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Reconsolidation: Behavioural and Electrophysiological Sequelae of Context and Stress in Human Episodic Memory

von Dr. Jennifer L. Moore

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Statistik und Sichtungsnachweis dieser Seite findet sich am Artikelende
[1.] Jm/Fragment 086 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2014-01-28 00:09:07 Hindemith
Dickerson and Kemeny 2004, Fragment, Gesichtet, Jm, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 86, Zeilen: 1-12
Quelle: Dickerson and Kemeny 2004
Seite(n): 355, Zeilen: right col. 12-27
Hans Selye (1956) argued that the stress response, which includes HPA activation, was nonspecific: all stressors, whether physical or psychological, would elicit the same physiological reaction. Others have concluded from the early work investigating the effects of severe physically traumatic experiences on cortisol activity (e.g., electric shock, injury) that only extreme or prolonged stressful conditions trigger cortisol elevations. Some have focused on the specific characteristics of the stressor, hypothesizing that contexts that are novel (Rose, 1980), unpredictable (Mason, 1968), uncontrollable (Henry & Grim, 1990; Sapolsky, 1993), or threatening, with the potential for harm or loss (Blascovich & Tomaka, 1996; Dienstbier, 1989), would be most likely to activate this system. However, even though a range of hypotheses have been put forward, the vast majority has not been empirically investigated, and the evidence, where present, is not conclusive.

Blascovich, J. & Tomaka, J. (1996). The Biopsychosocial Model of Arousal Regulation. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 28, 1-46.

Dienstbier, R.A. (1989). Arousal and physiological toughness: Implications for mental and physical health. Psychological Review, 96(1), 84-100.

Henry, J.P. & Grim, C.E. (1990). Psychosocial mechanisms of primary hypertension. Journal of Hypertension 8, 783–793.

Mason, J.W. (1968). A review of psychoendocrine research on the pituitary-adrenal cortical system. Psychosomatic Medicine, 30, 576–607.

Rose, R.M. (1980). Endocrine responses to stressful psychological events. Advances in psychoneuroendocrinology. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 3, 251–276.

Selye, H. (1956). The Stress of Life. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Hans Selye (1956) argued that the stress response, which includes HPA activation, was nonspecific: All stressors, whether physical or psychological, would elicit the same physiological reaction. Others have concluded from the early work investigating the effects of severe traumatic experiences on cortisol activity (e.g., electric shock, injury) that only extreme or prolonged stressful conditions trigger cortisol elevations. Some have focused on the specific characteristics of the stressor, hypothesizing that contexts that are novel (Rose, 1980), unpredictable (Mason, 1968), uncontrollable (Henry & Grim, 1990; Sapolsky, 1993), or threatening, with the potential for harm or loss (Blascovich & Tomaka, 1996; Dienstbier, 1989), would be most likely to activate this system. Although a number of hypotheses have been offered, many have never been empirically tested, and in other cases, the evidence is not as conclusive as popular wisdom may suggest.

Blascovich, J., & Tomaka, J. (1996). The biopsychosocial model of arousal regulation. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 28, 1–51.

Dienstbier, R. A. (1989). Arousal and physiological toughness: Implications for mental and physical health. Psychological Review, 96, 84–100.

Henry, J. P., & Grim, C. E. (1990). Psychosocial mechanisms of primary hypertension. Journal of Hypertension, 8, 783–793.

Mason, J. W. (1968). A review of psychoendocrine research on the pituitary-adrenal cortical system. Psychosomatic Medicine, 30, 576–607.

Rose, R. M. (1980). Endocrine responses to stressful psychological events. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 3, 251–276.

Sapolsky, R. M. (1993). Endocrinology alfresco: Psychoendocrine studies of wild baboons. Recent Progress in Hormone Research, 48, 437–468.

Selye, H. (1956). The stress of life. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Anmerkungen

Nothing is marked as a citation. Only at the end of the paragraph the author tries to put what can be found in Dickerson and Kemeny (2004) into her own words.

A reference to Sapolsky (1993) is missing in the thesis.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan), Hindemith


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