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Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 174, Zeilen: 1-27
Quelle: Evers 2003
Seite(n): 44, 45, 46, Zeilen: 44:19-22.28-29.32-33; 45:1-4.12-14.18-20.22-23.24-27; 46:10-12.27-29.29-31
The South Ossetian Case

South Ossetia is also called Samachablo (by the Georgians) and occupies 3,900 square kilometers. It is situated in the northern part of Georgia and borders North Ossetia, which is one part of Russia. The South Ossetians are of the Orthodox Christian belief. Few of them are Sunni Muslims. The Ossetian language belongs to the Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. The use of the South Ossetian language is declining; the most of the South Ossetians use the Russian one to communicate. A big part of them has a good command of the Georgian language too.

The Ossetians see themselves as an autochthon ethnicity and descendants of Scythians and Alans, tribes that were once nomads wandering through the southern parts of today’s Ukraine and Russia as well as the North Caucasus. They believe that the first Ossetian feudal state was formed between the 9th and 13th centuries. With the Mongol invasion in the 13th century, the Ossetians were forced to withdraw to the upper plateaus of the Caucasus. In the 14th century, they began to settle the southern slopes of the mountains again.243

To the contrary, the Georgians are convinced that South Ossetia is one of their oldest historical and spiritual centers and indivisible part of Georgia. They believe that Ossetians are latecomers in the region. In Georgian view, it was first only in the 17th and 18th centuries that the Ossetians began to cross the Caucasian mountains and reside the territory of Georgia. But, as it was in the Abkhazian case, the roots to the conflict are to be found in the beginning of 20th century, starting with invasion of the Russian Red Army in Georgia.

On 20 April 1922, South Ossetia was made the South Ossetian Autonomous Region (Oblast) of Georgia. The new soviet constitution of 5 December 1936 confirmed the autonomous status of South Ossetia within the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic.


243 Evers Frank (Dr.): Mission Information Package South Caucasus. Center for OSCE Research. Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy at the University of Hamburg. 2003. pp. 44-45

[Seite 44]

2. The Conflict over South Ossetia (Tskhinvali)

South Ossetia covers an area of 3,900 sq km. It is located in the northern part of Georgia, and is bordered by Georgian districts and by North Ossetia (Alanya) in the Russian Federation. [...] Like their Georgian neighbours, the South Ossetes are of the Orthodox Christian belief. Few of them are Sunni Muslims. [...]

The Ossetian language belongs to the Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family.

[Seite 45]

The use of the Ossetian language is declining. There are Ossetian TV channels and newspapers, but the lingua franca in the region is Russian which is spoken and written by most Ossetes. Commonly, South Ossetes have a command of Georgian.

[...]

The Ossetes call themselves Iron and Ossetia Iriston. They see themselves as autochthon ethnicity and descendants of Scythians and Alans, tribes that were once nomads wandering through the southern parts of today’s Ukraine and Russia as well as the North Caucasus. [...] With the Mongol invasion in the 13th century, the Ossetes were forced to withdraw to the upper plateaus of the Caucasus. In the 14th century, they began to cross the Caucasus mountains again and started to settle in Georgian territory. [...] The Georgians are convinced that South Ossetia is one of their oldest historical and spiritual centres and an indivisible part of Georgia. [...] They believe the Ossetes were, relatively speaking, latecomers to the region. In Georgian view, it was only in the 17th and 18th centuries that the Ossetes began to drift slowly southward from (Russian) North Ossetia southwards to Georgia.

[Seite 46]

[...] At the end of the day, the present-day conflict between Georgia and South Ossetia appears to have arisen due to Russian dominance, revolutionary changes and Soviet transformations.

[...]

On 20 April 1922, South Ossetia was made the South Ossetian Autonomous Region (Oblast) of Georgia, which in turn had joined the Federal Socialist Transcaucasus Soviet Republic (12 March 1922). [...] The new Soviet Constitution of 5 December 1936 confirmed the autonomous status of South Ossetia within the newly established Georgian Socialist Soviet Republic.

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