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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 41, Zeilen: 8-22
Quelle: Nadel et al 2002
Seite(n): S4, Zeilen: r.col: 1ff
Nadel and Payne (2002) predicted that if binding of the disparate elements that make up a given episode involves spatial context, then stress might disrupt it. However, if spatial context is not involved, stress should be without effect. The researchers induced false memories in participants using the Deese (1959), Roediger-McDermott (1995), or “DRM”1 paradigm. In brief, participants studied numerous lists of semantically associated words (e.g. candy, sour, sugar, bitter, chocolate, cake, etc.). Each list was followed by a recognition task that consisted of three types of words: words that were actually presented (e.g. sugar), unrelated distractor words that were not presented (e.g. hat), and words that are highly related to the theme or ‘gist’ of the list, but that were not presented (e.g. sweet), termed “critical lures”. Participants generally falsely remember many of these critical lures in DRM Experiments. In fact, the typical pattern of results reveals high rates of false recognition that under some conditions can equal or even surpass true recognition rates for correctly identified words (see Roediger et al., 1998). The researchers were concerned with the fate of false memories in this paradigm if participants were subjected to stress prior to performing the task.

1 This is not to be confused with the ‘Day Reconstruction Method’ of autobiographical recall.

We predicted that if binding involves spatial context, then stress might disrupt it. However, if spatial context is not involved, stress should be without effect.

[...]

[...] We induced false memories in our subjects using the Deese (1959), Roediger-McDermott (1995), or “DRM” paradigm. In brief, subjects study numerous lists of semantically associated words (e.g. candy, sour, sugar, bitter, chocolate, cake, etc.). Each list is followed by a recognition task that consists of three types of words: words that were actually presented (e.g. sugar), unrelated distractor words that were not presented (e.g. hat), and words that are highly related to the theme or ‘gist’ of the list, but that were not presented (e.g. sweet), called “critical lures”. Perhaps not surprisingly, subjects routinely falsely remember many of these critical lures in DRM experiments. In fact, the typical pattern of results reveals high rates of false recognition that under some conditions can equal or even surpass hit rates for correctly identified words (see Roediger et al. 1998).

We wondered about the fate of false memories in this paradigm if participants were subjected to stress before performing the task.

Anmerkungen

The source is given, and it is clear that the experiments and results of Nadel et al. are reported here. What is not clear to the reader is that this reporting is done with the words of Nadel et al..

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(Hindemith)

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