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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 022, Zeilen: 22-32
Quelle: Adams 2001
Seite(n): 47, 48, Zeilen: 08-16, 24-26, 1-4
In the 20th century Baku Oil has had a disproportionate influence on world affairs that continues to today. “Blood, Oil and Politics” are the stuff of contemporary Caucasian history.17

Adams indicates that by 1900, Baku oil production led the world. Under the remarkable leadership of the Nobels and the Rothchilds, it was a centre of technical innovation and global finance. But, Baku was also a centre of conspicuous consumption, which very publicly displayed the worst aspects of unconstrained Capitalism. Baku oil then became a key strategic target for Germany and turkey in their attempts to fuel their war efforts in the World War I. After the war Britain took control of the oil. Caucasian leaders used Baku oil as a political lever to the West in their attempts to secure


17 Diplomatische Akademie Wien – Promoting institutional responses to the challenges in the Caucasus. Favorita Papers 2001. p.46

There are many lessons to be learned from the tumultuous history of Baku Oil. In fact it

would seem that Baku Oil in the 20th century has had a disproportionate influence on World Affairs, that continues to today. ”Blood, Oil and Politics” are the stuff of contemporary Caucasian history; and the current challenge is how to create a lasting Peace within this volatile region. By 1900 Baku oil production led the world. Under the remarkable leadership of the Nobels and the Rothchilds it was a centre of technical innovation and global finance. But Baku was also a centre of conspicuous consumption, which very publicly displayed the worst aspects of unconstrained Capitalism. It was a time of social deprivation and exploitation of the Baku oil workers that inevitably created a fertile breeding ground for Bolshevism in the Caucasus. In 1903 a young ex- Georgian priest by the name of Joseph Stalin earned his spurs in the successful organisation of Baku and Tblisi Labour, in their fight against the oil owners. At the same time the imperial politics of Russia inflamed the ethnic conflicts of the Caucasus, between the richer Christian Armenians, and the poorer Muslim workers. The ethnic massacres in Baku of 1905, 1908 and 1918 are as alive today as they were 90 years or so ago. Baku Oil then became a key strategic target for Germany and Turkey in their attempts to fuel their war effort in the First World War. The Western Allies recognised the threat and responded accordingly. With the collapse of war in 1918 Britain took control of Baku Oil.

[S. 48]

But the Caucasian leaders themselves were ill prepared for their newly found independence from Russia. Nevertheless they still used Baku Oil as a political lever with the West, in their attempts to secure their fragile independence.

Anmerkungen

Angesichts der Nennung des Autoren und der Quelle in Anm. 17 kann das Fragement als KW eingestuft werden.

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