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Reconsolidation: Behavioural and Electrophysiological Sequelae of Context and Stress in Human Episodic Memory

von Dr. Jennifer L. Moore

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[1.] Jm/Fragment 028 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2014-02-18 20:49:52 Hindemith
BauernOpfer, Fragment, Gesichtet, Jm, Nadel 2008, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop

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BauernOpfer
Bearbeiter
Hindemith
Gesichtet
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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 28, Zeilen: 1-15
Quelle: Nadel 2008
Seite(n): 11, Zeilen: r. col: 26-50
[That these conditions are effective is hardly] surprising since the previous study had shown that context alone is enough to trigger updating.

This set of experiments demonstrates that reconsolidation, as reflected in memory updating effects dependent upon reminding, can be observed in human learning. They further show that such updating only occurs when the context is part of the reminder manipulation, at least in the experimental conditions of these aforementioned studies. Nadel and colleagues conjecture that these results support the idea that context plays a unique role in determining how the memory system behaves. Thus, when in the same context – updating and transformation of an existing memory trace ensues, but when in a new context, an entirely new memory representation is formed.

Thus, it appears that context is an integral component of episodic memory. It is, however, more than just a component of such memory. It also seems to play a determining role in the dynamics of the episodic memory system as a whole. To the extent to which this is the case, further study concerning how context is represented physiologically should greatly enhance our understanding of human memory.

That these conditions are effective is hardly surprising since the previous study had shown that context alone is enough to trigger updating.

This set of experiments demonstrates that reconsolidation, as reflected in memory updating effects dependent upon reminding, can be observed in human learning. They further show that such updating only occurs when the context is part of the reminder manipulation, at least in the experimental conditions of our studies. We believe these results support the idea that context plays a unique role in determining how the memory system behaves. Put most directly: when in the same context, an existing representation is updated and transformed, but when the organism is in a new context, an entirely new representation is created.

CONCLUSIONS

Context is a critical component of episodic memory. It is, however, more than just a component of such memory. It also seems to play a determining role in the dynamics of the episodic memory system as a whole. To the extent to which this is the case, further study of how context is represented physiologically should greatly enhance our understanding of human memory.

Anmerkungen

While it is clear to the reader that the first two paragraphs are describing the work of Nadel et al. the third paragraph is presented to the reader as a conclusion of the author.

That the structure of all three paragraphs as well as many formulations are taken from Nadel (2008) is not clear to the reader at all.

Sichter
(Hindemith) Schumann


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