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Analysis of the European Union’s performance as an international mediator in the South Caucasus with respect to peace building in the region

von Dr. George Danielidze

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[1.] Gd/Fragment 065 19 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2013-12-16 21:12:16 Guckar
BauernOpfer, Fragment, Gd, Gesichtet, International Crisis Group 2006, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop

Typus
BauernOpfer
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 65, Zeilen: 21-30
Quelle: International Crisis Group 2006
Seite(n): 5, 6, Zeilen: 5:re.Sp. 12-21 - 6:li.Sp. 1-9
As Crisis Group indicates, impressed by the reformist rhetoric of President Saakashvili’s new administration, the EU expressed firm political support for stability and reform in the country. In June 2004, the Commission pledged nearly 1 billion USD. On 2 July 2004, the Commission made available €4.65 million under its Rapid Reaction Mechanism for measures to reinforce the rule of law and democratic processes; and at the request of Georgian authorities the Council launched the ESDP rule of law mission to help address urgent challenges in the criminal justice system. The new EU projects were partly conflict prevention measures – efforts to solidify the revolution’s foundations and combat risks of destabilization. They also complemented existing TACIS programs supporting institutional, legal and administrative reforms.106

106 International Crisis Group – Conflict Resolution in the South Caucasus: The EU’s Role. Europe Report No.173, 20 March 2006. p.5-6

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Impressed by the reformist rhetoric of President Saakashvili’s new administration, the EU agreed to early support.59 The Council made three statements within three months in 2003-2004 expressing firm political support for stability and reform in Georgia.60 The Commission took the lead in organising a June 2004 donors conference during which pledges of nearly $1 billion61 were made.62 On 2 July 2004 the Commission made available €4.65 million under its Rapid Reaction Mechanism (RRM) for measures to

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reinforce the rule of law and democratic processes,63 and at the request of Georgian authorities the Council launched the ESDP rule of law mission to help address urgent challenges in the criminal justice system.64 The new EU projects were partly conflict prevention measures – efforts to solidify the revolution’s foundations and combat risks of destabilisation. They also complemented existing TACIS programs supporting institutional, legal and administrative reforms.65


59 General Affairs and External Relations Council (GAERC), Council Conclusions, 26 January 2004, at: http://europa.eu.int/ comm/external_relations/georgia/intro/gac.htm#geo260104.

60 General Affairs and External Relations Council (GAERC), Council Conclusions, 17 November 2003, 9 December 2003 and 26 January 2004, at: http://europa.eu.int/comm/external_ relations/georgia/intro/gac.htm#geo260104.

61 Figures denoted in dollars ($) in this report refer to U.S. dollars.

62 European Commission and World Bank, “International donors give extraordinary support to Georgia: approx $1 billion/ €850 million pledged”, Joint Press Release, Brussels, 16 June 2004, at: http://europa.eu.int/comm/external_ relations/ georgia/ intro/press170604.pdf.

63 http://europa.eu.int/comm/external_relations/georgia/intro/ip 04_846.htm. Funds were allocated to projects in four areas: penitentiary and probation service reform, organisational reform of the ministry of justice and other public institutions, parliamentary and electoral reform, and confidence building among population groups affected by conflict.

64 Joint Action 2004/523/CFSP, “on the European Union Rule of Law Mission in Georgia, EUJUST THEMIS”, 28 June 2004. EUJUST Themis terminated on 15 July 2005, after which and until March 2006, when the lead went to the Commission, the EUSR had a responsibility to follow up implementation of the reform strategy (Joint Action 2005/582/CFSP of 28 July 2005).

65 The EU supported has democratisation and human rights in Georgia since the early 1990s. This has not been so in Armenia and Azerbaijan. NGOs from all three countries can, nevertheless, apply for European Initiative for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR) funds.

Anmerkungen

Trotz weitgehender wörtlicher Übereinstimmung bleiben Art und Umfang der Übernahme ungekennzeichnet.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan) Schumann


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