmerkungen

This sentence has been used before in this thesis [Fragment 101 08]. Neither there (where it forms part of a larger piece of copied text) nor here a reference to the source is given. As [Fragment 101 08] is unambiguously copied from the source, this shorter fragment here "inherits" this unambiguity. This is the final chapter "7. Conclusions and Outlook": the author seems to summarize her findings by copying parts of previous chapters -- in this case she copied plagiarized text.

Sichter
Hindemith

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