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Seite: 81, Zeilen: 20-32
|Quelle: Lynch 2003b|
Seite(n): 173, 174, 191, Zeilen: 173:32-37 - 174:1-10 191:14-17
|The enlarged EU has new borders with Belarus, Ukraine, Russia (as a consequence of the 2004 enlargement), Moldova and the Black Sea (after the 2007 enlargement). These new borders have brought EU a new obligation of thinking about the states on its periphery and the policies that should be developed in response to potential and actual threats emerging from these regions. One more reason why a new policy should be drafted was the fact that the PCA approach applied to the former Soviet republics was not good enough to promote EU political interests. So, the EU has started to rethink policy towards the states on its new borders. During the 90s and in the first years of the beginning of 21st century, the European Union’s foreign policy was unskilled. In case the membership prospect was not granted to a country, the EU had nearly no other strategy for relations with the latter. In 2003, the Commission’s “Wider Europe” Communication reflects an attempt to develop policies towards states where the EU has significant interests but where membership is not a prospect.||[Seite 173]
Second, the enlarged EU will have new borders, immediately with Belarus, Ukraine and Russia, and at some time after 2007 with Moldova and the Black Sea. These new borders also bring a new immediacy to EU thinking about the states on its periphery and the policies that should be adopted in response to potential and actual threats emerging from these regions.
Third, partly in response to these pressures, the EU has started to rethink policy towards the states on its new borders. For much for the 1990s, EU ‘foreign policy’ – if this is the appropriate term – revolved around the question of membership/non-membership: if membership was on the cards, then the EU had a fully developed policy towards a given state; if it was not, then the EU had little policy at all. This is changing. The Commission’s ‘Wider Europe’ Communication reflects an attempt to develop policies towards states where the EU has significant interests but where membership is not a prospect for now.
Second, the blanket PCA approach applied to the former Soviet republics in the mid-1990s will not be enough to assist the transformation of these states or to promote EU political interests.
Ohne Hinweis auf eine Übernahme.