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Nierenfunktion Kinase-defizienter Mäuse

von Dr. Diana Sandulache

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[1.] Dsa/Fragment 039 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2016-08-06 20:29:51 WiseWoman
Boini 2006, Dsa, Fragment, Gesichtet, KomplettPlagiat, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop

Typus
KomplettPlagiat
Bearbeiter
Hindemith
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 39, Zeilen: 1-6
Quelle: Boini 2006
Seite(n): 21, Zeilen: 2ff
The in vivo significance of SGK1 in regulation of renal K+ transport was recently analyzed in SGK1 KO mice. These mice indeed show a disturbed adaptation to an acute and chronic K+ load, but, as indicated by electrophysiological and immunohistochemical data obtained from these mice after a chronic potassium load, this maladaptation likely is related to altered ENaC (or Na+, K+-ATPase) activity in the ASDN cells rather than to inhibition of ROMK cell surface targeting or activity (Huang DY. et al., (2004) J Am Soc Neprhol). The in vivo significance of SGK1 in regulation of renal K+ transport was recently analyzed in SGK1 KO mice. These mice indeed show a disturbed adaptation to an acute and chronic K+ load, but, as indicated by electrophysiological and immunohistochemical data obtained from these mice after a chronic potassium load, this maladaptation likely is related to altered ENaC (or Na+,K+-ATPase) activity in the ASDN cells rather than to inhibition of ROMK cell surface targeting or activity (Huang et al., 2004).
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Sichter
(Hindemith), WiseWoman

[2.] Dsa/Fragment 039 09 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2016-08-07 21:02:22 WiseWoman
Bowen 2003, Dsa, Fragment, Gesichtet, KomplettPlagiat, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop

Typus
KomplettPlagiat
Bearbeiter
Hindemith
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 39, Zeilen: 9-25
Quelle: Bowen 2003
Seite(n): 1 (online source), Zeilen: -
It is critical to maintain blood calcium concentrations within a tight normal range. Deviations above or below the normal range frequently lead to serious diseases. There are three major pools of calcium in the body:

Intracellular calcium: a large majority of calcium within cells is sequestered in mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum. Intracellular free calcium concentrations fluctuate greatly, from roughly 100 nM to greater than 1 μM, due to release from cellular stores or influx from extracellular fluid. These fluctuations are integral to calcium's role in intracellular signaling, enzyme activation and muscle contractions.

Calcium in blood and extracellular fluid: roughly half of the calcium in blood is bound to proteins. The concentration of ionized calcium in this compartment is normally almost invariant at approximately 1 mM or 10000 times the basal concentration of free calcium within cells. Also, the concentration of phosphorus in blood is essentially identical to that of calcium.

Bone calcium: a vast majority of body calcium is in bone. Within bone, 99% of the calcium is tied up in the mineral phase, but the remaining 1% is in a pool that can rapidly exchange with extracellular calcium.

It is critical to maintain blood calcium concentrations within a tight normal range. Deviations above or below the normal range frequently lead to serious disease.

[...]

There are three major pools of calcium in the body:

Intracellular calcium: A large majority of calcium within cells is sequestered in mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum. Intracellular free calcium concentrations fluctuate greatly, from roughly 100 nM to greater than 1 uM, due to release from cellular stores or influx from extracellular fluid. These fluctuations are integral to calcium's role in intracellular signaling, enzyme activation and muscle contractions.

Calcium in blood and extracellular fluid: Roughly half of the calcium in blood is bound to proteins. The concentration of ionized calcium in this compartment is normally almost invariant at approximately 1 mM, or 10,000 times the basal concentration of free calcium within cells. Also, the concentration of phosphorus in blood is essentially identical to that of calcium.

Bone calcium: A vast majority of body calcium is in bone. Within bone, 99% of the calcium is tied up in the mineral phase, but the remaining 1% is in a pool that can rapidly exchange with extracellular calcium.

Anmerkungen

The source is not mentioned.

Sichter
(Hindemith), WiseWoman


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