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Typus
KomplettPlagiat
Bearbeiter
Hindemith
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 16, Zeilen: 1-7, 10-13
Quelle: Ebong et al 2006
Seite(n): H2015, Zeilen: l. Spalte: 39 ff.
Endothelial gap junctions are channels that permit and strictly regulate communication throughout the endothelial monolayer and between endothelial cells and adjacent smooth muscle and circulating blood cells. Endothelial cell migration and growth, particularly following injury and during angiogenesis, depend on communication through gap junctions[71-75]. In addition, gap junctions coordinate vascular tone and vasomotion [76-78] and participate in the regulation of immunoinflammatory responses[79, 80].

[...] Gap junctions are formed by a pair of hemichannels called connexons, each contributed by one of two neighboring cells. Connexons are composed of six connexin monomer subunits arranged around a central pore(Fig.1.6.)[82].


71. Kwak, B.R., et al., Inhibition of endothelial wound repair by dominant negative connexin inhibitors. Mol Biol Cell, 2001. 12(4): p. 831-45.

72. Larson, D.M., et al., Differential regulation of connexin43 and connexin37 in endothelial cells by cell density, growth, and TGF-beta1. Am J Physiol, 1997. 272(2 Pt 1): p. C405-15.

73. Pepper, M.S., et al., Junctional communication is induced in migrating capillary endothelial cells. J Cell Biol, 1989. 109(6 Pt 1): p. 3027-38.

74. Xie, H.Q. and V.W. Hu, Modulation of gap junctions in senescent endothelial cells. Exp Cell Res, 1994. 214(1): p. 172-6.

75. Yeh, H.I., et al., Age-related alteration of gap junction distribution and connexin expression in rat aortic endothelium. J Histochem Cytochem, 2000. 48(10): p. 1377-89.

76. Chaytor, A.T., W.H. Evans, and T.M. Griffith, Central role of heterocellular gap junctional communication in endothelium-dependent relaxations of rabbit arteries. J Physiol, 1998. 508 ( Pt 2): p. 561-73.

77. Christ, G.J., et al., Gap junctions in vascular tissues. Evaluating the role of intercellular communication in the modulation of vasomotor tone. Circ Res, 1996. 79(4): p. 631-46.

78. de Wit, C., et al., Impaired conduction of vasodilation along arterioles in connexin40-deficient mice. Circ Res, 2000. 86(6): p. 649-55.

79. Oviedo-Orta, E., R.J. Errington, and W.H. Evans, Gap junction intercellular communication during lymphocyte transendothelial migration. Cell Biol Int, 2002. 26(3): p. 253-63.

80. Wong, C.W., T. Christen, and B.R. Kwak, Connexins in leukocytes: shuttling messages? Cardiovasc Res, 2004. 62(2): p. 357-67.

82. Sohl, G. and K. Willecke, Gap junctions and the connexin protein family. Cardiovasc Res, 2004. 62(2): p. 228-32.

Endothelial gap junctions are channels that permit and strictly regulate communication throughout the endothelial monolayer and between endothelial cells and adjacent smooth muscle and circulating blood cells. Endothelial cell migration and growth, particularly following injury and during angiogenesis, depend on communication through gap junctions (31, 33, 38, 51, 52). In addition, gap junctions coordinate vascular tone and vasomotion (11, 13, 17) and participate in the regulation of immunoinflammatory responses (36, 50).

Gap junctions are formed by a pair of hemichannels called connexons, each contributed by one of two neighboring cells. Connexons are composed of six connexin monomer subunits arranged around a central pore.


11. Chaytor AT, Evans WH, and Griffith TM. Central role of heterocellular gap junctional communication in endothelium-dependent relaxations of rabbit arteries. J Physiol 508: 561–573, 1998.

13. Christ GJ, Spray DC, el-Sabban M, Moore LK, and Brink PR. Gap junctions in vascular tissues. Evaluating the role of intercellular communication in the modulation of vasomotor tone. Circ Res 79: 631–646, 1996.

17. De Wit C, Roos F, Bolz SS, Kirchhoff S, Krüger O, Willecke K, and Pohl U. Impaired conduction of vasodilation along arterioles in connexin40-deficient mice. Circ Res 86: 649–655, 2000.

31. Kwak BR, Pepper MS, Gros DB, and Meda P. Inhibition of endothelial wound repair by dominant negative connexin inhibitors. Mol Biol Cell 12: 831–845, 2001.

33. Larson DM, Wrobleski MJ, Sagar GD, Westphale EM, and Beyer EC. Differential regulation of connexin43 and connexin37 in endothelial cells by cell density, growth, and TGF-beta1. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 272: C405–C415, 1997.

36. Oviedo-Orta E, Errington RJ, and Evans WH. Gap junction intercellular communication during lymphocyte transendothelial migration. Cell Biol Int 26: 253–263, 2002.

38. Pepper MS, Spray DC, Chanson M, Montesano R, Orci L, and Meda P. Junctional communication is induced in migrating capillary endothelial cells. J Cell Biol 109: 3027–3038, 1989.

50. Wong CW, Christen T, and Kwak BR. Connexins in leukocytes: shuttling messages? Cardiovasc Res 62: 357–367, 2004.

51. Xie HQ and Hu VW. Modulation of gap junctions in senescent endothelial cells. Exp Cell Res 214: 172–176, 1994.

52. Yeh HI, Chang HM, Lu WW, Lee YN, Ko YS, Severs NJ, and Tsai CH. Age-related alteration of gap junction distribution and connexin expression in rat aortic endothelium. J Histochem Cytochem 48: 1377–1389, 2000.

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