Seite: 88, Zeilen: 14-26
|Quelle: International Crisis Group 2006|
Seite(n): 9, 10, Zeilen: 9: re. Spalte: 2ff; 10: li. Spalte: 1
|As already mentioned previously, Tbilisi wants the peaceful resolution of internal conflicts to be the first priority in the Action Plan. Tbilisi considers integration into the Europe to be a key factor for resolving its conflicts and assumes that cooperation with the EU will be based only on respect of the “sovereignty and territorial integrity of Georgia within its internationally recognized borders”. It seeks EU support for implementing the Georgian peace plans for settlement of the conflicts in South Ossetia and Abkhazia and would like the Action Plan to include more instruments from the ESDP toolbox promoting regional stability and crisis management. Georgia appreciates the economic rehabilitation assistance the EU provides in the South Ossetia and Abkhazia, but declares that this kind of help should be supplemented by greater political and military engagement. Thus, Tbilisi seeks direct EU political participation in the settlement of the conflicts, which it considers to be unresolved primarily because of Russian ambiguous meddling; and believes that the EU could exercise a positive influence on Russia to make its role more constructive.||Tbilisi wants the “peaceful resolution of internal conflicts” to be the first priority in its Action Plan.103 Detailed measures to increase “cooperation for the settlement of Georgia’s internal conflicts” are elaborated upon in the draft “Elements for Inclusion”, proposed to Brussels in December 2005, since Tbilisi considers integration into Europe a key factor for resolving its conflicts.104 Georgia is lobbying for a pledge that cooperation with the EU will based on respect of the “sovereignty and territorial integrity of Georgia within its internationally recognised borders”. It seeks EU support for implementing the Georgian “peace plan for settlement of the conflict in South Ossetia”, including assistance in demilitarisation, confidence building, and economic development,105 and would like the Action Plan to include more instruments from the ESDP toolbox to promote regional stability and crisis management. Georgia is appreciative of the economic rehabilitation assistance the EU provides in the South Ossetia and Abkhazia conflict zones106but clearly feels that this kind of help should be supplemented by greater political and military security-related engagement.107
[...] It seeks direct EU political participation in the settlement of the South Ossetian and Abkhaz conflicts, which it considers to be unresolved primarily because of Russian meddling, and believes the EU “can have a positive influence on Russia
to make its role more constructive”.108
103 “Elements for Inclusion in an EU/Georgia ENP Action Plan”, amended draft 20 December 2005, p.3. In earlier versions, peaceful resolution of the conflicts was not identified as a primary priority, though it was included. Crisis Group interview, former official, Georgian ministry of foreign affairs, Tbilisi, December 2005.
104 Addressing the European Parliament’s Foreign Affairs Committee in Brussels, Foreign Minister Gela Bezhuashvilil explained, “the most serious impediment for the consolidation of democracy and economic development in Georgia has been internal so-called ‘frozen conflicts’ in Abkhazia and South Ossetia. [The] existence of conflicts poses a major threat to the security and development of not only Georgia, but is detrimental to democracy, security, and stability in the South Caucasus region as a whole.” Ahto Lobjakas, “Georgia lobbies for EU backing in standoffs with Russia”, RFE/RL Caucasus Report, 27 January 2006.
105 As proposed in the “Elements for Inclusion in an EU/Georgia ENP Action Plan”, amended draft, 20 December 2005. For more, see Section IV below.
106 See Section III below.
107 Crisis Group interview, official, Office of the State Minister of Georgia on European and Euro-Atlantic Integration, Tbilisi, December 2005.
108 Giorgi Baramidze, Georgian State Minister on European and Euro-Atlantic Integration, talking points for a meeting with Benita Ferrero-Waldner, EU Commissioner for External Relations and European Neighbourhood Policy, May 2005, at http://www.eu-integration.gov.ge/eng/speeches. php.
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