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Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Hindemith
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 15, Zeilen: 9-13
Quelle: Nadel 2008
Seite(n): (3) 4, Zeilen: (3: r.col: 7-14,28-31) 4: r.col: 33-38
Although there is general consensus stipulating that the hippocampus plays a role in context effects (e.g., see Smith & Mizumori, 2006; Rudy et al., 2004; Gerwitz et al., 2000), a lack of cohesion arises concerning the nature of context itself, in particular the fact that there are multiple forms, and hence representations, of context, only one of which depends upon the hippocampus. [Nadel and Willner (1980) have argued that context representations formed in the hippocampus are essentially configural, being based on relations among the environmental features that comprise the physical lay-out of space. The authors further argued that because of this configural nature, learning about spatial context diverges in important respects from learning about isolated cues, or elements, within an environmental context. The authors further asserted that hippocampal damage would manifest as a lack of context-specificity, in the respect that learning should theoretically be inappropriately generalized to novel contexts.] [page 3]

[We argued that context representations formed in the hippocampus were fundamentally configural, being based on relations among the environmental features that comprised the physical lay-out of space. We further argued that because of this configural nature, learning about spatial context was different in important ways from learning about isolated cues, or elements, in the organism’s world2. [...]

A second idea we emphasized was that hippocampal damage would manifest as a lack of context specificity – learning would be inappropriately generalized to novel contexts.]

[page 4]

Although there is general agreement that the hippocampus plays a role in context effects, confusion arises from continued misunderstanding of the nature of context itself, in particular the fact that there are multiple forms, and hence representations, of context, only one of which depends upon the hippocampus.


[2 [...]]

Anmerkungen

Starting from the 2nd sentence it is clear that results of Nadel and Willner (1980) are presented. One might ask whether this presentation is not also taken from the source, but for the purpose here, only the first sentence is counted.

Sichter
(Hindemith) Schumann

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