Fandom

VroniPlag Wiki

Ib/Fragment 003 11

< Ib

31.373Seiten in
diesem Wiki
Seite hinzufügen
Diskussion0 Teilen

Störung durch Adblocker erkannt!


Wikia ist eine gebührenfreie Seite, die sich durch Werbung finanziert. Benutzer, die Adblocker einsetzen, haben eine modifizierte Ansicht der Seite.

Wikia ist nicht verfügbar, wenn du weitere Modifikationen in dem Adblocker-Programm gemacht hast. Wenn du sie entfernst, dann wird die Seite ohne Probleme geladen.


Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
SleepyHollow02
Gesichtet
No.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 3, Zeilen: 11 ff.
Quelle: Sayed 2011
Seite(n): 3 f., Zeilen: 4: 1 ff.
1.3.1.1 World barley production and utilization

Barley is a cereal grain, early maturing grain with a high yield potential and widely adaptable crop (Harlan 1976). Barley (Hordeum vulgare ssp. vulgare L.) ranks fourth in world cereal crop production and is used for, in order of importance, animal feed, brewing malts and human food. World barley production in 2010 was approximately 123.5 million metric tons (MMT) produced on 47.59 million hectares (MH). It is grown for animal feed, human food, and malt. However, in developing countries, most barley is grown in marginal environments, often on the fringes of deserts and steppes or at high elevations in the tropics, receiving modest or no inputs. This partly explains why yields there are nearly half of those in developed countries. Although barley is considered to be one of oldest cultivated cereal grains and was used extensively as a food in the past, only a small amount of barley is used for human consumption. In recent years there has been a growing research interest for the utilization of barley in a wide range of food applications (Bhatty, 1999; Bilgi and Çelik, 2004 and Köksel et al. 1999).

1.3.1.2 Taxonomic position and origin of barley

Linnaeus was the first to provide a botanical description of barley in his species Plantarium in 1753. Barley is a grass belonging to the family Poaceae, the tribe Triticeae and the genus Hordeum. There are 32 species, for a total of 45 taxa in the genus Hordeum that are separated into four sections (Bothmer 1992). The four sections proposed by Bothmer are as follows: Hordeum, Anisolepis, Critesion, and Stenostachys. The division of the genus into sections puts plants into groups that have similar morphological characteristics, similarities in ecology, [life forms and geographical area of origin.]

1.1.1 World barley production and utilization

Barley is a short season, early maturing grain with a high yield potential, and may be found on the fringes of agriculture in widely varying environments (Harlan 1976). World barley production in 2009 was approximately 155.1 million metric tons (MMT) produced on 54.13 million hectares (MH). Europe had the largest growing area of barley, harvesting 27.8 MH and producing 95.9 MMT in 2009, which was 61.8% of the total world barley production. It is grown for animal feed, human food, and malt. However, in developing countries, most barley is grown in marginal environments, often on the fringes of deserts and steppes or at high elevations in the tropics, receiving modest or no inputs. This partly explains

[p.4:] why yields there are nearly half of those in developed countries. Although barley is considered to be one of oldest cultivated cereal grains and was used extensively as a food in the past. Barley use as food in the European Community was even less (0.3%) than in the United States. The largest use for barley as a food was in Morocco (61%), Ethiopia (79%), China (62%), and India (73%) (Kent and Evers 1994).

1.1.2 Taxonomic position and origin of barley

Linnaeus was the first to provide a botanical description of barley in his Species Plantarium in 1753 (Bothmer and Jacobsen 1985). Barley is a grass belonging to the family Poaceae, the tribe Triticeae and the genus Hordeum. There are 32 species, for a total of 45 taxa in the genus Hordeum that are separated into four sections (Bothmer 1992). The four sections proposed by Bothmer are as follows: Hordeum, Anisolepis, Critesion, and Stenostachys. The division of the genus into sections puts plants into groups that have similar morphological characteristics, life forms, similarities in ecology, and geographical area of origin.

Anmerkungen

Source is not given.

Sichter
(SleepyHollow02)

Auch bei Fandom

Zufälliges Wiki