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Typus
KomplettPlagiat
Bearbeiter
Hindemith
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 107, Zeilen: 8-20
Quelle: Starns 2004
Seite(n): 27, 28, Zeilen: 27: 17ff; 28: 1ff
In response, Murnane, Phelps and Malmberg (1999) proposed a theory of cueing effects that assumes that there are three general types of information that can match between encoding and retrieval: Item information, Context information, and Ensemble information (thus, it is called the ICE theory). Item information refers to features that received focal processing at encoding (e.g., the conceptual features of the studied words). Context information refers to incidentally-processed features that are bound in a memory trace although they are not central to the memory task at hand. This type of information is also known as associated context. Ensemble information refers to contextual features that are meaningfully integrated with the item information. According to the ICE model, when associated context information is provided in a test cue, the relevant contextual feature is activated across an entire set of items in memory. However, providing integrated context information at retrieval activates contextual features that are uniquely associated with a single item in memory. Murnane, Phelps, & Malmberg (1999) have proposed a theory of cueing effects that assumes that there are three general types of information that can match between encoding and retrieval: Item information, Context information, and Ensemble information (thus, it is called the ICE theory). Item information refers to features that received focal processing at encoding (e.g., the conceptual features of the studied words). Context information refers to incidentally processed features that are bound in a memory trace although they are not

[page 28]

central to the memory task at hand; this type of information is also known as associated context. Ensemble information refers to contextual features that are meaningfully integrated with the item information. According to the ICE model, when associated context information is provided in a test cue, the relevant contextual feature is activated across an entire set of items in memory. However, providing integrated context information at retrieval activates contextual features that are uniquely associated with a single item in memory.

Anmerkungen

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Sichter
(Hindemith) Agrippina1

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