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Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Hindemith
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 39, Zeilen: 9-20
Quelle: Beckner 2004
Seite(n): 51, Zeilen: 6ff
These studies provide stronger evidence of encoding and consolidation effects of stress, although the findings are mixed. While one study found a detrimental effect on verbal memory (Lupien et al., 1995), several others found a facilitative effect on visual memory (Buchanan & Lovallo, 2001; Abercrombie et al., 2003; Cahill et al., 2003). These studies (with the exception of Cahill et al., 2003), however, continue to conflate encoding and consolidation processes. Studies examining attentional effects have generally found that stress and cortisol interfere with selective attention and working memory. Furthermore, none of these studies manipulated either stress or cortisol levels on the day of memory testing in order to determine retrieval effects. Only one human study (de Quervain et al., 2000) and two animal studies (de Quervain et al., 1998; Oitzl & De Kloet, 1992) have directly tested for the effects of stress during each stage of memory formation and recall. These researchers found evidence of impaired retrieval. These studies provide stronger evidence of encoding and consolidation effects of stress, although the findings are mixed. While one study found a detrimental effect on verbal memory (Lupien et al., 1995), several others found a facilitative effect on visual memory (Buchanan & Lovallo, 2001; Abercrombie et al., 2003; Cahill et al., 2003). These studies (with the exception of Cahill et al. 2003), however, continue to conflate encoding and consolidation processes. Studies examining attentional effects have generally found stress and cortisol to interfere with selective attention and working memory. In addition, none of the studies cited above manipulated stress or cortisol levels on the day of memory testing to investigate retrieval effects. Only one human study (de Quervain et al., 2000) and two animal studies (de Quervain et al., 1998; Oitzl & De Kloet, 1992) have directly tested for the effects of stress during each stage of memory formation and recall. These researchers found evidence of impaired retrieval.
Anmerkungen

The source is not mentioned anywhere in the thesis.

Sichter
(Hindemith) Agrippina1

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