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Analysis of the European Union’s performance as an international mediator in the South Caucasus with respect to peace building in the region

von Dr. George Danielidze

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[1.] Gd/Fragment 063 05 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2013-12-16 21:11:34 Guckar
BauernOpfer, Fragment, Gd, Gesichtet, International Crisis Group 2006, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop

Typus
BauernOpfer
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 63, Zeilen: 5-11
Quelle: International Crisis Group 2006
Seite(n): 5, Zeilen: li.Sp. 21-28 - re.Sp. 1-5
Since 1999, EU funds have mainly gone to support PCA implementation. The TACIS National Indicative Programs (NIP) 2004-2005 prioritized support for institutional, legal and administrative reform and addressing the social consequences of transition and economic development. Between 1992 and 2004 TACIS national allocations were €111 million in Georgia, €123 million in Azerbaijan and €99 million in Armenia. Funds from the European Agriculture Guarantee and Guidance Fund (EAGGF) in 1992-2004 totalled €62 million in Georgia, €65 million in Azerbaijan and €50 million in Armenia.101

101 International Crisis Group – Conflict Resolution in the South Caucasus: The EU’s Role. Europe Report No.173, 20 March 2006. p.5

Since 1999 EU funds have mainly gone to support PCA implementation. The TACIS National Indicative Programs (NIP) 2004-2005 prioritised support for institutional, legal and administrative reform and addressing the social consequences of transition and economic development.51 Between 1992 and 2004 TACIS national allocations were €111 million in Georgia,52 €123 million in Azerbaijan53 and €99 million in Armenia.54 Funds from the European Agriculture Guarantee and Guidance Fund (EAGGF) in 1992-2004 totalled €62 million in Georgia,55 €65 million in Azerbaijan56 and €50 million in Armenia.57

51 European Commission, “TACIS National Indicative Program for Armenia 2004-2006”, adopted 18 September 2003.

52 Commission Staff Working Paper, op. cit., p. 8.

53 Information provided by the Europa House Information Point, Baku, February 2006.

54 “European Union-Armenia Cooperation Report 2004”, o. cit.

55 Commission Staff Working Paper, op. cit., p.8.

56 Information provided by the Europa House Information Point, Baku, February 2006.

57 EU’s Relations with Armenia, “Country Profile: Armenia”, at: http://europa.eu.int/comm/external_relations/armenia/intro/.

Anmerkungen

Obwohl identisch, bleiben Art und Umfang der Übernahme ungekennzeichnet.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan) Agrippina1

[2.] Gd/Fragment 063 11 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2013-12-18 18:23:45 Guckar
BauernOpfer, Fragment, Gd, Gesichtet, Lynch 2003b, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop

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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 63, Zeilen: 11-22, (22-27)
Quelle: Lynch 2003b
Seite(n): 166, 181, 182, Zeilen: 166:1-4; 181:23-28.36-40 - 182.1-2.(3-12)
Besides, the European Commission within the framework of the TACIS program supported the creation of a filter system against drug trade from Afghanistan along the old Silk Road.

A Communication on EU relations with the South Caucasus under the PCA of June 1999 identified the conflicts as the root causes of the region’s political, economic and humanitarian problems. In the Commission’s view, EU assistance could only be effective if two conditions were fulfilled: firstly, if the conflicts were settled; and secondly, if regional cooperation became possible. The EC also recognized that the “effectiveness of EC assistance is directly connected to the development of the peace processes”. However, the member states declared that the PCAs offered the best framework for the transformation of the three states. There would be no strategy, and no political role other than that offered by the PCA framework. As Dov Lynch puts it out – “The GAC (General Affairs Council) recognized that EU assistance would be ineffective without conflict settlement, but refused to create a framework that would actually enhance the prospects for the settlement – the PCAs patently not being enough for these purpose. (…) The EU had entered something of a vicious circle, where the correct analysis was being made but there was no political will to act on its conclusions.”102


102 Baev, Cornell – The South Caucasus. ISS, Dec. 2003. p.182

[Seite 166]

The European Commission, in the framework of its TACIS regional programme, supports the creation of a ‘filter system’ against drug trade from Afghanistan along the Silk Route.

[Seite 181]

A Communication on EU relations with the South Caucasus under the PCA of June 1999 identified the conflicts as the root causes of the region’s political, economic and humanitarian problems.23 In the Commission’s view, EU assistance could only be effective if two conditions were fulfilled: if the conflicts were settled and if regional cooperation became possible. [...]

[...] The GAC also recognised that the ‘effectiveness of EC assistance is directly connected to the development of the peace processes’. However, the member states declared that the PCAs offered the best framework for the transformation of the three states. There

[Seite 182]

would be no strategy, and no political role other than that offered by the PCA framework. [...] The GAC recognised that EU assistance would be ineffective without conflict settlement, but refused to create a framework that would actually enhance the prospects for their settlement – the PCAs patently not being enough for this purpose. At the same time, the Council called for an emphasis on greater regional cooperation, an objective that was blocked by the non-settlement of the conflicts. The EU had entered something of a vicious circle, where the correct analysis was being made but there was no political will to act on its conclusions.


23. See ‘Bilateral Relations – South Caucasus’, Bulletin EU 6-1999, 1 March 1998.

Anmerkungen

Art und Umfang der Übernahme bleiben ungekennzeichnet.

Das Zitat wurde nicht in die Zeilenzählung aufgenommen.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan) Schumann


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