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Reconsolidation: Behavioural and Electrophysiological Sequelae of Context and Stress in Human Episodic Memory

von Dr. Jennifer L. Moore

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[1.] Jm/Fragment 152 10 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2014-03-25 18:29:36 Hindemith
Dalton 1993, Fragment, Gesichtet, Jm, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Hindemith
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 152, Zeilen: 10-14, 16-20, 21-25
Quelle: Dalton 1993
Seite(n): 225, 231, 232, Zeilen: 225: r.col: 33-38; 231: r.col: 35-40, 51-55; 232: r.col: 22-23, 26-30
Indeed, Baddeley and colleagues (Baddeley & Woodhead, 1982; Godden & Baddeley, 1980) have proposed that recognition, unlike recall, is not contextually dependent unless context and stimulus are interactively encoded or integrated at study. Thus, the contextual encoding of the environmental features that took place did so in the absence of demands for intentional interactive processing.

[...] The need for a within-subjects design with respect to global context manipulations is evident when one considers the potential for significant criterion changes for study items tested in different environmental conditions. A within-subjects design would avoid this problem in the global context manipulation. [...] Furthermore, regarding the Experimental Context hypothesis, Fernández and Glenberg (1985) proposed that laboratory context manipulations are inherently ineffective because, from the subject’s perspective, all environmental context changes occur within the broader “Experimental context.”

[page 225]

The need for a within-subjects design with respect to global context manipulations is evident when one considers the potential for significant criterion changes for study items tested in different environmental conditions. A within-subjects design avoids this problem in the global context manipulation.

[page 231]

To account for this dissociation between memory measures, Baddeley and his colleagues (Baddeley& Woodhead, 1982; Godden & Baddeley, 1980) have proposed that recognition, unlike recall, is not contextually dependent unless context and stimulus are interactively encoded or integrated at study. [...] The contextual encoding of the environmental features that took place did so in the absence of demands for intentional interactive processing.

[page 232]

The experimental context hypothesis. Fernandez and Glenberg (1985) [made one of the more rigorous and systematic attempts to demonstrate context effects on memory. After failing to find context-dependent recognition or recall in over 300 subjects, they] proposed that laboratory context manipulations are inherently ineffective because, from the subject's perspective, all environmental context changes occur within the broader "experimental context."

Anmerkungen

The source is mentioned further up on the page, but without any indication that the here documented passages can also be found in the source. To be continued on the next page: Jm/Fragment_153_01

Sichter
(Hindemith) Schumann


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