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Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
SleepyHollow02
Gesichtet
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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 4, Zeilen: 1-11
Quelle: Sayed 2011
Seite(n): 4, 3, 1, Zeilen: 4: 12 ff.; 3: 1: 6 ff.
The basic chromosome number of x = 7 is represented across the 45 taxa as diploid (2n = 2x = 14), tetraploid (2n = 4x = 28), and hexaploid (2n = 6x = 42). Six species are listed in the section Hordeum; H. bulbosum, H. murinum ssp. glaucum, H. murinum ssp. leporinum, H. murinum ssp. murinum L., H. vulgare ssp. vulgare, and H. vulgare ssp. spontaneum. The genomes of H. vulgare ssp. vulgare (cultivated barley) and H. vulgare ssp. spontaneum (wild barley) are identical and interfertile.

Barley is a short season crop, early maturing grain found in widely varying environments around the world. Barley provides an very good system for genome mapping and genetic studies, due to (1) its diploid nature, (2) low chromosome number (2n=14), (3) relatively large chromosomes (6-8 μm), (4) high degree of self fertility, and (5) ease of hybridization (Sreenivasulu et al. 2008, Hussain 2006).]

The division of the genus into sections puts plants into groups that have similar morphological characteristics, life forms, similarities in ecology, and geographical area of origin. The basic chromosome number of x = 7 is represented across the 45 taxa as diploid (2n = 2x = 14), tetraploid (2n = 4x = 28), and hexaploid (2n = 6x = 42). Six species are listed in the section Hordeum; H. bulbosum, H. murinum ssp. glaucum, H. murinum ssp. leporinum, H. murinum ssp. murinum L., H. vulgare ssp. vulgare, and H. vulgare ssp. spontaneum. The genomes of H. vulgare ssp. vulgare (cultivated barley) and H. vulgare ssp. spontaneum (wild barley) are identical and interfertile (Fedak 1992).

[page 3:]

Barley is a short season, early maturing grain with a high yield potential, and may be found on the fringes of agriculture in widely varying environments (Harlan 1976).

[page 1:]

Barley (Hordeum vulgare ssp. vulgare L.) is one of the important crops worldwide and provides an excellent system for genome mapping and genetic studies, due to (1) its diploid nature, (2) low chromosome number (2n=14), (3) relatively large chromosomes (6-8 μm), (4) high degree of self fertility, and (5) ease of hybridization (Sreenivasulu et al. 2008, Hussain et al. 2006).

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