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Typus
BauernOpfer
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 40, Zeilen: 20-25
Quelle: Beckner et al 2006
Seite(n): 524, Zeilen: left col. 25-28.49-55 - right col. 1-3
Results provided support for the facilitative effect of stress and endogenous cortisol on the consolidation of new information, providing the first evidence that stress enhances the consolidation of verbal information. Indeed, this evidence for a facilitative effect of stress on the consolidation of verbal memory stood in contrast with much of the literature. Many studies have found an impairing effect of cortisol on word or narrative recall by using both [psychosocial stress (Jelicic [sic], Geraerts, Merckelbach, & Guerrieri, 2004; Wolf et al., 2001) and glucocorticoid administration (Kirschbaum et al., 1996; Tops et al., 2003), although it is pertinent to note that these studies applied the stressor or glucocorticoid prior to stimulus presentation and tested recall within an hour of the manipulation, thereby elevating cortisol during encoding, consolidation, and retrieval.]

Jelici, M., Geraerts, E., Merckelbach, H., & Guerrieri, R. (2004). Acute stress enhances memory for emotional words, but impairs memory for neutral words. International Journal of Neuroscience, 114, 1343–1351.

Kirschbaum, C., Wolf, O.T., May, M., Wippich, W., & Hellhammer, D.H. (1996). Stress- and treatment-induced elevations of cortisol levels associated with impaired declarative memory in healthy adults. Life Sciences, 58, 1475-1483.

Tops, M., van der Pompe, G., Baas, D., Mulder, L.J., Den Boer, J.A., Meijman, T.F., Korf, J. (2003). Acute cortisol effects on immediate free recall and recognition of nouns depend on stimulus valence. Psychophysiology, 40, 167-173.

Wolf, O.T., Convit, A., McHugh, P.F., Kandil, E., Thorn, E.L., De Santi, S., McEwen, B.S., & de Leon, M.J. (2001a). Cortisol differentially affects memory in young and elderly men. Behavioural Neuroscience, 105, 1002-1011.

Wolf, O.T., Schommer, N.C., Hellhammer, D.H., McEwen, B.S., & Kirschbaum, C. (2001b). The relationship between stress induced cortisol levels and memory differs between men and women. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 26, 711-720.

The results provide support for the facilitative effect of stress and endogenous cortisol on the consolidation of new information — and provide the first evidence of this for verbal information by using a stress manipulation. [...]

Indeed, our evidence for a facilitative effect of stress on the consolidation of verbal memory is a new finding and in contrast to much of the literature. Many studies have found an impairing effect of cortisol on word or narrative recall by using both psychosocial stress (Jelici, Geraerts, Merckelbach, & Guerrieri, 2004; Wolf, Schommer, et al., 2001) and glucocorticoid administration (Kirschbaum et al., 1996; Tops et al., 2003), although these studies applied the stressor or glucocorticoid prior to stimulus presentation and tested recall within an hour of the manipulation, thereby elevating cortisol during encoding, consolidation, and retrieval.


Jelici, M., Geraerts, E., Merckelbach, H., & Guerrieri, R. (2004). Acute stress enhances memory for emotional words, but impairs memory for neutral words. International Journal of Neuroscience, 114, 1343–1351.

Kirschbaum, C., Wolf, O. T., May, M., Wippich, W., & Hellhammer, D. H. (1996). Stress- and treatment-induced elevations of cortisol levels associated with impaired declarative memory in healthy adults. Life Sciences, 58, 1475–1483.

Tops, M., van der Pompe, G., Baas, D., Mulder, L. J., Den Boer, J. A., Meijman, T. F., et al. (2003). Acute cortisol effects on immediate free recall and recognition of nouns depend on stimulus valence. Psychophysiology, 40, 167–173.

Wolf, O. T., Schommer, N. C., Hellhammer, D. H., McEwen, B. S., & Kirschbaum, C. (2001). The relationship between stress induced cortisol levels and memory differs between men and women. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 26, 711–720.

Anmerkungen

At the end of the paragraph on the following page the source is named (cp. Jm/Fragment_041_01). Otherwise nothing is marked as a citation.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan), Hindemith

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