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Typus
BauernOpfer
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 20, Zeilen: 1-18
Quelle: Lynch 2003
Seite(n): 14, 15, Zeilen: 14:2-21; 15:15-22
[As Lynch declares, Civil-military relations are poor in each South Caucasus state, either because the military plays too strong role in politics or because] the civilian leadership has purposefully sought to weaken the armed forces. Both Azerbaijan and Georgia have seen unrest in their armed forces because of the conditions of service and the lack of funding by the government. Relations between the central governments in the capitals and the regions were also troubled. The capital cities have attracted all of the pledged investments, which made the gap with the surrounding regions wide. On a daily level, an individual’s interaction with the state is distinctly predatory: either one has a position/function, in which the resources of the state may be captured for private use, or one has to apply various forms of state rent-seeking behaviour. Lynch says that the institutional weakness of the South Caucasian is a vicious circle: the governments suffer from very low levels of tax collection, which provides little revenue for the provision of public services in health care and education, the latter creates greater public discontent as well as incentives for corruption – all these decrease popular willingness to pay taxes.12

The weakness of the South Caucasian states is evident also in the large proportion of their populations who have left their countries to work abroad as economic migrants. The figures vary between ten to twenty percent of the working population who left mainly for Russia. This trend reflects the lack of professional opportunity available in the region. It may also illustrate a deep-seated perception of illegitimacy of the states that have arisen in the last ten years.13


12 Baev Pavel, Coppieters Bruno, Cornell E. Svante – The South Caucasus: a challenge for the EU. Institute for Security Studies, Chaillot Papers No. 65. December 2003. p.14

13 Baev, Cornell – The South Caucasus. ISS, Dec. 2003. p.15

[Seite 14]

Civil-military relations are poor in each of them, either because the military plays too strong a role in politics or because the civilian leadership has purposefully sought to weaken the armed forces. Both Azerbaijan and Georgia have seen unrest in their armed forces because of the conditions of service and the lack of funding by the government. Relations between the central governments in the capitals and the regions are also troubled. In general, the capital cities have attracted all of the (little) investment that has been made over the last decade, and the gap with the surrounding regions is wide. On a daily level, the individual’s interaction with the state is distinctly predatory: either one has a position/function, in which the resources of the state may be captured for private use or one ends up on the receiving end of various forms of state rent-seeking. The institutional weakness of the South Caucasian is a vicious circle: the governments suffer from very low levels of tax collection, which provides little revenue for the provision of public services in health care and education, which creates greater public discontent as well as incentives for corruption – all of which decrease popular willingness to pay taxes.

[Seite 15]

The weakness of the South Caucasian states (as opposed to nations) is evident also in the large proportion of their populations who have left their countries to work abroad as economic migrants. The figures vary between ten to twenty per cent of the working populations who have left, mainly for Russia. This trend reflects the lack of professional opportunity available in the South Caucasus. It may also illustrate a deep-seated perception of the illegitimacy of the states that have arisen in the last ten years.

Anmerkungen

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Sichter
(Graf Isolan) Schumann

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