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KeineWertung
Bearbeiter
Hindemith
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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 208, Zeilen: 1-13
Quelle: Hupbach et al 2007
Seite(n): 47, Zeilen: abstract
[Hupbach and colleagues] (2007) demonstrated the reconsolidation phenomenon in episodic memory in humans. University students learned a list of objects on Day 1. On Day 2, they either received a reminder or not, and then learned a second list. Memory for List 1 was tested immediately on Day 2 (Experiment 2) or on Day 3 (Experiment 1). Although the reminder did not moderate the number of items recalled from List 1 on either day, participants who received a reminder incorrectly intermixed items from the second list when recalling List 1 on Day 3. Experiment 2 showed that this effect did not occur immediately and was therefore not timedependent. The reminder did not affect memory for List 2 on Day 3 (Experiment 3). As such, modification occurred only for the original memory (i.e., List 1). This study demonstrates the integral role of reminders in the modification of episodic memory, that reconsolidation of episodic memory is time-dependent, and, contrary to previous reconsolidation findings, that reconsolidation is also a constructive process which supports the integration of new information into a memory trace. Recent demonstrations of “reconsolidation” suggest that memories can be modified when they are reactivated. Reconsolidation has been observed in human procedural memory and in implicit memory in infants. This study asks whether episodic memory undergoes reconsolidation. College students learned a list of objects on Day 1. On Day 2, they received a reminder or not, and then learned a second list. Memory for List 1 was tested immediately on Day 2 (Experiment 2) or on Day 3 (Experiment 1). Although the reminder did not moderate the number of items recalled from List 1 on either day, subjects who received a reminder incorrectly intermixed items from the second list when recalling List 1 on Day 3. Experiment 2 showed that this effect does not occur immediately and thus is time-dependent. The reminder did not affect memory for List 2 on Day 3 (Experiment 3), demonstrating that modification occurred only for the original memory (List 1). The study demonstrates the crucial role of reminders for the modification of episodic memory, that reconsolidation of episodic memory is time-dependent, and, in contrast to previous reconsolidation findings, that reconsolidation is also a constructive process, one that supports the incorporation of new information in memory.
Anmerkungen

The source is referenced, but it is not made clear that the formulations of the source have been taken as well.

Note also that the sentence following "This study demonstrates" could be understood as describing the research undertaken by the author of the thesis, and not as describing the research of Hupbach et al. (which in the reminder of the paragraph is referred to in past tense).

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